Archdiocese of Riga
|Archdiocese of Riga|
|Diocesan bishop||Zbigņev Stankevičs|
|Auxiliary bishop||Andris Kravalis|
|Emeritus diocesan bishop||Jānis Cardinal Pujats|
|Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus||Jānis Cakuls|
|Parishes||64 (31.12.2017 / AP2018 )|
|Residents||1.201.975 (31.12.2017 / AP2018 )|
|Catholics||224,329 (December 31, 2017 / AP2018 )|
|Diocesan priest||41 (31.12.2017 / AP2018 )|
|Religious priest||15 (31.12.2017 / AP2018 )|
|Catholics per priest||4,006|
|Permanent deacons||1 (31.12.2017 / AP2018 )|
|Friars||15 (31.12.2017 / AP2018 )|
|Religious sisters||59 (31.12.2017 / AP2018 )|
|cathedral||St. Jacob's Cathedral|
|address||Maza Pils iela 2 / a
1050 Riga, Latvia
Albrecht von Buxthoeven , who was appointed canon by the Bishop of Bremen to Bishop of Livonia in 1198 , met there in mid-1200 with merchants, missionaries and an army of pilgrims, supported by one of Pope Innocent III. exhibited crusade bull , in the mouth of the Dunes . Twenty kilometers away from this he founded the city of Riga in 1201 and moved the bishopric from Üxküll there. From that point on he held the title of Bishop of Riga. During his mission , Albert was able to build on the preparatory work done by Meinhard von Segeberg . In 1201 he established a permanent bishopric and a cathedral chapter in Riga , for which he elected Premonstratensians . The Order of the Brothers of the Sword , which he initiated in 1202, became a competition for supremacy in Livonia. 1207 which was Diocese fiefdom , and in 1224 the Bishop of king was Philip of Swabia to princes levied. In 1255 Riga became an archbishopric, to which the dioceses Dorpat , Warmia , Kulm , Kurland , Ösel-Wiek , Pomesanien and Samland were subordinate as suffragan dioceses . The Diocese of Reval (now Tallinn) was subordinate to the Archdiocese of Lund .
The diocese possessed a considerable ecclesiastical territory , in which the bishop or archbishop was also sovereign. From 1330 the territory was conquered by the Livonian Order , but the archbishopric retained its spiritual autonomy.
On September 29, 1918, before the Republic of Latvia declared its independence, a new Roman Catholic diocese of Riga was established from the Archdiocese of Mahiljou . The first bishop was the Baltic nobleman Eduard Graf O'Rourke (1918–1920). The diocese of Riga initially only comprised the regions of Vidzeme (Livonia) and Latgale (Latgale).
On August 19, 1920, the parts of Kurzeme (Kurland) and Zemgale (Semgallia), which had been under the administration of the Kaunas diocese, were added to the Riga diocese. The church structures were thus adapted to the state borders of Latvia.
On the basis of the concordat concluded on May 30, 1922 between the Republic of Latvia and the Holy See and a law passed by the Saeima on April 23, 1923 , the former Evangelical Lutheran St. Jacob's Church in Riga was left to the Catholics and became a cathedral of the Diocese of Riga. Thereupon the diocese of Riga was raised to the archbishopric on October 25, 1923 .
In 1937 the diocese of Liepāja was founded in the southern and western territories , from which the southern territory was separated in 1995 as the diocese of Jelgava . In the same year the diocese of Rēzekne-Aglona was created by separating the eastern part of the archdiocese. All three dioceses are suffragan dioceses of the Archdiocese of Riga. The current territory corresponds to the Latvian region of Vidzeme or Central Livonia .
Today the archbishopric covers an area of 23,587 km². The number of Catholics has been increasing since the 1990s. In 2015 the Archdiocese of Riga had around 223,000 Catholics, which is around 18% of the population. The number of priests, religious and parishes increased accordingly.
- Mario Glauert: The binding of the cathedral chapter of Riga to the rules of the Teutonic Order . In: Radosław Biskup, Mario Glauert (ed.): The cathedral chapters of the Teutonic Order in Prussia and Livonia . Aschendorff, Münster 2004, ISBN 3-402-00541-7 , pp. 269-316.
- H. Grote : Archbishops of Riga. In: Family Tables. Leipzig 1877.
- Manfred Hellmann : Livonia and the Empire. The problem of their mutual relationships. In: Bavarian Academy of Sciences, philosophical-historical class, meeting reports. Year 1989, issue 6.
- Official website (Latvian)
- Entry on the Archdiocese of Riga on catholic-hierarchy.org
- Entry on gcatholic.org (English)
- Cf. Gisela Gnegel-Waitschies: Bishop Albert of Riga. A Bremen canon as prince of the church in the east (1199–1229). Northern and Eastern European History Studies. Vol. 2. Hamburg 1958. p. 56.
- See Hellmann: Albert I., Col. 285f.
- Franz Winter: The Premonstratensians of the 12th Century and their Importance for Northeastern Germany . Berlin 1865, pp. 225-227.
- Cf. Friedrich Benninghoven: The Order of the Brothers of the Swords : Fratres milicie Christi de Livonia ; Böhlau, Cologne, 1965
- Acta Apostolicae Sedis , born 1918, p. 452.
- Ernst Benz : The Roman Catholic Church in Latvia 1918–1940 . In: Boris Meissner , Dietrich André Loeber , Detlef Henning (eds.): The German ethnic group in Latvia during the interwar period and current issues of German-Latvian relations . Bibliotheca Baltica, Tallinn 2000, pp. 162–174, here p. 165.
- Ernst Benz: The Roman Catholic Church in Latvia 1918–1940 . In: Boris Meissner, Dietrich André Loeber, Detlef Henning (eds.): The German ethnic group in Latvia during the interwar period and current issues of German-Latvian relations . Bibliotheca Baltica, Tallinn 2000, pp. 162–174, here p. 166.
- Ernst Benz: The Roman Catholic Church in Latvia 1918–1940 . In: Boris Meissner, Dietrich André Loeber, Detlef Henning (eds.): The German ethnic group in Latvia during the interwar period and current issues of German-Latvian relations . Bibliotheca Baltica, Tallinn 2000, pp. 162–174, here p. 168.
- Rigensis erectionis in Archiepiscopatum Decretum . In: Acta Apostolicae Sedis , Jg. 1923, pp. 585-586.