Teutonic Order expels
the Brothers Vitality from Gotland.
|1398 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||846/847 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||9th house - Chicuhnahui Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 8th Feuerstein - Chicuei Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1941/42 (southern Buddhism); 1940/41 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||760/761 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||800/801 (turn of the year 12/13 September)|
|Jewish calendar||5158/59 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1708/09 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1709/10 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1454/55|
Politics and world events
Empire of China
- June 24th : After Hongwu's death , his grandson Jianwen ascends the Chinese imperial throne of the Ming Dynasty . The young emperor becomes hostile to the Ming princes when he tries to restrict their power through imperial reforms. The leader of the opposition is his uncle Zhū Dì , the Prince of Yan, after the emperor has expressly forbidden him to attend the funeral ceremonies for his father.
Timur's campaign against India
- March: Timur Lenk begins a campaign against India .
- December: Timur Lenk conquers Delhi and causes a bloodbath among the population.
Northern and Eastern Europe
With the Treaty of Salinwerder of October 12, the Teutonic Order and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania conclude a peace and border treaty to end their conflicts. In this contract, the armed conflict between the opposing parties that has lasted for over a century is to be permanently resolved. Represented by the Grand Master Konrad von Jungingen and the Lithuanian Grand Duke Vytautas , there is for the first time a fundamental consensus on the controversial Samogitia and free trade between the previously warring states in the Baltic States . The core of the contract is the complete cession of Samogitia by Vytautas to the Teutonic Order. In the following years, however, the contract turned out to be extremely fragile.
Holy Roman Empire
- January 6th : After the death of Ruprecht II , his son Ruprecht III. Count Palatine and Elector of the Palatinate and Count of Zweibrücken .
- April 26th : The first Kalkum feud begins with the trial of the citizens of Cologne against the Bergisch knight Goswin von Kemnate for robbery . The trial, like the one against Hermann von Goch, ended on May 4th with a death sentence. The judgments are carried out on May 7th and both members of the noble von Kalkum family are beheaded. Because of this beheading, the first feud letter from the brothers Zeris and Adolf von Kalkum and some other members of the family was handed over to the Cologne residents on December 20th .
Other events in Europe
- September 9th : Janus succeeds his late father James I as King of Cyprus . He becomes titular king of Armenia and Jerusalem at the same time .
- The Irish monastery of Glendalough is burned down by English troops.
- The Ottomans under Bayezid I conquer Manisa from the Saruchanids and turn the city into a sultan's residence.
First documentary mentions
- The Točník Castle in Točník in the Okres Beroun in Bohemia, built by King Wenceslas IV as a royal castle and personal official and private residence, is mentioned for the first time in a document.
- Scheuren , the North Sea island of Spiekeroog , Souboz and Tenna are mentioned for the first time in a document.
science and technology
- The Gyegu Monastery in Tibet is founded.
- November 15 : Gerhard vom Berge , Prince-Bishop of Hildesheim , dies. On November 30th, Johann I von Hoya , the previous Prince-Bishop of Paderborn , is postulated as his successor .
- In the north of Russia, the Ferapontow Monastery is founded by Saint Ferapont.
Date of birth saved
- July 25 : Francesco Filelfo , Italian scholar and humanist († 1481 )
- August 19 : Iñigo López de Mendoza , Marqués de Santillana y Conde del Real de Manzanares, Spanish statesman and poet († 1458 )
- August 31 : Jean de Valois, duc de Touraine , French nobleman († 1417 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Giuliano Cesarini the Elder , Italian canonist, diplomat and cardinal († 1444 )
- Jakob Fugger the Elder , Augsburg master weaver, councilor and merchant, ancestor of the family of the Fugger von der Lilie († 1469 )
- Diether von Gemmingen , Baden Landhofmeister († 1478 )
- Carlo Marsuppini , Italian humanist and statesman († 1453 )
- Alfonso Martínez de Toledo , Castilian writer, Canon of Toledo and Archpriest of Talavera († 1470 )
- Meinhard von Neuhaus , leader of the moderate Utraquists and castle count of Bohemia († 1449 )
Born around 1398
- William Douglas, 2nd Earl of Angus , Scottish nobleman († 1437 )
- Heinrich von Hewen , Bishop of Constance and Apostolic Administrator of Chur († 1462 )
- Wartislaw , pommern shear Prinz († 1414 / 1415 )
First half of the year
- January 6 : Ruprecht II , Elector Palatinate and Count of Zweibrücken (* 1325 )
- January 21 : Friedrich V , Burgrave of Nuremberg from the House of Hohenzollern (* around 1333 )
- January 26th : Hilger Quattermart von der Stesse , Cologne mayor and diplomat (* around 1340 )
- January 27th : Gerhard III. , Bishop of Minden (* around 1360 )
- January 31 : Sukō , Japanese emperor at the north court (* 1334 )
- February 1 : Otto III. von Schalksberg , Bishop of Minden
- March 14th : Dietrich II. , Count von der Mark, Vogt over Werden and Essen (* 1374 )
- May 2nd : Dietrich III. von Limburg-Styrum , German nobleman, Count of Limburg and Lord of Styrum (* around 1347 )
- May 7th : Hermann von Goch , Bergisch nobleman, cleric and businessman in Cologne, beheaded for robbery
- June 5 : Antoniotto Adorno , Doge of the Republic of Genoa (* around 1340 )
- June 15 : Margaret de Vere , English noblewoman
- June 24th : Hongwu (朱元璋), Emperor of China, founder of the Ming Dynasty (* 1328 )
Second half of the year
- July 6 : Giovannino de 'Grassi , Italian painter, illuminator, sculptor and builder (* between 1340 and 1350)
- July 20 : Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March , English nobleman (* 1374 )
- August 26 : Jeong Do-jeon , Korean politician of the Goryeo Dynasty and Joseon Dynasty, Neo-Confucian philosopher and writer (* 1337 )
- August 28 : Otto von Diemeringen , Alsatian canon and translator
- August: Mathieu , Vice-Count of Castelbon and Count of Foix, Vice-Count of Béarn, Marsan and Lautrec and Co-Lord of Andorra (* after 1363)
- September 6th : John de Clinton, 3rd Baron Clinton , English nobleman and politician (* around 1325 )
- September 9 : James I , King of Cyprus, titular king of Jerusalem and Lesser Armenia (* 1334 )
- October 5th : Blanka of Navarre , Queen of France (* around 1331 )
- November 15th : Gerhard vom Berge , Prince-Bishop of Verden and Hildesheim
- December 4th : Gerard Zerbold van Zutphen , Dutch theologian and writer (* 1367 )
- December 12th : Henry VII , Duke of Liegnitz, diocese administrator of Breslau and Bishop of Leslau in Kujawia (* 1355 )
- December 30th : Johann III. , Count of Sponheim (* around 1315 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Guy de Dammartin , French architect and sculptor (* 1340 / 1345 )
- Dirslaus von Schwenkfeld , Dominican and auxiliary bishop in Breslau
- Emond von Engelsdorf , Treasurer of the Duchy of Luxembourg (* 1330 )
- Henry III. von Neuhaus , highest burgrave of Bohemia
- Kadi Burhan al-Din , vizier and Atabeg the ruler of the Anatolian Beyliks Eretna and Azerbaijani poet (* 1345 )
- Ludwig I , Duke of Liegnitz, Brieg, Lüben and Ohlau (* between 1313 and 1321)
- Ofusato , founder and first king of the Kingdom of Nanzan in Okinawa