Lipnice Castle

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Lipnice Castle
Lipnice Castle

Lipnice Castle

Creation time : Early 14th century
Place: Lipnice nad Sázavou
Geographical location 49 ° 36 '50.5 "  N , 15 ° 24' 47.8"  E Coordinates: 49 ° 36 '50.5 "  N , 15 ° 24' 47.8"  E
Lipnice Castle (Czech Republic)
Lipnice Castle
Lipnice Castle, aerial photo (2018)

The Lipnice Castle (German Lipnitz Castle ) belongs to the municipality of the same name Lipnice nad Sázavou in Okres Havlíčkův Brod in the Czech Republic .


The Lipnice Castle was built at the beginning of the 14th century by the Moravian governor Raimund von Lichtenburg , who also owned the nearby Deutschbrod . The castle was first mentioned in 1314 when a burgrave Bernhard was named. In 1316 Heinrich von Lichtenburg ( Jindřich z Lichtenburka ) pledged Lipnitz to the Bohemian King John of Luxembourg . When the latter came into the possession of Lipnitz in 1319, he signed it over to the powerful and influential Heinrich von Leipa as compensation for the Zittau left to the king . After Heinrich's death in 1329, his sons inherited his property, who in 1335 housed King John and his son, Margrave Charles IV, at Lipnitz Castle . As king, Charles IV came to the castle and rule of Lipnitz, to which he granted city rights in 1370. In 1376 he sold both to the lords of Kunstadt , who sold them to Witiko von Landstein ( Vítek z Landštejna ) in 1379 , who presumably died a year later. Heir was his eldest son Wilhelm ( Vílém ), who also referred to himself as Wilhelm von Lipnitz ( Vilém z Lipnice ) after the Lipnitz Castle , which King Wenceslas transferred to him under inheritance law. After Wilhelm's death in 1398, the castle and rule of Lipnitz passed to his daughter Katharina / Kateřina, who was married to the Count of Prague, Vincent von Wartenberg . Due to his marriage and Katharina's early death, their possessions fell to him. After his death in 1425, Lipnitz came to Ulrich II von Rosenberg . He lost his Lipnitz property to the Taborite Jan Smil von Křemže . After Ulrich captured him in 1436 and died at Krumlov Castle , the Lipnitz rule passed to the Hussite Nikolaus I. Trčka von Lípa , who died in 1453. His son Burian was a supporter of King George of Podebrady . His son of the same name, Burian II Trčka von Lípa, rose to be the under chamberlain of Bohemia. At the beginning of the 15th century, he and his son Jan converted Lipnitz Castle into a residence in the late Gothic style.

In 1561, Lipnitz was acquired by Count Franz von Thurn, who had the castle rebuilt in the Renaissance style. His son Heinrich Matthias von Thurn was born in 1567 at Lipnitz Castle. In 1593 the castle and manor were acquired by Jan Rudolf Trčka von Lípa , whose fortune was acquired by Emperor Ferdinand III in 1634 a year after his death . was confiscated. In 1636 Lipnitz was bought by the Burgundian nobleman Matthäus Vernier de Rougemont and Orchamp, imperial chamberlain and colonel sergeant, in 1645 after the battle of Jankau the Swedish general Robert Graf Douglas occupied the castle and had it largely destroyed. After further changes of ownership, Lipnitz came to the Trauttmansdorff in the 19th century , for whom the castle only served as an administrative seat. In 1869 a fire destroyed large parts of the castle, which was no longer inhabited. In order to prevent further deterioration, repair and safety work began in 1913. In 1924 the castle was acquired by the Czechoslovak Tourist Club (KČT). The repair work continued until 1953, when the castle became state property. Partial reconstruction took place in the 1970s and 1980s.

Web links

Commons : Lipnice Castle  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Genealogy