Hugo the black

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Hugo the Black ( Hugues le Noir ) († December 17, 952 ) from the Buviniden family was Duke of Burgundy from 923 and Count and Margrave of Provence from 936 . He was the youngest son of Duke Richard the judge († 921) and the Adelheid of Auxerre († 929) and brother of King Rudolf of France († 936).

Hugo the Black took part in 922 together with his brother in the revolt of the Robertines against King Charles III. the simple-minded part. He succeeded his brother as Duke of Burgundy when he was elected King of France in 923 . After his brother's death (936), Hugo initially refused recognition to the new king, Ludwig IV the overseas . The king snatched Hugo Langres , while at the same time Hugo Magnus seized the cities of Sens and Auxerre , with which Hugo the black lost almost half of his property. Hugo the Black was imprisoned near the Nette lakes , but released again after a year. He was reconciled with the king in 937 after he had broken with Hugo Magnus, and in 938 and 939 he entered into a formal alliance against Hugo Magnus and Heribert II of Vermandois . In 940, however, the alliance had to capitulate before the intervention of the East Franconian king and later Emperor Otto I , who had intervened in favor of Hugo Magnus.

King Ludwig IV was forced to hand over the power of the Burgundian duke to Hugo Magnus in 943. Hugo the Black was still able to assert himself as margrave ( marchio ) in his remaining possessions . As a result, however, there was another break between Hugo the Black and the King, in which Duke Konrad the Red of Lorraine tried to mediate at a meeting on the Marne 950.

Hugo the black was not married. He divided his inheritance between his two brothers-in-law. He left Liétald the areas east of the Saône from which the county of Burgundy (Franche-Comté) emerged. The remaining areas, which were concentrated around Autun , Troyes and Chalon-sur-Saône , including the associated Burgundian principle, he transferred to Giselbert , who, however, had to recognize Hugo Magnus as liege lord.

predecessor Office successor
Rudolf Duke of Burgundy
Hugo the Great
Rudolf Count of Sens
923-936 / 40
Hugo the Great
Boso I. List of Counts and Margraves of Provence
Boso II.