John the Fearless lets Louis de Valois murder.
This triggers the civil war between the Armagnacs and Bourguignons .
|1407 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||855/856 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||5th rabbit - Macuilli Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 4th house - Nahui Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1950/51 (southern Buddhism); 1949/50 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||769/770 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||809/810 (turn of the year June 7th / 8th)|
|Jewish calendar||5167/68 (September 2/3)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1717/18 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1718/19 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1463/64 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
The assassination of Louis de Valois, duc d'Orléans near the Hôtel Barbette in Paris by agents of Duke John Fearless of Burgundy on November 23 sparked a long domestic political conflict in France , the civil war of the Armagnacs and Bourguignons .
On April 23 marries Maria d'Enghien , Princess of Taranto , King Ladislaus of Naples at St. Leonardokapelle the Castello Aragonese in Taranto. In the period before that, attempts by the king to take the Principality of Taranto by force of arms failed. With this wedding he achieved his goal in a peaceful way.
Holy Roman Empire
Imperial Italy and Tyrol
- March 8th : After the death of Francesco I Gonzaga , his son Gianfrancesco I Gonzaga follows him as Count of Mantua .
- March 28th : Henry VI. von Rottenburg , state grandmaster of Tyrol , founded the Falkenbund on Easter Monday in Bozen, together with 125 aristocrats, to allegedly protect against Appenzell and Bavaria . The aristocratic association replaces the elephant association, which was dissolved shortly before after only one year of existence, and is actually directed against the Tyrolean Duke Friedrich with the empty pocket . In addition to the aristocrats, numerous cities and municipalities are also represented by their mayors, including Meran , Tramin , Trient , Nonsberg and Pergine .
- The urban population of Trento rebelled against Prince-Bishop Georg von Liechtenstein under Rodolfo Belenzani . At the same time there were peasant uprisings on Nonsberg and in other parts of Trentino , so that Duke Friedrich IV of Tyrol was forced to intervene, turned against the bishop and expelled him from Trento.
- September 22nd : Associations of Appenzell and Feldkirchers begin during the Appenzell War with the siege of the city of Bregenz and the castle on Gebhardsberg , but are not able to break the city walls. Because of the severe winter, the federal government will soon show signs of disintegration above the lake .
- The Schwyzers , allied with the Appenzellers, begin to alienate themselves from them.
- In Stralsund , priests are burned to Stralsund ( Papenbrand thom Sunde ): After the citizens of the city of Stralsund had a dispute with their chief clergyman, the lord of the St. Nikolai Church and the Tribsees priest , Cord Bonow , he plundered on October 6th at the head of an army of 400 warriors, whom he had recruited from his aristocratic relatives, the Stralsund Feldmark . Not only are cattle stolen, they are also murdered and pillaged. This behavior outraged the people of Stralsund, especially since they were also mocked by some clergymen. The very next day the people of Stralsund rebelled, first and foremost the members of the porters' trade who were most affected by the murders, and brought the clergy shackled to the judge in Neustadt . The prisoners are driven into a house by the crowd, which is to be set on fire by them. This can only be prevented by the council by pointing out an impending danger to the neighboring houses. Thereupon three clergymen, the chaplain of St. Nikolai, the pastor of St. Marien and the pastor of St. Jakobi , are singled out from the crowd of clergy and burned on a stake . Bishop Rudolf von Mecklenburg-Stargard then proclaimed the ban against the mayor, the city council and all Stralsund residents. All spiritual acts in Stralsund are prohibited by an interdict . Pope Gregory XII. finally lifts the ban at the request of the citizens after they have erected an atonement cross at the place of the cremation and a chapel .
- Troops from Hamburg destroy the Beningaburg in Pilsum because the local chief Affo Beninga maintained friendly contacts with the Vitalien brothers under Klaus Störtebeker .
Margraviate of Meissen
- February 9th : After the childless death of Wilhelm I , his nephews Wilhelm II , the Rich, Frederick the Arguable and Frederick the Peacemaker rule the Margraviate of Meissen for the time being.
- March 30th : Konrad von Jungingen , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order , who is in increasing conflict with neighboring Poland-Lithuania , dies surprisingly in Marienburg in the Teutonic Order . On June 26th, the Chapter of the Order unanimously elects Konrad's brother Ulrich von Jungingen as the 26th Grand Master. In the election, representatives from the Reich, such as the German master Konrad von Egloffstein , as well as some representatives of the Livonian order branch due to armed conflicts with the Russian aristocratic republic of Pskov are missing . The new Grand Master significantly intensified the armaments efforts of the already militarily powerful order state.
- June 24th : After the death of the childless Theodor I , his brother, the Byzantine emperor Manuel II , appoints his ten-year-old son Theodor II as a despot of Morea .
First documentary mentions
- The places Fockenhausen , Frohnhausen , Paimar , Wangenried , Winterhagen and Desert are first mentioned in a document.
- The Banco di San Giorgio financial institution is founded in the Maritime Republic of Genoa . It will lead many of the Genoese colonies in later years . The seat of the institute is the Palazzo San Giorgio .
- 1407: The Company of Merchant Adventurers of England is founded, one of the world's first privileged trading companies .
- Gabriele Condulmer, who later became Pope Eugene IV , becomes Bishop of Siena .
- The St. Adolari Chapel at the northern tip of the Pillersee is built.
- From the monastery of La Oliva , the monastery of Marcilla is built in Navarra .
Date of birth saved
- March 15 : Jakob I , Margrave of Baden († 1453 )
- August 27 : Ashikaga Yoshikazu , fifth shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate in the Muromachi period of Japan († 1425 )
- September 21 : Leonello d'Este , Margrave of Ferrara († 1450 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Agnes , Duchess of Burgundy († 1476 )
- Magdalena Beutler , German Catholic mystic († 1458 )
- Demetrios Palaiologos , despot of Morea, ruler of Lemnos, ruler of Mesembria and ruler of Thasos († 1470 )
- Catherine of Lorraine , Margravine of Baden († 1439 )
- Ocko II. Tom Brok , East Frisian chief († 1435 )
Born around 1407
Date of death secured
- February 9 : Wilhelm I , Margrave of Meissen (* 1343 )
- March 8 : Francesco I. Gonzaga , Count of Mantua (* 1366 )
- March 21 : Philip VIII von Falkenstein , Hessian nobleman (* after 1353)
- March 30 : Konrad von Jungingen , the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order (* 1355 / 60 )
- April 3 : Ulman Stromer , German merchant (* 1329 )
- April 22nd : Olivier V. de Clisson , French feudal lord and military officer, Connétable of France (* 1336 )
- April 30th : Margaret of Pomerania , Duchess of Austria, Styria, Carinthia and Carniola (* around 1366 )
- June 24th : Theodor I , Byzantine despot of Morea (* 1355 )
- November 23 : Louis de Valois , Duke of Orléans, Count of Angoulême, son of the French King Charles V (* 1372 )