Galeazzo Maria Sforza
Galeazzo Maria was known as the patron saint of art and music, but also for his voluptuous, cruel and tyrannical character. Through his commitment, his court orchestra became one of the best known and historically most important in Europe. Composers from the north, especially from Flanders and the Netherlands , came to his court, including Alexander Agricola , Johannes Martini , Loyset Compère , Gaspar van Weerbeke , but above all Josquin des Prez , who later became the most famous composer of the time in Europe.
Galeazzo Maria was murdered on December 26, 1476, after his return from a punitive action against the Duke of Burgundy , in the Milan Cathedral by three nobles. They were instigated by Cola Montano, who had been publicly whipped by Galeazzo. So far, historians assumed that the murder plot was an attempted coup, but it failed. Gregory Lubkin primarily recognizes a loss of loyalty, but not only considers political reasons but also general social behavior such as promiscuity .
Galeazzo Maria married Dorotea Gonzaga , daughter of Ludovico III , in 1466 . Gonzaga , Margrave of Mantua , who died childless after only two years (1468). In the year of her death, on July 6, 1468, he married Bona von Savoyen (1449–1503), a daughter of Duke Ludwig . She is the mother of his children:
- Gian Galeazzo Sforza (1469–1494), Duke of Milan 1476
- Ermes Sforza (* / † 1470)
- Bianca Maria Sforza (1472–1510) ⚭ 1494 Emperor Maximilian I (1459–1519)
- Anna Sforza (* 1473, † November 30, 1497) ⚭ January 12, 1491 Alfonso I. d'Este (1476–1534)
He had at least one illegitimate daughter with his lover Lucrezia Landriano:
- Caterina Sforza (* 1463, † May 28, 1509) ⚭ (I) 1477 Girolamo Riario , Lord of Imola (1443–1488); (II) Giacomo Feo († 1495); (III) 1497 Giovanni de 'Medici (1467–1498)
- Emil Dürr : Galazzo Maria Sforza and his position on the Burgundian Wars . In: Basler Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Altertumskunde , Vol. 10, 1911, pp. 259–414. ( Digitized version )
- James Hogg: Sforza, Galeazzo Maria. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 9, Bautz, Herzberg 1995, ISBN 3-88309-058-1 , Sp. 1579-1583.
- Gregory Lubkin: A Renaissance court. Milan under Galeazzo Maria Sforza. University of California Press, Berkeley / Los Angeles / London 1994, ISBN 0-520-08146-3 .
- Galeacius Maria Herzog zu Mayland in the Schedel world chronicle of 1493
- Tobias Daniels, Umanesimo, congiure e propaganda politica. Cola Montano e l'Oratio ad Lucenses, Rome 2015 (RR inedita 63rd saggi).
- Gregory Lubkin: A Renaissance court. Milan under Galeazzo Maria Sforza. University of California Press, Berkeley / Los Angeles / London 1994, p. 240 f.
|Francesco I. Sforza||
Duke of Milan
|Gian Galeazzo Sforza|
|SURNAME||Sforza, Galeazzo Maria|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Duke of Milan|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 24, 1444|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 26, 1476|
|Place of death||Milan|