Friedrich of Saxony (1473–1510)

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Friedrich von Sachsen, posthumous depiction by Lucas Cranach the Younger around 1580

Friedrich von Sachsen , also Friedrich von Wettin , (born October 26, 1473 in Torgau , † December 14, 1510 in Rochlitz ) was the 36th Grand Master of the Teutonic Order from 1498 to 1510 .


He was the third (and youngest surviving) son of Albrecht the Beherzten and Zdena (Sidonie), the daughter of Georg von Podiebrad of Bohemia († 1510 in Tharandt ).

From 1491 to 1495 he studied at the universities of Siena , Bologna and Leipzig . He then entered service at the court of Archbishop Berthold von Henneberg in Mainz, Arch Chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire.

In 1498 he joined the Teutonic Order with the sole purpose of becoming Grand Master . His official election took place on September 29, 1498. Friedrich immediately initiated an extensive and energetic reform policy to rebuild and financially recover the religious state and to protect the common people from attacks. He achieved this through increased visitations and the creation of an audit commission to control expenditure. Friedrich also ordered the establishment of a court court ("Quatember") as the highest legal instance of the state. In general, he began to restructure the religious order along the lines of a German territorial principality. Another measure was the reform of the coin system. Within a short time, Friedrich von Sachsen became one of the most popular grand masters of all.

In 1503 the Prussian state order for the systematization of laws and customs was passed. In 1507 the Prussian order of war followed to restructure the military force. This recorded around 18,000 citizens fit for military service, who were distributed among a field army of 10,000 men and castle garrisons of 8,000 men.

Due to Frederick's persistent refusal to swear allegiance to the King of Poland, the order country was threatened with war with Poland during its entire term of office. For security reasons, he therefore moved his residence to his home in Rochlitz in Saxony in 1507 . The management in Prussia was meanwhile with the Grand Commander . At the Reichstag in Worms in May 1509 he successfully challenged the Second Peace of Thor against Poland.

He died on December 14, 1510 in Rochlitz and was buried in the Princely Chapel in Meißen Cathedral.


Pedigree of Friedrich of Saxony

Friedrich III. (1332–1381)
⚭ 1346
Katharina von Henneberg (1334–1397)

Heinrich I of Braunschweig-Lüneburg (1355–1416)

Sophie of Pomerania (1370–1406)

Leopold III. (1351–1386)
⚭ 1365
Viridis Visconti of Milan (1350–1414)

Ziemowit IV.

Alexandra of Lithuania

Boček II of Podebrady (–1417)

Anna Elisabeth of Leipa



Great grandparents

Elector Friedrich I of Saxony (1370–1428)
⚭ 1402
Katharina von Braunschweig-Lüneburg (1395–1442)

Duke Ernst the Iron (1377–1424)
⚭ 1412
Cimburgis of Masovia (1394 / 97–1429)

Viktorin von Podiebrad (1403–1427)

Anna von Wartenberg (1403–1427)

Smil von Sternberg (–1431)

Barbara von Pardubitz (–1433)


Elector Friedrich II. (1412–1464)
⚭ 1431
Margaretha of Austria (1416–1486)

King George of Podebrady (1420–1471)
⚭ 1441
Kunigunde von Sternberg (1425–1449)


Duke Albrecht the Courageous (1443–1500)
⚭ 1464
Sidonia of Bohemia (1449–1510)

Friedrich of Saxony