|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Středočeský kraj|
|Area :||1640 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||3,234 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||289 12|
|Street:||Prague - Poděbrady|
|Railway connection:||Poříčany – Nymburk|
|Mayor :||Cecilie Pajkrtová (as of 2007)|
|Address:||Palackého nám. 1
289 12 Sadská
Sadská is a city in Okres Nymburk in the Czech Republic. It is located about 7 kilometers southwest of Nymburk on the left side of the Šembera in the Elbe lowlands and belongs to the Central Bohemian region .
On a hill above an important trade route from Prague to Silesia , a prince's court was built - presumably on the site of an earlier Slavic festival - where court days were held in the 12th century. In 1124, on his first mission to Pomerania, Bishop Otto von Bamberg stopped in the Benedictine abbey of "Seizka" before crossing the Elbe towards Breslau and Gniezno. On the court day of 1189 in Sadska the statutes of Duke Conrad III. Otto ( Statuta ducis Ottoni ), which is one of the oldest Czech legislation.
In the immediate vicinity of the royal court, Duke Bořivoj II founded the collegiate monastery of St. Apollinaris . Emperor Charles IV moved this to the New Town of Prague in 1362 , where it found a new home on the Windberg ( Větrná hora ). A monastery of the Augustinian canons is documented in Sadska for 1363 .
A market settlement developed below the hill, which King Ferdinand I raised to a royal chamber town in 1562 . In 1665 and 1712 the town was devastated by fires. In the 18th century, bathhouses and bathing facilities were built around a mineral spring, but they later lost their importance. Emperor Joseph II made Sadska a royal camera town in 1784.
- The parish church of St. Apollinaris ( Kostel Sv. Apolináře ) was built around 1370. It was baroque between 1737 and 1739 according to plans by Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer .
- The Chapel of Our Lady of Sorrows ( Kaple Bolestné Panny Marie ) near the former spa was built in 1714–1721. The construction plans come partly from Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer. Between 1775 and 1779 the small chapel was rebuilt and enlarged.
- The plague column on the market square is from 1748.
- Baroque city bell tower from 1691
- Joachim Bahlcke , Winfried Eberhard, Miloslav Polívka (eds.): Handbook of historical places . Volume: Bohemia and Moravia (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 329). Kröner, Stuttgart 1998, ISBN 3-520-32901-8 , pp. 539-540.