Dietrich von Landsberg
Dietrich von Landsberg (the sage * 1242 ; † February 8, 1285 on his return journey from Poland ) was Margrave of Landsberg from 1263 . He came from the aristocratic Wettiner family and was the second son of Margrave Heinrich III. of Meissen and Constantia of Austria .
As a result of the Wettin division of Landsberg in 1263, Dietrich von Landsberg received the Margraviate of Landsberg, created in 1261, from his father, who himself remained in possession of the Margraviate of Meissen and the Ostmark / Lausitz and left the Landgraviate of Thuringia and the Palatinate of Saxony to his brother Albrecht the Degenerate . The new principality of Mark Landsberg was created by splitting off the western part of Ostmark / Lausitz and was mainly located between the Saale and Mulde . The division of a Saxon flag and principality by Margrave Heinrich III. (the illustrious) and his passing on to the son Dietrich (the fat) without ruling cooperation contradicted the imperial law. This illegitimate act had no consequences for the time being, as there was no emperor or king in the empire during those years. The dominant centers of this area were the main castle Landsberg , which gave the new Mark its name, and the old East Mark court / Landdingstätte Delitzsch . In addition, Dietrich received the county of Groitzsch on the White Elster . The territorial connection between the Landsberg-Delitzscher and the Groitzscher area was secured by the city of Leipzig with its surrounding area, which passed from Meissen property to the Landsberg margraviate. The towns of Weißenfels with frequent stays by Margrave Dietrich as well as the castle and town of Sangerhausen - until then part of Palatinate Saxony - also belonged to the new march; Finally, Zwickau in Plissenland and the city of Grimma with its representative castle on the border with the Meißener Land. In the long run, these and other unauthorized and autocratic acts of the Wettins to shape internal family rule had catastrophic consequences and almost led to the end of the dynasty around 1300. Dietrich took part in the campaigns against the Prussians on the side of the Teutonic Order .
Dietrich von Landsberg was nicknamed the Wise and the Feiste / Fette . His grave is in the church of the former Poor Clare Monastery of St. Afra in Seusslitz , now part of Nünchritz . After his death in 1285, his son Friedrich Tuta succeeded him in ruling the Mark Landsberg.
Marriage and offspring
His marriage to Helene von Brandenburg († 1304 and buried in the St. Claren Monastery in Weißenfels), daughter of Johann I , gave birth to the following children:
- Sophia (* approx. 1259; † August 24, 1318 in Weißenfels), abbess of the St. Claren monastery in Weißenfels , ⚭ 1266 Konradin von Hohenstaufen (1252–1268), last legitimate Staufer , Duke of Swabia, King of Jerusalem and King of Sicily
- Friedrich Tuta (1269–1291), Margrave of Meißen, ⚭ Katherina († 1303 in Weißenfels)
- Gertrud († January 17, 1325 in Weißenfels), nun of the St. Claren monastery in Weißenfels
- Helene, nun of the St. Claren monastery in Weißenfels
His sisters Hedwig and Adelheid were nuns in Weißenfels monastery.
- Heinrich Theodor Flathe : Dietrich . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 5, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, p. 187 f.
- Herbert Helbig : Dietrich. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 3, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1957, ISBN 3-428-00184-2 , p. 678 ( digitized version ).
- Waldemar Giese: The Mark Landsberg until its transition to the Brandenburg Ascanians in 1291 . In: Thüringisch-Sächsische Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Kunst , vol. 8 (1918), pp. 1–54, 105–157.
- Wolf Rudolf Lutz: Heinrich the Illustrious (1218–1288), Margrave of Meissen and the Ostmark (1221–1288), Landgrave of Thuringia and Count Palatine of Saxony (1247–1263) (= Erlanger studies, vol. 17). Palm & Enke, Erlangen 1977, ISBN 3-7896-0117-9 .
|SURNAME||Dietrich von Landsberg|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German nobleman|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1242|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 8, 1285|
|Place of death||Return from Poland|