Johann I. (Sponheim-Kreuznach)

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Johann I "the Lame" (* between 1245 and 1250; † January 28, 1290 ) was count of the front county of Sponheim .

Live and act

Johann I took over the government in the front county of Sponheim in 1265 after the death of his father Simon I. In the same year he married Adelheid von Leiningen-Landeck , daughter of Emich IV . At first he ruled alone, later he had to share his father's inheritance with his brothers Heinrich and Eberhard. The division took place in 1277 through the mediation of his relatives from the rear county of Sponheim and the Counts of Sayn . Heinrich founded the Sponheim Bolanden-Dannenfels line, Eberhard the Sponheim- Neef line . The handover of part of Böckelheim Castle to Heinrich in 1278 led to a violent feud with the Archbishop of Mainz. Contrary to all agreements between the brothers, Heinrich sold his share in the castle to Mainz. Johann tried unsuccessfully to reverse the sale. He then tried to regain the castle by force of arms. Finally he was defeated by the Archbishop of Mainz in an open field battle near Sprendlingen in 1279 . Johann I and Adelheid were buried in the collegiate church in Pfaffen-Schwabenheim , their tombs have not been preserved.



predecessor Office successor
Simon I. Count of Sponheim zu Kreuznach
Johann II.
Simon I. Count of Sponheim zu Kastellaun
Simon II