Charles IV (Maine)

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Charles IV of Maine
Coat of arms of Charles IV of Maine

Charles IV of Maine (* 1414 at Château de Montils-lez-Tours ; † 1472 in Neuvy-en-Touraine ) was Count of Maine from 1425 to 1465 and from 1467 to 1472 a 2nd time Count of Mortain and 1444 Count von Guise from the younger house of Anjou .


Karl was a son of Duke Ludwig II of Anjou and Jolanthe of Aragón . His first marriage was Cobella Ruffo († 1442), daughter of Carlo Ruffo , Count of Montalto , and Ceccarella Sanseverino , with whom he had a son, Karl (* 1436, † 1481).

From 1437 Charles took part in the campaigns of his brother-in-law, King Charles VII of France , against the English, in the capture of Montereau (1437), the capture of Pontoise (1441), the campaigns in Normandy (1449-1450) and in Guyenne (1453).

He sought to get back the county of Guise, which had belonged to his father and then to his brother René I , Duke of Anjou, before it was conquered by John of Luxembourg in 1425. He began by complaining about Guise to the king, who took it from Ludwig of Luxembourg , Jean's nephew, and in 1443 married Isabella of Luxembourg, Ludwig's sister, in 1443, before getting the county back the following year. From this second marriage comes a daughter, Louise of Anjou (1445–1477), who married Jacques d'Armagnac , Duke of Nemours .

After the death of Charles VII, he joined his cousin Louis XI. who entrusted him with the settlement of the conflict with the Duke of Brittany ; but his efforts only deepened the rifts between the two parties. His attitude during the Ligue du Bien public (1465) was ambiguous - his family and friendly relationships with most of the princes of the league led to a careless defensive battle. When he took part in the Battle of Montlhéry in 1465 , in which he abandoned the king and fled, he was only punished by withdrawing the favor of the king because he was interested in Karl's older brother, the "good king" René , not to be upset.

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