Archdiocese of Trento
|Archdiocese of Trento|
|Diocesan bishop||Lauro Tisi|
|Emeritus diocesan bishop||Luigi Bressan|
|Parishes||452 (December 31, 2014 / AP2015 )|
|Residents||530,308 ( 12/31/2014 / AP2015 )|
|Catholics||486,000 (December 31, 2014 / AP2015 )|
|Diocesan priest||356 (December 31, 2014 / AP2015 )|
|Religious priest||231 (December 31, 2014 / AP2015 )|
|Catholics per priest||828|
|Permanent deacons||28 (December 31, 2014 / AP2015 )|
|Friars||268 (December 31, 2014 / AP2015 )|
|Religious sisters||458 (December 31, 2014 / AP2015 )|
|address||Piazza Fiera 2
|Suffragan dioceses||Diocese of Bozen-Brixen|
The Archdiocese of Trento ( Latin Archidioecesis Tridentina , Italian Arcidiocesi di Trento ) is a Roman Catholic Archdiocese based in Trento . The archbishopric is spatially identical to Trentino and forms the ecclesiastical province of Trento with the subordinate diocese of Bozen-Brixen in South Tyrol .
Legend has it that Trento has been the seat of a bishopric since the 1st century, but Abundantius is the first bishop to be proven in 381 as a participant in a synod of the Western Church convened by Emperor Gratian in Aquileia . Since 952 the diocese belonged to the Holy Roman Empire . The bishops carried the title of Prince-Bishop in the Holy Roman Empire .
In the 16th century the diocese was the scene of the Council of Trent . Until 1751 the diocese of Trento was part of the ecclesiastical province of Aquileia , then the ecclesiastical province of Gorizia . In 1772 it was exempted (i.e. directly subordinated to the Pope), and from 1825 it was again suffragan (this time of the Archdiocese of Salzburg ). Since 1920 Trento was exempt again and in 1929 it was raised to an archbishopric (at that time still without suffragan dioceses).
In 1964, the German-speaking areas of the Diocese of Trento in South Tyrol - the so-called German share - became the Diocese of Bressanone, which has since been subordinate to the new Archdiocese of Trento as a suffragan diocese of Bozen-Brixen .
At the beginning of the 11th century, when King Heinrich II transferred the County of Trento (1004) , the County of Bozen (1027) and the County of Vinschgau to Emperor Konrad II, the clerical principality of Hochstift Trento was created , with which the Bishop of Trento now also received secular power over the city and a region beyond the diocese. Whereby an actual affiliation of the Vinschgau to the Hochstift cannot be proven and, if ever really given, no longer existed in the early 12th century. The county of Bozen was also lost to the Counts of Tyrol in the early 13th century.
From 1150 the counts of Tyrol were bailiffs of the bishopric, from 1253 the Meinhardiner , from 1363 with the takeover of the county of Tyrol the Habsburgs secured this office, who with the compactates further expanded their sphere of influence on the duchy of Trento. The bishopric covered a little more than half of today's Autonomous Province of Trento or an area of around 3,400 km². Until 1803, the bishopric was directly imperial and held a virile vote in the Imperial Council of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation . Around 1800 it had about 155,000 inhabitants. In 1803 it came to the County of Tyrol ( Austrian Empire ) and with Tyrol 1805–1809 to the Kingdom of Bavaria and 1810–1813 to the Kingdom of Italy . From 1814 the diocese became Austrian again , and in 1919 it fell to Italy along with South Tyrol . The use of the title " Prince Bishop " and the use of the associated secular symbols of dignity (such as the prince's hat and coat ) was approved in 1951 by Pope Pius XII. also formally abolished.
Coat of arms of the diocese or the former principality and bishopric of Trento with the Wenceslas eagle
Coat of arms of a prince-bishop with princely and episcopal heraldic symbols
St. Vigil Cathedral in Trento
Palazzo Pretorio at the cathedral, the original seat of the bishopric
Castello del Buonconsiglio , residence of the prince-bishops until 1803
- Wolfgang Wüst : Sovranità principesco-vescovile nella prima età moderna. Un confronto tra le situazioni al di qua e al di là delle Alpi: Augusta, Bressanone, Costanza e Trento - Princely canons in the early modern era. A comparison of southern and northern Alpine conditions in Augsburg, Brixen, Eichstätt, Konstanz and Trient , in: Annali dell'Istituto storico italo-germanico in Trento - Yearbook of the Italian-German historical institute in Trient 30 (2004), Bologna 2005, ISBN 88 -15-10729-0 , pp. 285-332.
- Iginio Rogger: Storia della Chiesa di Trento. Since Vigilio al XIX secolo. Trento: Il Margine 2009.
Historical monographs (by date):
- Ignatz de Luca: Tyrol: The secular area of the diocese of Trento. In: Geographisches Handbuch von dem Oestreichischen Staats. 2. Volume The countries in the Austrian district. Verlag Johannes Paul Krauss, Vienna 1790, pp. 502-515 ( Google eBook, full view ).
- Casimir Schnitzer: The Church of St. Vigilius and its Shepherds, that is: Short history of the diocese and the bishops of Trento . Eberle, Bozen 1825 ( digitized version )
- Karl Atz , Adelgott Schatz: The German part of the Diocese of Trento. Described topographically, historically, statistically and archaeologically. 5 volumes. Ferrari-Auer, Bozen 1903–1910.
- Official website (Italian)
- Entry on Archdiocese of Trento on catholic-hierarchy.org
- Sources on legal history in the early modern period
- Martin Bitschnau , Hannes Obermair : Tiroler Urkundenbuch, II. Department: The documents on the history of the Inn, Eisack and Pustertal valleys. Vol. 1: Up to the year 1140 . Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 2009, ISBN 978-3-7030-0469-8 , p. 1–3 No. 2 .
- Franz Gall : Austrian heraldry. Handbook of coat of arms science. 2nd edition Böhlau Verlag, Vienna 1992, p. 219, ISBN 3-205-05352-4 .