Trčka from Lípa

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Coat of arms of the Trčka of Lípa

The Trčka von Lípa (German: Trtschka von Leipa , also: Terzka von Leipa, Tersky von der Lippe ; Trczka von Leipa ; Czech Trčkové z Lípy ) were an ancient Bohemian noble family of the same tribe and coat of arms with the Vladiken Salawa von Lipa ( Salavové z Lípy ), which appears first in the documents with Mathäus dictus Salawa de Lipa , lord of the Skály castle in Eastern Bohemia.


The uninterrupted lineage begins with Nikolaus Trčka of Lípa ( Mikuláš Trčka z Lípy ; † 1453), an influential Hussite leader . Two branches of the family descend from his two sons Burian I ( Burian Trčka z Lípy ; † 1468) and Nicholas II ( Mikuláš II. Trčka z Lípy ). Since the Hussite Wars they have been among the most distinguished noble families in Bohemia. At the end of the 16th and up to the beginning of the 17th century, they owned extensive manors in eastern and central Bohemia.

Bohemian gentry was established in 1567 for Jaroslav Trčka of Lípa. 1593 for the brothers Maximilian, Burian and Nikolaus Trčka von Lípa elevation to the imperial count status with special privileges and the Great Palatinate (primog.) Vienna June 9th 1630. The Bohemian count status confirmation took place in Regensburg June 22nd 1630 with diploma July 6th 1630th for Johann Rudolph Trczka Freiherr von der Lippe.

coat of arms

Divided twice in black-silver-red. On the crowned helmet with black and silver covers on the right, red and silver covers on the left, two buffalo horns, red on the right and silver on the left. Each one on the outside with six alternating silver and red flags lined up one above the other.


  • Nikolaus I. Trčka von Lípa ( Mikuláš ; † 1453), lord of the Hummel Castle in the Kłodzko Land, was involved in important political matters. In 1436 he acquired the rule of Lipnitz with Lipnitz Castle , later the headquarters of his family. In 1440 he was chosen to represent the four East Bohemian districts in the election of a king. When Georg von Podiebrad was elected as provincial administrator in 1452 , Nikolaus was appointed his co-regent. He acquired, especially in the Bohemian Highlands , the goods Wlaschim with Castle Vlašim (later seat of the younger line) Trhový Štěpánov , Dolní Kralovice , Křivsoudov, Načeradec , Svetla nad Sazavou , Deutschbrod , Pilgram , Louňovice and Herálec in Bohemia and Merzenstein in Lower Austria . His son:
    • Burian I. Trčka von Lípa († 1468), at Lipnicz and Lichnice Castle (Lichtenburg), Utraquist leader , took part in the battle of Aussig in 1426 and was married to Dorothea von Holohlaw . The couple had two sons: Nikolaus II. And Burian II., In Žampach Castle and Humpoletz, provincial chamberlain in Bohemia, on 29/30. Died May 1522 in Prague, buried in Lipnicz; married to Katharina, daughter of Haymann von Lichtenburg auf Miletín and his wife Katharina Freiin von Kloditz.
      • Nikolaus II. Trčka von Lípa († April 3, 1516), son of Burian I acquired other extensive estates, including Opočno (where from 1560–1569 Wilhelm Trčka built a three-winged Renaissance chateau instead of the castle, the Opočno chateau ), Hermannstädtel , Ritschan , Lichtenburg , Světlá nad Sázavou , Habry , Chotěboř , Hohenbruck , Smiřice and Polná as well as the former possessions of the Seelau monastery . He was pledge lord of the Duchy of Opava and governor of Bohemia; married to Katharina Freiin von Schellenberg ( z Šelmberka ) and Kost (* October 9, 1485, † 1507 walled in because of infidelity). Their daughter Elisabeth married Burkhard Freiherr von Kolowrat-Nowohradsky.
        • Nicholas III Trčka from Lípa and Lichtenburg , Opočno and Dobruška , governor of Bohemia, inherited from his father Nicholas II in 1509. He gave the town of Dobruška ( Gutenfeld ) in East Bohemia town rights and the right to hold an annual fair. In 1511 he received the reigns of Tetschen , Kamnitz and Bensen , which he sold to the von Saalhausen brothers shortly before his death on April 3, 1516 .
          • Burian III. on Kumburg , Swietla and Reichenau an der Knieschna , his son and heir, state sub-chamberlain in the Kingdom of Bohemia, † May 15, 1591, married in 1st marriage to Katharina Countess von Guttenstein- Vrtba (noble family) , daughter of Wolf Count von Vrtba and Anna Raupowsky von Ruppau; 2nd marriage to Marianne Wanczura von Rzehnicz, daughter of Siegmund Ritter Wanczura von Rzenicz and Marianna Kaplirz de Sulewicz . There are six children from the two marriages. From the 1st marriage: 1) Johann Rudolph Graf (RGf 1629, Bohemian Count 1630) Trčka von Lípa and 2) Margaretha, † 1644; from the 2nd marriage 3) Maximilian Freiherr von Trčka von Lípa (dd1593); 4) Burian IV. Br. Trčka from Lípa (dd 1593), on Smiřice, † after 1594; 5) Nikolaus Frhr. Trcka von Lipa (dd 1593), died unmarried before 1597 and 6) Veronika, died before 1617.
            • Jan Rudolf Trčka von Lípa (1557–1634), founder of the count's house, Count Palatine, imperial councilor and governor of the Kingdom of Bohemia. He became one of the largest landowners in Bohemia through the acquisition of confiscated property from Protestant emigrants. After his death, all property was confiscated due to a high treason trial. Whose eldest son:
              • Adam Erdmann Trčka von Lípa (~ 1599, died on February 25, 1634 in Eger ), Imperial Chamberlain and Colonel General, was part of his brother-in-law, the Imperial Generalissimo Wallenstein , tried to pull him to the Swedish Protestant side and was with him in imperial order killed.

Branch of the Vlašim family

  • Nicholas the Elder, brother of Nicholas II (d. J.), settled on Vlašim, this family branch existed until 1569.
  • Wilhelm / Vilém (1532–1569), son of Nikolaus Trčka von Lípa and Johanna von Schellenberg ( Johana ze Šelmberka ); Captain of the Königgrätzer Kreis ; married in 1555 Barbara († 1585), daughter of Hieronymus von Bieberstein ( Jeroným z Biberštejna ) and Anna Popel von Lobkowitz ; was raised to the nobility in 1562.

The Salavá branch of the Lípa family

  • The progenitor of this branch of the family was Matěj ( Mathias ) Salava, who had owned the East Bohemian Castle of Skály since 1393 , from which his son of the same name inherited it. He was a follower of the Taborite Jan Kolda of Žampach . Together with this and other allies he took part in 1433 in Kolda's campaign against Choceň , which ended with the slaughter of 70 Choceňern. From his castle Skály, Matěj Salava made forays into Silesia , which is why the castle was bought by them in 1447 and subsequently destroyed. This branch is said to have existed until 1741. Other possessions were Borowan in Moravia, Perssteynecz, Bahno, Mallesow and Strzezeticz.


Individual evidence

  1. Bohemian Landtafel Hall Books band 32a, pp 451
  2. Bohemia Landtafel room books Volume 44, p 371
  3. ^ Procházka novel : Genealogical handbook of extinct Bohemian gentry families. Neustadt an der Aisch 1973; Trczka von Lipa family line with further references, pp. 322–326, ISBN 3768650022
  4. ^ The coats of arms of the Bohemian nobility. J. Siebmacher's large book of arms, volume 30, Neustadt an der Aisch 1979, Trcka von Lipa, page 177 f., Armorial table 77, ISBN 3879470308