|Department||Aube ( prefecture )|
|Community association||Troyes Champagne Métropole|
|surface||13.20 km 2|
|Residents||61,652 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||4,671 inhabitants / km 2|
Troyes [ tʀwa ] is a municipality with 61,652 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in north-eastern France and the administrative seat of the Aube department in the Grand Est region . Troyes is on the Seine .
Troyes was the chief town of the Celtic tribe of the Tricasses ( Tricassii or Tricasses ) and was called by the Romans Augustobona Tricassium or Augustomana Tricassiorum (in Ptolemaeus ). In the 4th century the city became a bishopric (see: Diocese of Troyes ). To the west of Troyes, the battle took place in the Catalaunian fields between Attila and Aëtius in 451 .
In the early Middle Ages , the bishops of Troyes were the city lords. In 889 the city was destroyed by the Normans . In the 10th century Troyes developed into the center of the County of Troyes , which was owned by the Count House of Vermandois , a line of the Carolingians . The Counts of Troyes replaced the bishops as city lords. At the beginning of the 12th century they took on the title of Count of Champagne .
In the city worked among other things Rashi (1040-1105), one of the greatest Jewish scholars of the Middle Ages. His famous commentaries on the Bible and the Talmud , which he wrote in Troyes, are still printed in most of the Jewish Bibles and in the Talmud. Furthermore, the medieval poet Chrétien de Troyes (around 1140-1190) worked in the city - at the time when Troyes was the residence of the Counts of Champagne. The Parzival story about the search for the Holy Grail goes back to Chrétien de Troyes .
From the 12th century onwards, Troyes held two of the six fairs or fairs for which Champagne became famous. Goods from the Netherlands (cloth) to Italy ( silk , oriental goods) were traded here. One of the first European money markets was organized under the Counts of Champagne, who had made Troyes their capital.
During the Hundred Years War (1337-1453) the importance of the city waned. Troyes was in English-occupied territory. Not least for this reason, the Treaty of Troyes was signed here on May 21, 1420 . With this treaty, the King of France Charles VI allied . (at the instigation of his wife Isabeau ), the King of England Henry V and the Duke of Burgundy Philip III. to exclude the Crown Prince and later Charles VII of France from the line of succession. Henry V received with the hand of Catherine , the daughter of Charles VI., The claim to the French throne after the death of his father-in-law and until then the reign in France. In 1429 the English were expelled and Joan of Arc was able to lead the Dauphin to Reims for his coronation .
On May 24th, 1524 there was a devastating fire that left a large part of the city to rubble and ashes.
The city was further weakened by the shift in trade from land to sea. Troyes changed from a trading center to a center of the textile industry in the 16th and 17th centuries. At the same time, the city became one of the strongholds of the Huguenots and therefore badly hit by the repeal of the Edict of Nantes in 1685.
The Edict of Troyes , issued by Louis XIII. , determined in 1630 that the cities of Clairmont and Montferrand were to be merged to form a city called Clermont-Ferrand . It was 101 years later by Louis XV. approved.
During the campaign of 1814 in the final phase of the Napoleonic Wars , Troyes was important as one of the main points of operation for the Austrian army.
|Sources: Cassini and INSEE|
coat of arms
The city lives economically mainly from tourism, from the local smelting works and from the textile and rubber industry. Furthermore, viticulture is operated. The grapes are pressed almost exclusively into champagne .
The company Devanlay ( Lacoste ) with textile factories is based in Troyes with over 1000 employees . Devanlay SA is one of the last textile companies producing in France. Polo shirts , T-shirts, pullovers, shirts and various other items of clothing are made there for the Lacoste fashion company.
The troy ounce refers to Troyes.
- Houses from the 16th to 18th centuries in the renovated old town (e.g. Hôtel Juvénal des Ursins , Hôtel Deheurles , Hôtel de Chapelaines , Hôtel de Marisy , Hôtel de Mauroy , Hôtel de Vauluisant , Hôtel du Petit Louvre , Maison de l ' Orfèvre and Maison de l'Élection )
- Gothic and Renaissance churches :
- Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul cathedral : 13th to 17th centuries, with a church treasure and stained glass from the 13th to 16th centuries
- former collegiate church of Saint-Urbain : 1262 by Pope Urban IV. founded
- Saint-Jean (14th to 17th centuries)
- Sainte-Madeleine: 12th to 16th century with a rood in Flamboyant (1508-1516)
- Saint-Martin-des-Vignes: Renaissance church from 1589–1610
- Saint-Rémy: 14th to 16th centuries
- Saint-Pantaléon: 16th century, with a baroque facade
- Musée d'Art Moderne: in the Bishop's Palace from the 16th to 18th centuries century
- Musée Saint-Loup: (Fine arts, archeology, natural history) in the Abbaye St Loup from the 17th / 18th centuries. century
- Apothicairerie de l'Hôtel Dieu-le-Comte : 18th century museum of pharmacy
- Musée de Vauluisant in the Hôtel de Vauluisant from the 16th century
- Maison de l'outil et de la Pensée Ouvrière: in the Hôtel de Mauroy from the 16th century
- Hôtel de ville , built in the 17th century (Monument historique)
- Troyes University of Technology ( Université de technologie de Troyes , UTT), a state technical university that opened in 1994. The university has 127 teachers. In 2005 it had 1,857 enrolled engineering students.
- Groupe École supérieure de commerce de Troyes , a private economic grande école , which opened in 1992 and which is attended by around 1,600 students.
- Tournai , Belgium , since 1951
- Darmstadt , Germany , since 1958
- Alkmaar , the Netherlands , since 1958
- Zielona Góra ( Grünberg in Silesia ), Poland , since 1970
- Chesterfield , United Kingdom , since 1973
- Patroclus of Troyes († around 259), Christian martyr
- Rashi (Rabbi Schlomo ben Jizchak) (1040–1105), Talmud commentator
- Chrétien de Troyes (around 1140 † around 1190), old French author
- Petrus Comestor († around 1178), theologian
- Urban IV (around 1200 † 1264), Pope from 1261 to 1264
- Guillaume Le Bé (1525–1598), type designer and publisher
- Jean Passerat (1534–1602), writer and poet
- Pierre Pithou (1539–1596), lawyer and scholar
- Denis Largentier (1557-1624), Abbot of Clairvaux
- Philippe Thomassin (1562–1622), graphic artist and engraver
- Jacques Linard (1597–1645), still life painter
- Pierre Mignard (1612–1695), painter of the Baroque period
- Margareta Bourgeoys (1620–1700), founder of the order and saint of the Roman Catholic Church
- François Girardon (1628–1715), sculptor
- Louis Brisson (1817–1908), founder of the Oblates of St. Francis de Sales (together with Leonie Aviat) and the Oblates of St. Franz von Sales, (born in nearby Plancy-l'Abbaye), beatified in 2012.
- Louis Ulbach (1822–1889), writer and journalist
- Félix Gustave Saussier (1828–1905), General and MP
- Albert Mérat (1840–1909), writer and translator
- Émile Coué (1857–1926), founder of modern, conscious autosuggestion
- Édouard Herriot (1872–1957), Parti radical (Radical Socialist Party), politician of the Third Republic, three times Prime Minister
- Jacques Siclier (1927–2013), film critic, screenwriter, historian and author
- Jean Tirole (* 1953), industrial economist, recipient of the Alfred Nobel Memorial Prize for Economics 2014
- Yannick Stopyra (* 1961), football player
- Armand de Las Cuevas (1968-2018), racing cyclist
- Charles Ladmiral (* 1970), film editor
- Mathieu Drujon (* 1983), cyclist
- François Marque (* 1983), football player
- Damien Perquis (* 1984), French-Polish soccer player
- Benoît Drujon (* 1985), racing cyclist
- Gaëtane Thiney (* 1985), football player
- Jonathan Clauss (* 1992), soccer player
- Djibril Sidibé (* 1992), football player
- Website of the city of Troyes (French)
- Illustration by Daniel Meisner from 1624: Troy; Nulla Fides Dilectio Nulla ( digitized version )
- Mégalithes du Musée Saint Loup à Troyes