|Residents||21,548 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||399 inhabitants / km²|
|Factions||21 political groups, see administrative structure|
|Adjacent communities||Baselga di Pinè , Trient , Fornace , Sant'Orsola Terme , Civezzano , Frassilongo , Vignola-Falesina , Novaledo , Levico Terme , Tenna , Altopiano della Vigolana , Caldonazzo , Calceranica al Lago|
|Popular name||Perginesi or Perzenaitri|
Pergine Valsugana (German outdated Persen or Fersen im Suganertal ) is a municipality with 21,548 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in the province of Trento .
Located at the mouth of the Fersental in the Suganertal , the city is dominated by the history of Castel Pergine ( Persen Castle ). The spacious and sunny plain of Pergine ( Fersen ) is surrounded by mountains and wooded valleys.
The name Pergine was first mentioned in 845. When the Principality of Trento was founded in 1027, Pergine was part of the new area. Pergine belonged to the diocese of Feltre until 1786 . In 1531 the jurisdiction of Pergine was transferred to the Prince Diocese of Trento in exchange for that of Bozen .
In the first half of the 16th century, Pergine experienced a heyday due to the mining industry located here . In the 18th century, the swamps in the south of the city were drained. In 1815 the prince-bishopric was dissolved and Pergine became part of what was then Tyrol . In 1919 Pergine came to Italy with the whole of Trentino . In 1928, 13 communities in the area were incorporated into Pergine, which has been called Pergine Valsugana ever since .
In 1955, the villages of Falesina and Vignola were separated from Pergine as Vignola-Falesina .
The Pergine insane asylum was built in 1881, and many patients from today's South Tyrol were also housed in this clinic . With the reform of psychiatry in Italy (1978), the Pergine Asylum lost its importance. In 2002 it was finally closed. As part of the option in South Tyrol , many South Tyrolean patients at the institution were brought to Germany from 1940 and killed there ( euthanasia ).
Pergine has 21 fractions : Canale, Canezza, Canzolino, Ciré, Costasavina , Ischia , Madrano (dt. Maderein ), Nogaré, San Cristoforo al Lago , Santa Caterina , Serso , Susa, Roncogno, Viarago, Vigalzano, Visintainer, Zivignago, Masetti, Zava, Fontanabotte and Assizi.
Sons of the city
- Giuseppe Vittorio Alberti d'Enno (1623–1695), Prince-Bishop of Trento
- Valerius Dejaco (1914–1983), politician
- Gianpaolo Ambrosi (* 1940), luge rider
- Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- Historical overview on the website of the municipality in Italian , accessed on March 6, 2017.
- History of the Pergine psychiatric institution in Italian (PDF; 112 kB), accessed on March 6, 2017.
- On the history of psychiatry in Italy and South Tyrol , accessed on March 6, 2017