View over the Svratka valley to the remains of the castle
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The ruins of the Pyšolec Castle (German Pysselecz , also Pisschelitz ) are located one kilometer north of Kobylnice in the Okres Žďár nad Sázavou , Czech Republic . It is a lookout point over the deeply cut Svratka valley with the dams Vír I and Vír II .
The hilltop castle is located in the Nedvědická vrchovina hills in the southern part of the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands on a wooded knoll on the right side above a bend of the Svratka river . The small Vír II dam is located at the foot of the castle ruins . To the northwest is the village of Vír , north Věstín and Věstínek , northeast Malé Tresné, east Bolešín, southeast Koroužné , south Kobylnice and southwest Pivonice . The ruins of Aueršperk and Zubštejn are in the immediate vicinity .
The castle was probably built in the 13th century. It is believed that the name of the castle derives from the name of the knoll or river bend. Pysselecz was first mentioned in writing in 1350 as Philipp / Filip the Elder. J. von Pernstein sold the ruin with the associated villages to Ješek von Kaunitz with the proviso of reversion in the event of death. This came shortly afterwards and in 1359 Philipp / Filip exchanged the rule of Pysselecz with Margrave Johann Heinrich for Dunajov . Together with Ješek von Boskowitz , Johann Heinrich had the desolate castle restored. In 1437 Duke Albrecht sold his share of the Pysselecz reign to Jan von Lomnitz auf Zubstein. In 1446 Johann von Pernstein acquired the Pysseleczer estates. In the second half of the 15th century, the castle fell into desolation during the Bohemian-Hungarian War.
The castle was protected on three sides by the Svratka and was also on a steep knoll that fell to the north over rocks to the river. The only one leading from the southwest to the castle road was by three, up to 20 meters deep and 40 meters wide grave sites with drawbridges secured. Another moat led around the castle.
The stump of the keep with a diameter of eleven meters and a central shaft 1.20 meters wide has been preserved. Remains of the first ditch are also visible.
- L. Hošák, R. Šrámek, Místní jména na Moravě a ve Slezsku I, Academia, Praha 1970, II, Academia, Praha 1980th