Konrad von Jungingen
Konrad von Jungingen (* around 1355/1360 presumably at Hohenfels Castle , today district of Konstanz , † March 30, 1407 in Marienburg ) was the 25th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order from 1393 to 1407 . He came from the Swabian nobility and was the brother of Ulrich von Jungingen , who was elected the 26th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order after Konrad.
Jungingen probably came to Prussia around 1380. There he appeared for the first time from 1387 as House Commander of Osterode . In 1390 he was elected Tressler and on November 30, 1393 by the Chapter of the Order as Grand Master.
Under Jungingen's leadership, the Teutonic Order defeated the Likedeelers who wintered on Gotland in 1398 . He had the fortifications of the privateers in Landescrone, the castle in Slite and probably also the Lojsta castle razed . From this point on, the Baltic Sea was almost free of pirates. Those who remained, including Klaus Störtebeker , fled to the North Sea . Gotland was temporarily incorporated into the religious order. In the same year Jungingen acquired Lower Lithuania ( Shamaites ) in the Treaty of Sallinweder . In 1402 he was able to acquire the Brandenburg Neumark for 63,200 Hungarian guilders.
In the interior, settlement and amelioration activities were intensified through the founding of numerous towns and villages; Among other things, the Sensburg ( Mrągowo ) settlement was established in East Prussia in 1393 , where the order had already built a wooden fortress in 1348. The further expansion of the school system was accompanied by the publication of school and specialist books. The social institutions were further expanded, such as the Marienbruderschaft and the Danzig Asylum. Konrad also promoted sacred and instrumental music.
Under Konrad von Jungingen, the monastic state reached its greatest territorial expansion and, in economic terms, its greatest boom. In doing so, the Grand Master, described as lovable and peaceable, succeeded through his careful circumspection in temporarily taking the lead from the steadily increasing opposition between the Order and Poland-Lithuania.
- CA Lückerath: Article K. v. Jungingen in the lexicon of the Middle Ages
- Bernhart Jähnig : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 12, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1980, ISBN 3-428-00193-1 , p. 517 f. ( ).
- Karl Lohmeyer : Konrad von Jungingen . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 14, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1881, pp. 718-721.
- Casimir Bumiller, Magdalene Wulfmeier: Konrad and Ulrich von Jungingen , contributions to the biography of the two German order high masters , Geiger-Verlag, Horb a. Neckar 1995
- Sebastian Kubon: The foreign policy of the Teutonic Order under Grand Master Konrad von Jungingen (1393-1407) (= Nova mediaevalia. Sources and studies on the European Middle Ages. Volume 15). V & R Unipress, Göttingen 2007, ISBN 3-8471-0537-X ( digitized from Google Books).
- Johannes Voigt : History of Prussia: from the oldest times to the fall of the rule of the Teutonic Order. ¬The time of Grand Master Konrad von Jungingen, from 1393 to 1407 , Volume 6, Königsberg 1834
- The brothers Ulrich and Konrad von Jungingen (with picture) in the history of the Jungingen community
|SURNAME||Konrad von Jungingen|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Jungingen, Konrad von; Konrad|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Grand Master of the Teutonic Order|
|DATE OF BIRTH||around 1355-1360|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Jungingen|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 30, 1407|
|Place of death||Marienburg , Teutonic Order|