|State :||Czech Republic|
|Historical part of the country :||Bohemia|
|Region :||Středočeský kraj|
|Area :||3370 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||14,186 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||290 01|
|License plate :||S.|
|Street:||D 11 : Prague - Hradec Králové|
|Railway connection:||Kolín – Děčín|
|Mayor :||Jaroslav Červinka (as of 2018)|
|Address:||Jiřího náměstí 20 / I
290 31 Poděbrady
Poděbrady (German Podiebrad ) is a city in the Central Bohemian Region in the Czech Republic . It is located on the right bank of the Elbe , eight kilometers southeast of the district town of Nymburk , and is also known as the spa.
Poděbrady arose at a ford across the Elbe, which has been used as a trade route from Prague to Silesia since ancient times . The Czech place name can be translated as Unter den Forden . In 10./11. In the 17th century the area belonged to the hinterland of Libitz Castle . Podebrady was first mentioned in writing in the 12th century.
In the second half of the 13th century, King Přemysl Otakar II had a stone castle built on the site of today's castle, where he held negotiations with Duke Ulrich of Carinthia in 1268 . A market settlement developed around the castle, which quickly gained importance due to its location on the important trade route. Under King John of Luxembourg , Podiebrad came to various pledges, most recently to Hynek Žleb von Lichtenburg († 1351), whose daughter Elisabeth was married to Boček I von Kunstadt and Podiebrad before 1351 . As a result of the marriage, Boček came into the possession of the then pledge lordship of Podebrady. After he received Podiebrad as hereditary property from King Charles IV of Bohemia, he was the first to call himself from Podebrady . Since his descendants were part of the Hussites , both the emperor and the Taborites and the orphans tried to get Podebrady to themselves. Georg von Podiebrad gave the place city rights, which were confirmed by his sons after Georg's death in 1472. In 1495 the heirs of Heinrich d. J. Podiebrad and the rulership of the same name cede to King Wladislaw II , who in turn pledged Podiebrad several times. King Ferdinand I redeemed Poděbrady in 1542 and had the castle converted into a Renaissance palace in 1548.
During the Thirty Years War , Swedish and Saxon troops looted and pillaged the city. The town hall and most of the wooden houses were destroyed in the fire in 1681. It was then decreed that in future only brick houses could be built on the town square. The fires of 1800 and 1832 again destroyed large parts of the city, which thereby lost its medieval townscape. In 1835 Podebrady had 2834 inhabitants. It remained in the possession of the royal chamber until 1839.
In 1839 the castle and the manor were acquired by the Viennese banker Georg Simon von Sina (1783–1856). By marriage in 1884 the castle came to the princes of Ypsilanti . The last residents were Princess Chariklia, a great-granddaughter of Sina, and her husband Philipp Ernst zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst . In 1921 a transmission system for the Czechoslovak Radio for overseas telegraphy in the long-wave range was built east of Podebrady , both of which are 150 meter high transmission masts.
The area of the Poděbrad thermal baths extends in the northwest of the city center. It developed after the German dowser von Bülow suspected a strong water vein in the courtyard of the castle in 1905. A 96.7 meter deep borehole ultimately led to the discovery of a mineral spring containing carbon dioxide-containing water. The first bathing season could be opened in 1908. Heart and circulatory diseases are treated.
The town of Poděbrady consists of the districts Kluk, Poděbrady I, Poděbrady II, Poděbrady III, Poděbrady IV, Poděbrady V, Polabec ( Polabetz ), Přední Lhota ( Vorder Lhota ) and Velké Zboží ( Great Sbosch ).
- The Poděbrady Castle was built on the site of the original castle from the 12th century.
- The Holy Cross Church is one of the oldest churches in the city. In 1449 Kunigunde von Sternberg , the first wife of George of Podebrady, was buried here. A stone tombstone commemorates the builder Giovanni Battista Aostalli , who was buried here in 1575. In 1875–1898 the church was rebuilt in the neo-Gothic style.
- The old town hall was originally built in the 16th century.
- The new town hall was built in 1905/06 in the neo-renaissance style.
- The equestrian monument of King George of Podebrady was created by Bohuslav Schnirch in 1896.
- The Marian column was erected in 1765.
- The miner's church of the Assumption of Mary is supposed to commemorate the executed Kuttenberg miners.
- Spa gardens
sons and daughters of the town
- George of Podebrady (1420–1471), King of Bohemia
- Sidonie of Bohemia (1449–1510), Duchess of Saxony
- Jan Bašta (1860–1936), engineer and researcher
- Rudolf Fuchs (1890–1942), German-Czech poet and translator
- Hans Janowitz (1890–1954), German author
- Julie Kafková (1856–1934), née Löwy, mother of Franz Kafka
- Ludvík Kuba (1863–1956), painter, musicologist, folklorist
- Sophie Pataky (1860–1915), biographer
- Nikolaus von Pelgrims (1385–1460), bishop, chronicler and diplomat
- Meinhard von Neuhaus (1398–1449), Oberstburggraf
- Jaroslav Řídký (1897–1956), composer
- the brothers Ctirad and Josef Masin , controversial anti-communist resistance fighters
- Jiri Brazda (born May 9, 1952 in Teplice), Czech painter, graphic artist and bookplate artist, lives in Podebrady
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- Susanne Sodan: New shine for Sidonie's castle , Sächsische Zeitung, Freital, August 30, 2013, p. 8 and New shine for the castle of the king's daughter Sidonie , Free Press, Freiberg, August 30, 2013, p. 10