Calendar overview 1403
|battle of Vögelinsegg the Appenzell and Schwyzers defeat the troops of the abbot of St. Gallen .||
church at the court in Vienna
is completed after 17 years of construction
under several master builders
|1403 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||851/852 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||1. Rabbit - Ce Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 13th house - Matlactli omey Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1946/47 (southern Buddhism); 1945/46 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||765/766 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||805/806 (turn of the year 20/21 July)|
|Jewish calendar||5163/64 (September 16-17)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1713/14 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1714/15 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1459/60 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- April 11 : The Italian city-states of Siena and Florence settle a long-term conflict, which was also promoted by the ruler of Milan Gian Galeazzo Visconti , who died last year , by concluding peace.
- Spring: Appenzell , which has been in conflict with the St. Gallen abbot Kuno von Stoffeln since the previous year , concludes a land rights contract with the Swiss town of Schwyz . The people of Schwyz promise them military aid and experienced managers.
- May 15 : In the Battle of Vögelinsegg , the first battle of the Appenzell Wars , the Appenzell and Schwyzers defeat the troops of the Abbot of St. Gallen . With the abbot's defeat, the alliance with the Lake Constance cities immediately breaks up, and the citizens of St. Gallen now openly take the side of the Appenzell people.
- The Ennetbirgischen campaigns begin, in the course of which the Confederation and its allies conquer Ticino , Valtellina and Chiavenna over a hundred years .
Further events in the empire
- September 24th : The feud between the Lords of Schauenburg and Bernhard von Baden is settled.
- Since the English King Henry IV does not keep several promises made by him, his former partisan Henry Percy rebels together with his father Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland , and his uncle Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester , and leads a campaign against the king.
- July 21 : At the Battle of Shrewsbury , Henry IV and his son Harry of Lancaster put down the aristocratic revolt led by Henry "Hotspur" Percy after the Welsh rebel leader Owain Glyndŵr failed to support him. Hotspur is killed in battle, Thomas Percy is beheaded two days later after a brief hearing. The older Henry Percy, who did not take part in the battle, initially only loses his offices.
- After the death of his father Đurađ II , the 17-year-old Balša III. last ruler of the Zeta from the Balšić family . At the beginning, his mother Jelena had a great influence on government affairs and ensured close political ties to Serbia under Stefan Lazarević . In this way she tries to preserve the independence of the Balšić principality, which threatens to be destroyed between the great powers Venice and the Ottoman Empire .
First documentary mentions
- Pigniu is first mentioned as Pingyow .
- In England the guild of the Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspaper Makers is founded.
science and technology
- In Korea , under Emperor Sejong, metal letters are verifiably cast for printing. In contrast to Johannes Gutenberg's development around 50 years later in Europe, the casting process here takes place with the help of a lost form process .
- At the request of the procurators of San Marco , the first singing school is founded at the cathedral in Venice . The Scuola di cantofermo e figurato e contrapuntto teoretico e partice is financed by the Republic of Venice .
- Eberhard III. von Neuhaus succeeds Gregor Schenk von Osterwitz , who died on May 9th, as Archbishop of Salzburg and administrator of the Reich Prelature of Berchtesgaden incorporated into the Archdiocese . There has been a dispute with Duke Wilhelm III about this incorporation since the previous year . from Bayern-Munich .
- June 25th : Günther II von Schwarzburg is elected Archbishop of Magdeburg to succeed Albrecht IV von Querfurt , who died on June 12th .
- The church at the court in Vienna is completed after 17 years of construction under several master builders .
- Count Hermann I von Cilli founds the Pleterje Charterhouse .
- In place of the previous hermitage near Satteldorf , Hermann von Hornburg, his mother Barbara von Merkingen and Konrad von Bebenburg founded the Anhausen Monastery , which was handed over to the Pauline hermits.
Date of birth saved
- January 13 : Ulrich II. Von Rosenberg , Lord von Rosenberg and governor in Bohemia († 1462 )
- February 22nd : Charles VII , King of France († 1461 )
- June 11th : Johann IV. , Duke of Brabant († 1427 )
- July 4th : Johannes Schlitpacher , Austrian Benedictine in Melk († 1482 )
- September 1 : Ludwig VIII , Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt († 1445 )
- September 25 : Ludwig III. , Titular King of Naples, Duke of Anjou and Touraine, Count of Provence and Maine († 1434 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- ʿAlāʾ ad-Dīn ʿAlī ibn Muhammad al-Qushdschī , Islamic astronomer, mathematician and theologian († 1474 )
- Beatrix of Bavaria , Countess Palatinate of Neumarkt († 1447 )
- Elisabeth of Brandenburg , Duchess of Liegnitz and Teschen († 1449 )
- John IV , Emperor and Grand Commander of Trebizond († 1459 )
Born around 1403
First half of the year
- May 9th : Gregor Schenk von Osterwitz , Archbishop of Salzburg
- May 10 : Catherine Swynford , mistress and future wife of John of Gaunt (* around 1350 )
- May 23 : Walram von Thierstein , Lord of Pfeffingen (* before 1339)
- June 12th : Albrecht IV of Querfurt , Archbishop of Magdeburg
Second half of the year
- July 21 : Edmund Stafford , 5th Earl of Stafford (* 1378 )
- July 21 : Henry Percy , English aristocrat (* 1364 / 66 )
- before July 22nd : Johannes Frost , Bishop of Lebus, Merseburg and Olmütz
- July 23 : Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester , English nobleman, military and diplomat (* 1343 )
- August 13th : Smil Flaška von Pardubitz , Bohemian politician and writer (* 1349 )
- September 28th : Albrecht II , Count of Holstein
- October 26 : Francesco II. Gattilusio , lord of Lesbos (* around 1370 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Heinrich Beheim , Nuremberg stonemason and architect
- Boresch IX. von Riesenburg the Younger , a Bohemian nobleman from the Riesenburg family
- Đurađ II. Balšić , prince in the Zeta
- Hinrich van Hacheden , Lübeck businessman and councilor
- Jacques de Hemricourt , French writer (* 1333 )
- Petrus Zwicker , German inquisitor