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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The Land Gate - the Porta Terraferma of Zadar
The fourth crusade begins. The siege of Zara ends after two weeks with the surrender of the city .
1202 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 650/651 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1194/95
Buddhist calendar 1745/46 (southern Buddhism); 1744/45 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 64th (65th) cycle

Year of the Water Dog壬戌 ( at the beginning of the year metal rooster 辛酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 564/565 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 580/581
Islamic calendar 598/599 (turn of the year 19/20 September)
Jewish calendar 4962/63 (September 18-19)
Coptic calendar 918/919
Malayalam calendar 377/378
Seleucid era Babylon: 1512/13 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1513/14 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1240
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1258/59 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Fourth crusade

  • August 19 : Boniface I of Montferrat arrives in Venice and officially takes over the leadership of the Fourth Crusade . Since fewer crusaders than expected have been recruited, they are unable to pay for the 200 ships rented by the Republic of Venice . The 85-year-old Doge Enrico Dandolo then took the cross himself and soon thousands of Venetians joined him.
  • Early October: The crusade leaves Venice. The direct crossing to Egypt was originally planned, but Dandolo convinced the troops to land in the Dalmatian port city of Zara, which was formerly controlled by Venice . Many crusaders refuse to help. But most of them are convinced by Dandolo's promise that their debts accumulated while waiting in Venice would be paid off. Pope Innocent III forbids the attack on the city and excommunicated the entire crusader army for it.
  • November 23 : After two weeks of siege , Zara is captured and devastated. Because of the advanced season, the army wintered in the city.
Alexios IV Angelus

Holy Roman Empire


Franco-English War

The campaigns of 1202
Arthur's homage to Philip,
Grandes Chroniques de France
  • July: Philip II knights John's nephew Arthur of Brittany and enfeoffs him with all of John's lands with the exception of Normandy , which he declares crown land . Then he marched together with Arthur, Gottfried von Lusignan and his nephew Hugo le Brun in Normandy and besieged the Mirebeau Castle , where Johann's mother Eleanor of Aquitaine stayed .
  • With the help of his vassal Guillaume des Roches , Johann then leads his army on a forced march to Mirebeau, where on the morning of July 31st he completely surprises the besiegers. In addition to Johann's nephew Arthur, Gottfried von Lusignan, Hugo le Brun, Savary de Mauléon and over 200 knights are also captured. With the exception of Arthur, who is imprisoned in Falaise under the supervision of Hubert de Burgh , most of them are soon released.
  • After Johann had an argument with his confidante Guillaume des Roches about the question of the treatment of the prisoners, the latter changed sides and offered Philip II his services. Johann is increasingly on the defensive.
  • Autumn: The Bretons conquer Johann's permanent residence in Angers .

Other events in Europe


City rights and first documentary mentions





  • The Buddhist monk Eisai , founder of the Rinzai school of Zen Buddhism, receives a plot of land in the capital Kyoto from the Japanese Shogun Minamoto no Yoriie in order to build the city's first large Zen temple. The tennō Tsuchimikado , who resides in Kyōto, allows the construction of the Kennin-ji on the condition that, in addition to the exercises of Zen Buddhism, the esoteric rituals of the Shingon school and the meditation technique of the Tendai school are taught in specially built halls. In addition, the temple is incorporated as a branch temple in the temple complex of Mount Hiei north of the city .


Church hierarchy
Religious orders
Kerz Monastery


  • The famous Sufi Ibn Arabi takes from his native city of Murcia in Moorish Spain from a long journey in the Orient , where he Alexandria , Cairo and finally Mecca visited where it does not take long, all until the news of his arrival in the City spread.



Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1202


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1202  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files