|Residents||3,161 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||45 inhabitants / km²|
View of Folgaria
Folgaria ( Cimbrian Folgrait , German Vielgereuth ) is an Italian commune ( comune ) with 3,161 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in the province of Trento , region of Trentino-South Tyrol . It belongs to the valley community Magnifica Comunità degli Altipiani Cimbri .
The Folgaria plateau is located at an altitude of 900–1000 above sea level on the southern slopes of Monte Cornetto and includes the area that extends from the wide valley furrow of the Rio Cavallo to the border of the province of Vicenza .
The first Cimbrian settlement in Folgaria dates back to the 12th century. It is assumed that the settlers came from the Thirteen Municipalities, or rather from the seven municipalities on the Sleghe / Asiago plateau, which are older in terms of settlement history . Folgaria was to the 20th century together with the neighboring municipality of Lavarone part of today only from the community Lusern existing Cimbrian language island in Trentino. Today the German dialect has been completely replaced as a mother tongue by the Italian language. Numerous field names and local names still reveal the Cimbrian history of the places.
Cimbrian was spoken in Folgaria and Lavarone until the beginning of the 20th century, but during the Fascist period (1922–1943) all Cimbrian traditions and the language in the public and private sectors were suppressed and forbidden as a result of the policy of Italianization by Mussolini and Ettore Tolomei . In the eastern fractions of Carbonare (German: Kohligen, Cimbrian: Khoulegen) and San Sebastiano di Folgaria (German: Sankt Sebastian, Cimbrian: San Sebastiå), located in the direction of Lavarone / Lafraun, there were still a few elderly people, the Slambròt, until the 1950s , a local variant of Cimbrian, spoke.