Galeazzo Maria Sforza

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Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Portrait of Piero del Pollaiuolo (1471)

Galeazzo Maria Sforza (born January 24, 1444 , † December 26, 1476 in Milan ) was Duke of Milan . He belonged to the Sforza family and was the son of Francesco I. Sforza and Bianca Maria Visconti .


Galeazzo Maria was known as the patron saint of art and music, but also for his voluptuous, cruel and tyrannical character. Through his commitment, his court orchestra became one of the best known and historically most important in Europe. Composers from the north, especially from Flanders and the Netherlands , came to his court, including Alexander Agricola , Johannes Martini , Loyset Compère , Gaspar van Weerbeke , but above all Josquin des Prez , who later became the most famous composer of the time in Europe.

Galeazzo Maria was murdered on December 26, 1476, after his return from a punitive action against the Duke of Burgundy , in the Milan Cathedral by three nobles. They were instigated by Cola Montano, who had been publicly whipped by Galeazzo. So far, historians assumed that the murder plot was an attempted coup, but it failed. Gregory Lubkin primarily recognizes a loss of loyalty, but not only considers political reasons but also general social behavior such as promiscuity .


The murder of Galeazzo Maria Sforza

Galeazzo Maria married Dorotea Gonzaga , daughter of Ludovico III , in 1466 . Gonzaga , Margrave of Mantua , who died childless after only two years (1468). In the year of her death, on July 6, 1468, he married Bona von Savoyen (1449–1503), a daughter of Duke Ludwig . She is the mother of his children:

He had at least one illegitimate daughter with his lover Lucrezia Landriano:


Web links

Commons : Galeazzo Maria Sforza  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Tobias Daniels, Umanesimo, congiure e propaganda politica. Cola Montano e l'Oratio ad Lucenses, Rome 2015 (RR inedita 63rd saggi).
  2. Gregory Lubkin: A Renaissance court. Milan under Galeazzo Maria Sforza. University of California Press, Berkeley / Los Angeles / London 1994, p. 240 f.
predecessor Office successor
Francesco I. Sforza Duke of Milan
Gian Galeazzo Sforza