Boček II from Podebrady

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Boček II. From Poděbrad (also Boček II. From Kunstadt and Poděbrad , Boczek / Botschek from Poděbrad , sometimes also Boček the Elder from Poděbrad ; Czech Boček II. Z Poděbrad , Boček II. Z Kunštátu a Poděbrad , Boček starší z Poděbrad ; 1417 ) is said to have been the highest chamberlain or lower chamberlain of Bohemia from 1377-1387 . 1403-1408 he held the office of Bohemian Oberstlandschreiber.


It is not known when and where Boček II was born. His parents were Boček I. von Podiebrad and Elisabeth von Lichtenburg ( Eliška z Lichtemburka ), a daughter of Heinrich von Lichtenburg auf Žleb . Boček's father of the same name was the founder of the Poděbrad branch of the Lords of Art Town . Boček II. Is also referred to in some sources as Boček the Elder , with this addition in connection with his son of the same name Boček III. is used, who is sometimes called Boček the Younger in the sources .

Boček II was first mentioned in 1375 when the inheritance of his father, who died in 1373, was divided. Since Boček II was the first-born, he inherited the greater part of his father's possessions, which were mostly in Eastern Bohemia. 1376 he was awarded by the Czech King Charles IV. The castle Lipnice as a fief. In 1377 Boček II transferred the rulership of Bodenstadt to his wife Anna Elisabeth / Anna Eliška as a marriage property . From 1377 to 1387 he is said to have held the office of the highest chamberlain or lower chamberlain. In 1387 he acquired together with Puta d. Ä. von Častolowitz from the brothers Jan and Jaroslav von Meziříčí the Skuhrov estate and the Rychmberk castle .

During the reign of King Wenceslaus , Boček II initially stood on his side, but later turned away from him. In 1394 he was one of the nobles who, on the initiative of Margrave Jobst of Moravia, signed a joint declaration with which they turned against the king who was eventually captured. This is probably why Boček II received further possessions in Moravia from Margrave Jobst . In 1402 he again supported King Wenceslaus by opposing the candidacy of Wenceslas brother Sigismund . Presumably for this reason he obtained the position of Oberstlandschreiber von Bohemia in 1403. He was also chairman of the court and a member of the royal council.

Thanks to a mutual inheritance agreement from 1385 between Boček II and his relative Gerhard / Erhart von Kunstadt, Boček II was able to consolidate his position in Moravia after Gerhard's death in 1406. From the inheritance of Gerhard, among others, Kunstadt , Bouzov , Mährisch Trübau , Pyšolec , Boskowitz , Týnec and Billowitz fell to him. However, he soon sold some of these properties again.

At the beginning of 1415 Boček II was among the signatories of a petition with which high Bohemian nobles protested against the capture of Jan Hus . After his death by fire, Boček II signed a letter of complaint written by the Bohemian nobility in third place in the same year.

In exchange for the South Bohemian rule Bechin , Boček II acquired the dominions Nachod and Hummel in East Bohemia from Heinrich von Lazan in 1415 . Since the latter also belonged directly to Bohemia at that time, Boček II succeeded in geographically approaching the Kłodzko Land , which was to acquire great importance for his descendants as the county and seat of the sons of George of Podebrady . She and her descendants were raised to the rank of Counts of Glatz and, as dukes of Münsterberg, founded the Silesian branch of the Podiebrader family.


Boček II was married to Anna Elisabeth von Leipa ( Anna Eliška z Lipé ), a daughter of Heinrich von Leipa ( Jindřich z Lipé ). The sons came from the marriage:

  1. Jan / Johann († ~ 1408), married to Elisabeth / Eliška von Wartenberg since 1398
  2. Boček III. from Podiebrad , († 1429)
  3. Hynek Boček von Podiebrad († 1426), married to NN von Žerotín
  4. Viktorin von Podiebrad (1403–1427), married to Anna von Wartenberg


  • Ondřej Felcman, Radek Fukala and others: Poděbradové. Rod českomoravských pánů, kladských hrabat a sleszkých knížat . Nakladatelství Lidové Noviny 2008, ISBN 978-80-7106-949-2 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. This information is questioned in the more recent research. See the cited literature on this: Ondřej Felcman et al., P. 55