Viktorin of Podebrady

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Viktorin von Poděbrad (also Viktorin Boček von Podiebrad , Viktorin Boček von Kunstadt and Poděbrad ; Czech Viktorín z Poděbrad , also Viktorín Boček z Kunštátu a Poděbrad ; * 1403 ; † January 1, 1427 in Pardubice ) was a Bohemian-Moravian nobleman and follower of the Hussites and father of the Bohemian King George of Podebrady .


Viktorin came from the Bohemian noble family Podiebrad . His parents were Boček II of Podebrady and Anna Elisabeth of Leipa ( Anna Eliška z Lipé ), a daughter of Heinrich von Leipa ( Jindřich z Lipé ). Sometimes he used the middle name Boček in addition to Viktorin, which was common among his ancestors.

Viktorin was first mentioned in documents in 1417 in connection with the inheritance of his father, who died that year. Viktorin inherited the Bohemian dominions Nachod and Hummel as well as Litice , which became his ancestral seat and after which he sometimes called himself lord of Litice . Together with his older brother Boček III. from Podebrady he inherited his father's Moravian possessions. The youngest brother Hynek received the Podiebrader headquarters with the associated rule. Jan, the eldest brother, died between 1407 and 1409, while his father was still alive. Together with his brother Boček III. Viktorin led several legal disputes about her Moravian possessions, among others with her distant relatives Gerald / Heralt Puška von Kunstadt and Smil von Kunstadt auf Bludov .

Around 1420, Viktorin acquired the rule of Pardubitz , which enabled him to considerably expand and round off his eastern Bohemian possessions. After his brother Hynek fell in the fighting for Nymburk in 1426 , his rule Podebrady and Kostomlaty Castle , which Hynek had wrongly appropriated in 1425, also came to Victorin.

Like his brothers, Viktorin was a supporter of the Hussites . In 1420 he took part in the siege of Vyšehrad and joined the Orebites . At the beginning of 1422 he approached Jan Žižka , whose supporter and friend he became. For this reason Litice was besieged in 1421 by the armies of the princes on the side of Emperor Sigismund and the Catholic nobility. After Žižka's death, Viktorin was one of the leaders of the orphans , but soon turned to the more moderate Prague.

His marriage to Anna von Wartenberg ( Anna z Vartenberka) had three daughters and the son Georg , who later became King of Bohemia.

Viktorin died on January 1, 1427 at his Pardubice castle , which was soon claimed by Jan Hlaváč von Ronov along with the reign of the same name.


  • Ondřej Felcman, Radek Fukala and others: Poděbradové. Rod českomoravských pánů, kladských hrabat a sleszkých knížat . Nakladatelství Lidové Noviny 2008, ISBN 978-80-7106-949-2 .

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