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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Rochlitz
Map of Germany, position of the city of Rochlitz highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 3 '  N , 12 ° 48'  E

Basic data
State : Saxony
County : Central Saxony
Management Community : Rochlitz
Height : 163 m above sea level NHN
Area : 23.76 km 2
Residents: 5710 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 240 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 09306
Primaries : 03737, 034346
License plate : FG, BED, DL, FLÖ, HC, MW, RL
Community key : 14 5 22 490
City structure: Core city, 6 districts
Association administration address: Markt 1
09306 Rochlitz
Website :
Lord Mayor : Frank Dehne (independent)
Location of the city of Rochlitz in the district of central Saxony
Altmittweida Augustusburg Bobritzsch-Hilbersdorf Brand-Erbisdorf Burgstädt Claußnitz Döbeln Dorfchemnitz Eppendorf Erlau (Sachsen) Flöha Frankenberg/Sa. Frauenstein (Erzgebirge) Freiberg Geringswalde Großhartmannsdorf Großschirma Großweitzschen Hainichen Halsbrücke Hartha Hartmannsdorf (bei Chemnitz) Königsfeld (Sachsen) Königshain-Wiederau Kriebstein Leisnig Leubsdorf (Sachsen) Lichtenau (Sachsen) Lichtenberg/Erzgeb. Lunzenau Mittweida Mühlau (Sachsen) Mulda/Sa. Neuhausen/Erzgeb. Niederwiesa Oberschöna Oederan Ostrau (Sachsen) Penig Rechenberg-Bienenmühle Reinsberg (Sachsen) Rochlitz Rossau (Sachsen) Roßwein Sayda Seelitz Striegistal Taura Waldheim Wechselburg Weißenborn/Erzgeb. Zettlitz Zschaitz-Ottewig Sachsenmap
About this picture

Rochlitz is a large district town in the district of Central Saxony in the Free State of Saxony . It is the seat of the Rochlitz administrative community with the member communities of Königsfeld , Seelitz and Zettlitz . With almost 6000 inhabitants, Rochlitz is the smallest Saxon town with the status of a major district town.


View of Rochlitz with the Rochlitz mountain

Geographical location

The city lies on the Zwickauer Mulde and at the foot of the Rochlitzer mountain with the Rochlitzer porphyry pending and mined there . The city ​​was badly affected by the flood of the century in August 2002 . The closest regional centers are Chemnitz, around 25 kilometers as the crow flies, and Leipzig and Zwickau, each around 45 kilometers .

City structure

The districts of Rochlitz have been the previous communities of Noßwitz with their district Hellerdorf, Penna with their district Stöbnig and the Steudten district of Zaßnitz since 1994 . In 1995 the municipality of Breitenborn with its district Wittgendorf was added. The Poppitz community was incorporated in 1950.

Neighboring communities

Adjacent communities are (clockwise) Königsfeld , Zettlitz , Seelitz and Wechselburg in the district of central Saxony and Geithain in the district of Leipzig .

Precipitation diagram


The average annual precipitation from 1961 to 1990 is 678 mm and is therefore in the middle average range of all German measuring points all year round. In April, August and September the precipitation is just above the German average, in the other months below it. The driest month is February, with the most rainfall in June.


Rochlitz Castle from the north-west

middle Ages

As early as the Middle Slavic period, i.e. in the 9th to 10th centuries, there were several village settlements in today's urban area. The place name ( Old Sorbian name Rochelinzi ) was derived from these settlements . In the 10th century there was a royal castle, which the king lent to them in 968 after the establishment of the Meissen margraves. Margrave Ekkehard I must have been the owner of the castle, as it appears in the possession of his son Hermann in 1009, who was not yet margrave and was in a dispute with Margrave Gunzelin von Kuckenburg, the successor of Ekkehard I. Gunzelin's troops set the castle on fire in 1009 , for which Gunzelin was deposed and Hermann Markgraf was, as Thietmar von Merseburg reports in his chronicle (Book VI, Chapter 53). Accordingly, the castle was no longer just a simple earth ring wall, but had advanced wooden structures and palisades. After Hermann, his brother Margrave Ekkehard II owned the castle. He died childless, and King Henry III. moved his fiefdom and the Burgward (castle district) Rochediz back in 1046 and generously donated it to his own wife, Queen Agnes, as the royal document H III, no. 162 reveals. Probably at the end of the 11th century, a market and merchant settlement with the Petrikirche arose below Rochlitz Castle and east of the Suburbium in the area of ​​today's Mühlplatz with the high house, which is certainly related to the location on the Zaßnitz ford through the Mulde. At the same time, Thietmar von Merseburg named Rochlitz a "city". In the 19th century this area was still called the Old City . Also in the 11th century, a farm yard supplying the Reichsburg was laid out in the northern part of today's urban area with the Keßling castle wall in today's Rochlitz district of Poppitz , which was later relocated to Königsfeld (Saxony) .

The Kunigunden Church, built from 1417 onwards, and the Untertor (1839)

Around 1200, under Count Dedo V. dem Feisten or one of his sons Dietrich (1190–1207) and Konrad (1207–1210), possibly only under Margrave Dietrich von Meißen (from 1210), the legal town of Rochlitz with the city church of St. Kunigunde was founded . The city complex stands out in particular for its elongated street market, which has an analogy in the nearby Geithain . Archaeological excavations and preserved Romanesque remains such as the windows on the west tower bar of the Kunigunden Church allow statements to be made about its original building, a transeptless short basilica from the same period. Despite its central location at the lower end of the market, the older St. Peter's Church , located extra muros (outside the city fortifications), also functioned as a parish church for the western parts of the city until the Reformation . During urban archaeological investigations, finds from the late 12th / early 13th century were found in the area around the Kunigunden Church, while the areas further to the west were evidently built on after some time lag.

Rochlitz was probably not surrounded by a city wall until the late 13th century; before that only ramparts, moats and bridges existed. In 1288, the wall was first mentioned on the occasion of a partial collapse. The city of Rochlitz itself is first mentioned in 1336, the council in 1360. The earliest verifiable seal of the city with the inscription sigillum civitatis rochlizensis hangs on a document from 1364. 1367–73 the renewal of the city wall and the erection of the outer city wall took place. Before 1379 the council acquired the lower jurisdiction . In 1380 the city was granted the bleaching privilege and a second state bleaching facility was set up next to Chemnitz. In 1430 the Hussites invaded the city of Rochlitz. The city flourished in the 15th century. In 1464 the upper court was acquired and the soft area was expanded . In the late Gothic period , the Kunigunden Church was rebuilt from 1417 to 1476 using Romanesque structures in the west. The two ceramic figures of Heinrich II and Kunigunde date from around 1476, inside the church shows furnishings from the early 16th century. (Carved altar from 1513). For the period around 1500 a number of about 2000 inhabitants is assumed.

Early modern age

Rochlitz (1650)

In 1537, Duchess Elisabeth introduced the Reformation to Rochlitz . The "old" cemetery with ossuary in the area of ​​today's Clemens-Pfau-Platz was laid out as early as 1534 . In 1538, the construction of a Latin school (demolished in 1876, now the library building) began on the abandoned Kunigunden cemetery, which was rebuilt in 1595 with funds from Sophies von Brandenburg . In 1563, a new hospital church (Holy Spirit Church) was added to the ensemble (demolished in 1904). In the first half of the 16th century, the "Mittelzeile", located east of today's market and town hall, was built, probably instead of wooden junk stalls, which meant a significant reduction in the size of the former sub-market. On March 2, 1547, the Battle of Rochlitz in the Schmalkaldic War took place at the gates of the city , the most important military success of the united Protestant armed forces before the devastating defeat in the Battle of Mühlberg . In Rochlitz there are three cases of witchcraft and sorcery in witch hunts from 1556–1608 . A man was executed in a witch trial , two fates are unknown.

During the Thirty Years War , the city and castle were besieged and captured several times. In addition, the city was ravaged by a fire in 1632. Another big city fire hit the citizens again in 1681. During the subsequent reconstruction, the ridge was pivoted to the eaves-side houses. From 1682 Rochlitz was a garrison town for an infantry unit. At the beginning of 1691 the German craft surgeon , surgeon and star engraver Johann Andreas Eisenbarth ("Doctor Eisenbarth", 1663–1727) stayed in Rochlitz for about 4 weeks . The three-tower front of the Kunigunden Church dates from 1688/89, the baroque porch was added in 1709 and housed the Kunigunden library, the city's first public library. In the middle of the 18th century Rochlitz was connected to the emerging Saxon postal system. This is evidenced by two reconstructed post-distance columns from the former upper and lower gate (at the upper gate already renewed after an accident in 1820 - original part from 1723 in the neighboring town of Zettlitz - and reproduced at the lower gate with a rediscovered original block from 1723), from 1734 (1743?) There was a post office and more regular Postal traffic. In 1769 a wool manufacture was established in Rochlitz.

19th and 20th centuries

Rochlitz (1835)

Another city fire raged in 1802, the reconstruction of the city changed the picture greatly. The town houses on the market and the tower of the Kunigunden Church (1804) date from this period. He found his conclusion with the new building of the town hall 1826-1828. In 1816 the first stone bridge was built over the Mulde, and from 1830 the demolition of the city fortifications began. In 1834 a general city order was issued. A new hospital was built in 1854, and in the middle of the 16th century the previous hospital was given generous consideration in Elisabeth von Rochlitz's will. Until 1856 Rochlitz was the administrative seat of the Electoral Saxon or Royal Saxon Office of Rochlitz . The offices were dissolved during the administrative reforms carried out in the Kingdom of Saxony in the 19th century . As a result, Rochlitz came under the administration of the Rochlitz City Court Office in 1856 and in 1875 under the newly established Rochlitz District Administration .

The Wilhelminian era also meant a considerable upswing and a considerable expansion of the city for Rochlitz. These include: 1872 connection to the railway network, 1874–76 new construction of the “1. Bürgererschule "(Mulder School), 1885 demolition of the" Powder Tower ", city expansion from 1889 towards the train station, Bismarckstrasse construction, 1889/90 construction of the" Imperial Main Post and Telegraph Office ", 1895 of the" Royal Saxon Teachers' College ", 1897 of the war memorial the Topfmarkt (until 1942) etc. In the " Golden Twenties ", the small settlement ("Gartenstadt") with the street "Am Anfang" was laid out in 1922 and a second Rochlitz gasworks was built at Mönchswinkel in 1922/23. The market fountain, which was created in 1929 by the well-known Dresden sculptor Prof. Georg Wrba (1872–1939), is a special attraction .

In the “Third Reich” , the National Socialists were able to gain a foothold in the city council early on and, in 1934, oust the mayor Rudolf Herrmann, who was not affiliated to the party, with the help of a political intrigue. Adolf Hitler became an honorary citizen of the city as early as 1933 , as did Paul von Hindenburg . Today's Muldenbrücke was built in 1933/1934 and named after the Reich Governor Martin Mutschmann . In 1936 the “Rochlitz Landscape Festival - 1000 Years of German” was celebrated. The awkward title reveals that this is a historical construct. The actual reason was less the very far-fetched historical event - the Rochlitz area had come under German rule under King Heinrich I , who died in 936 at the latest - than concrete economic reasons, above all the promotion of tourism . The initiative for this did not come from the National Socialist rulers, but from the chairman of the Rochlitz history association and honorary director of the museum, Albert Bernstein. From 1938 onwards, the armaments industry moved into the city with “Mechanik GmbH”, and the Rochlitz satellite camp (a satellite camp of the Flossenbürg concentration camp ) with around 600 imprisoned Jewish women was probably operated here from September 19, 1944 to March 28, 1945 . There is no commemoration in the city for these women who had to do forced labor at Mechanik GmbH , but the history of the camp was published by Pascal Cziborra in the publication “Women in the concentration camp - possibilities and limits of historical research using the example of the Flossenbürg concentration camp and its satellite camps “Worked up.

Muldenbrücke Rochlitz, information board meeting of the Allies April 1945

The city was liberated from National Socialism on April 14, 1945 by units of the 76th Infantry and 6th Panzer Divisions of the 3rd US Army . The Mulde formed the demarcation line between the Americans and the Russians until the Americans withdrew from the city on June 30, 1945 and continued westwards towards Thuringia to Hesse. From mid-May, Red Army troops were located near the bank of the Mulden in the village of Döhlen . A memorial plaque was attached to the Muldenbrücke in April 2003 to commemorate the liberation of the city and the occupation of the area. After the war, the larger companies were expropriated from July 1945. The later three large companies (VEB Elektroschaltgeräte Rochlitz, VEB Stern Radio Rochlitz and VEB Orsta-Hydraulik) of the city emerged from these companies .

In the GDR era, Rochlitz experienced a considerable increase in the number of inhabitants and expansion into the surrounding area through the construction of the residential areas "Am Friedenseck" ("Sternsiedlung") 1955–1961, "Am Regenbogen" 1960–1965, "Wilhelm-Pieck-Straße" 1977/1978 and "Am Eichberg" from 1982/1983 in Poppitz. The majority of the population worked in the three large companies VEB Elektroschaltgeräte Rochlitz (1952–1991), VEB Stern-Radio Rochlitz and VEB Orsta-Hydraulik. With the closure of these three factories after the fall of the Wall , Rochlitz, like almost all industrial locations in Eastern Germany, had to cope with a major structural change. As a result of the second district reform in the GDR in 1952, Rochlitz became the district town of the Rochlitz district in the Chemnitz district (renamed Karl-Marx-Stadt district in 1953 ), which was continued as the Saxon district of Rochlitz from 1990 and in the newly formed district of Mittweida in 1994 and 2008 rose in the Central Saxony district. Due to the loss of the district seat in 1994, Rochlitz was named a major district town on April 1, 1997 .

View over the market square


Former parish date annotation
Breitenborn 01/01/1995
Hellerdorf before 1875 Incorporation to Noßwitz
Noßwitz 01/01/1994
Penna 01/01/1994
Poppitz 07/01/1950
Groggy 07/01/1950 Incorporation to Penna
Wittgendorf 07/01/1950 Incorporation to Breitenborn
Zassnitz 07/01/1950
Incorporation to Steudten,
reclassification to Rochlitz

Population development

Despite the incorporation of several districts in the 1990s, the number of inhabitants is falling continuously. In addition, with an average age of 48.8 years, Rochlitz is the city with the oldest inhabitants in central Saxony.

year Residents
1834 3828
1846 4411
1858 4596
1871 5368
1880 5760
1890 6186
1910 6363
year Residents
1925 6218
1933 6307
1939 6154
1981 7700
1990 8590
1999 7853
2005 6712
year Residents
2007 6616
2010 6216
2011 6221
2012 6142
2013 6046
2015 5905
2017 5786

Population development of Rochlitz.svgPopulation development in Rochlitz from 1834 to 2017 according to the data opposite


Administrative history

For several centuries Rochlitz was the seat of institutions of territorial and judicial administration.

With the “General Instructions to the District and Officials” of June 22, 1816, the city became the seat of the Rochlitz Office of the II. District Administration of Leipzig from 1816 . In the course of the reorganization of the Kingdom of Saxony , the Rochlitz office was renamed the Rochlitz office in 1835, which was now part of the newly named Leipzig district directorate. With the Organization Act of April 21, 1873, however, the designation district directorate was abolished again in 1874 and Rochlitz was now the seat of the Rochlitz district administration of the Leipzig district administration. In the Third Reich, the administrative names were changed again in 1939. Rochlitz was now the seat of the district of Rochlitz in the administrative district of Leipzig . However, this district was short-lived, both in terms of name and size. In 1952, the states in the GDR were dissolved and the districts were introduced as the middle administrative level. Likewise, as part of a major district reform, the layout of the former districts changed, in some cases very strongly. The Rochlitz district was also created with the Rochlitz district town in the Karl-Marx-Stadt district. The competent administrative authority was now the council of the Rochlitz district. With the accession of the GDR to the FRG and the re-establishment of federal states and districts, there was finally a Rochlitz district office from 1990 to 1994, which administered the Rochlitz district. With the creation of the Mittweida district , in which the Rochlitz district merged, the centuries-old importance and function of Rochlitz as the administrative center ended.

View from the castle, for centuries the seat of the Office Administration , about the city

The oldest records of the administration of justice exist so far from 1436. They say that the city council was the owner of the higher and lower jurisdiction as well as the owner of the inheritance jurisdiction in Köttern, Poppitz and Spernsdorf, the so-called council villages. The next proof can only be produced from the year 1834. This year, with the introduction of the General City Code, the Rochlitz City Court became an independent authority alongside the City Council. In 1835 a council district court was also established for the judicial affairs of the council villages. Around 1850, rooms for the judiciary were set up in Rochlitz Castle, where they remained until 1990. The complex was expanded to include a cell building for the remand prison, which was built on the castle in 1852 and was used in its function until 1961. The most prominent prisoner was August Bebel. In 1855 the council district court and in 1856 the city court were merged into the newly established Rochlitz justice office . However, this did not last long. As early as 1856, the Rochlitz court office was established as the successor to the local justice office on the basis of the law on the establishment of the first instance authorities for the administration of justice and administration of August 11, 1855. In the same year, the Rochlitz Royal District Court was set up with jurisdiction over the Rochlitz, Colditz, Geithain, Geringswalde, Hartha, Leisnig and Penig judicial districts, but this only existed until it was dissolved in 1860. From October 1879 the Rochlitz District Court was created as the successor to the legal affairs of the Rochlitz court office. After the Second World War, the district court resumed its activities on December 6, 1945. In 1952, as part of a judicial reform, the Rochlitz District Court was created as the successor to the local court. After the political change in the GDR, the district court moved from the castle in 1990 to the vacated building of the former SED district leadership in Rochlitz. With the dissolution of the Rochlitz district in 1994, the Rochlitz District Court was also dissolved.

City council election 2019
in percent
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
A total of 18 seats
*Shaping the Rochlitz Citizens' Initiative together e. V.

City council

In the local elections on May 26, 2019 , the citizens' initiative Rochlitz joined forces. V. as a newcomer the second best election result. With five seats in the Rochlitz City Council, it is now the second largest parliamentary group. The turnout rose significantly from 50.8 to 63.7 percent.

List of mayors since 1834

  • 1834–1855: Gottfried Graichen
  • 1855–1871: Ernst Caspari
  • 1871–1896: Adolf Ludwig Körner
  • 1896–1919: Paul Gustav Schilling
  • 1919–1924: Gottfried Richard Grieshammer
  • 1924–1933: Rudolf Herrmann
  • 1934–1942: Max Walther ( NSDAP )
  • 1942–1945: Emil Starke (NSDAP)
  • 1945: Walter Trebs (NSDAP)
  • 1945–1947: Walter Schwarze ( KPD / SED )
  • 1947–1949: Albert Seidel ( LDPD )
  • 1949–1951: Walter Petzold (LDPD)
  • 1951–1952: Herbert Hagemeister (LDPD)
  • 1952–1953: Hans-Werner Schicha (LDPD)
  • 1953–1958: Otto Meese (LDPD)
  • 1958–1964: Karl Krauße (LDPD)
  • 1964–1974: Herbert Glaßl (LDPD)
  • 1974–1979: Martin Ficker (LDPD)
  • 1979–2008: Joachim Knappe (LDPD / FDP)
  • 2008–2015: Kerstin Arndt ( FDP )
  • since August 1, 2015: Frank Dehne (independent)

In the mayoral election in 2015, the non-party individual Frank Dehne prevailed against the incumbent mayor in the second ballot and thus ended the 68-year-old era of LDPD or FDP mayors in Rochlitz.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the city of Rochlitz
Blazon : "In gold (yellow) a tinned black wall with an open gate and a protruding red pointed roof, on both sides of the tower floating above the walla black half-brooch turned outwards."
Foundation of the coat of arms: the city ​​wall and tower stand for defensibility and city law. The markings , two half roches , put together form a roch, the (today's) figure of the rook in chess, whose castling is supposed to improve the position of the king's figure . The heraldic halving of this common figure is unique in Europe.

Town twinning

Rochlitz maintains a partnership with the city of Nettetal ( Viersen district , North Rhine-Westphalia). The reason for this partnership was that at that time (before the downgrading of sections) Nettetal was at the beginning and Rochlitz at the end of Bundesstraße 7 . Another partnership exists between Rochlitz and the Polish city of Sokółka in the Podlaskie Voivodeship .

Culture and sights


As Rochlitz suffered no war damage, the small town has been preserved in its original structure to this day and, despite fires, is characterized by late medieval sacred buildings and Renaissance houses. The former townscape consisting of a marketplace that has been built around without a road network is rare for Saxony.

The eastern end of the Rochlitz market with its patrician houses forms the classicist town hall from 1828. Two streets behind it is the Kunigunden Church , a very important late Gothic (1417–1476) hall church .

For Rochlitz Castle back is St. Peter , a late Gothic church (1470-1499). The exterior of the two-tower castle itself with its late Gothic chapel has largely been preserved in the state of construction of the 14th and 15th centuries.

Several sculptures in the city were made from Rochlitz porphyry.

One of the more recent noteworthy buildings is a Soviet memorial from 1958 on the former place of the German-Soviet friendship, on which Soviet prisoners of war and forced laborers were originally buried, who were later reburied in Chemnitz .

There are also two (electoral) Saxon post distance columns at the former Obertor (renewed in 1820, original part from 1722 in Zettlitz) and at the former Lower Gate (1722), a walled-in electoral Saxon quarter milestone and a reconstructed electoral Saxon all-mile column from 1722 on the property at Chemnitzer Strasse 1, as well as a partially reconstructed royal Saxon milestone (around 1860) not far from the Muldenbrücke.

Zaßnitzer footbridge

"Swing Bridge" (1902)
Entrance with cashier's booth

The oldest city view from 1628 shows a footbridge over the Mulde. To get to their fields on the Zaßnitzer Mulde side, Rochlitz farmers built a jetty at the ford in 1502. He was secured and guarded by the high house. In 1534, 1573, 1595, 1618, 1656 and 1661 it was torn away by floods . After that, a ferry replaced the jetty for over 200 years . In August 1855 a boat capsized in stormy weather; three out of eleven people drowned.

In 1889 Julius Kötz, a farmer from Zaßnitz, had a hanging walkway built on a rope. A small fee was charged for use. The mill owner Schlobach later took over the pier and leased it. In the 20th century Bertha Kötz (1927) and a Mrs. Eichhorn from Zaßnitz were the last tenants before the footbridge came into municipal administration in 1936.

The money-collecting booth stood for a long time. At the end of 1940, the footbridge users found the reduction in the bridge fee as a Christmas present. Use was free of charge at Easter 1942. On April 14, 1945 the jetty was blocked by the invading United States Army and guarded by soldiers. With the entry of the Red Army on July 2, 1945, the jetty was opened again.

After surviving the floods of 1919, 1932 and 1947, the pier was torn away in July 1954. A Mr. Weiß from Zaßnitz made himself available for the ferry service for months. Rochlitzer and Zaßnitzer built an emergency pier in self-help. The city ​​council did not help; rather he kept the floor covering of the footbridge and stored it in the building yard. In 1958, a new, significantly higher footbridge was built 30 m from the old site. After the flood in August 2002 , the bridge was extensively renovated in 2006. After the flood in June 2013 , the Zaßnitzer Steg was temporarily closed.

Natural monuments

The Friedrich-August-Turm on the Rochlitzer Berg


  • BSC Motor Rochlitz - fourth largest sports club in central Saxony
  • VfA Rochlitzer Berg
  • Karate-Do Rochlitz
  • Angelsportverein Rochlitz e. V.
  • Fistball club 1906 - Fistball BSC Motor Rochlitz
  • Vater-Jahn Stadium
  • Municipal swimming pool
  • Privileged Rifle Society of Rochlitz 1456 e. V.


  • Open youth center scene Rochlitz
  • Municipal swimming pool

Economy and Infrastructure


Porphyry bridge, over which the B 107 and B 175 lead

Road traffic

The federal road 7 to Gera begins in Rochlitz . In addition, federal highways 107 ( Chemnitz - Grimma ) and 175 ( Zwickau - Döbeln ) cross in Rochlitz .

Rochlitz has been connected to the A 72 via the junction of the same name since December 22, 2011 . This is about 9.5 kilometers southwest of the city center. By extending the motorway in the direction of Leipzig to Borna in August 2013, Rochlitz can also be reached via the Geithain junction . The rest of the route to Autobahn 38 ( Leipzig-Süd junction ) is currently under construction or in planning.


The urban bus traffic is carried out by REGIOBUS Mittelachsen GmbH with the R line.

Rail transport

The Rochlitz Station was a side rail hub with routes to Großbothen the north and Glauchau in southwest ( Muldentalbahn ) by Waldheim ( Waldheim-Rochlitz railway ) to the east, according to Chemnitz (Muldentalbahn and Chemnitz Valley Railway ) to the south and to Narsdorf ( rochlitz-penig railway ) in West, but in the meantime passenger traffic has ceased on all routes (to Waldheim 1997, to Chemnitz 1998, to Großbothen 1999, to Narsdorf 2000, to Glauchau 2001). The next train stations that are still served are Geithain and Narsdorf on the main line Leipzig – Chemnitz .


Public facilities

  • The hospital, which together with the Mittweida hospital belongs to the district-owned company, ceased inpatient operations at the end of 2015
  • employment exchange
  • Police station
Secondary school "An der Mulde"


  • Rainbow Primary School Rochlitz
  • Johann-Mathesius-Gymnasium Rochlitz
  • Secondary school “An der Mulde” Rochlitz, built 1874–1876 as “1. Citizen School ",
  • Rochlitz vocational school center
  • Learning support school Johann-Heinrich-Pestalozzi


Trabi on the Muldentalbahn


Sorted by year of birth

sons and daughters of the town

Monument to Johann Mathesius

Personalities who have worked on site

  • Friedrich von Sachsen (1473–1510), Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, relocated the Grand Master's seat to Rochlitz in 1507–1510
  • Michael Lohr (1591–1654), composer, was temporarily active as a cantor in Rochlitz
  • Theodor Gotthold Thienemann (1754–1827) Superintendent of Rochlitz from 1817 to 1827
  • Conradin Kreutzer (1780–1849), composer, visited the city frequently between 1845 and 1848 because his daughter Cäcilie had married the Rochlitz factory owner Alexander Winkler
  • Franz Heisterbergk (1799–1850), lawyer and politician, member of the Frankfurt National Assembly, MdL (Kingdom of Saxony)
  • Carl Gottlieb Haubold (1783–1856), entrepreneur, is considered the father of mechanical engineering in Chemnitz, died in Rochlitz
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Putzger (1849–1913), educator, author of the historical atlas of the same name, was temporarily headmaster in Rochlitz
  • Bruno Steglich (1857–1929), agricultural scientist, from 1883 to 1887 agriculture teacher in Rochlitz
  • Johannes Döhler (1878–1915), archdeacon at St. Kunigunden
  • Lothar-Günther Buchheim (1918–2007), writer, painter, art collector and art book publisher, spent his childhood from 1924 to 1932 in Rochlitz
  • Udo Baumbach (* 1935), museum director of Rochlitz Castle from 1959 to 2000
  • Kurt Starke (* 1938), sexologist, graduated from high school in Rochlitz in 1956


  • Udo Baumbach : The street names of the city of Rochlitz. A lexicon on city history. Sax-Verlag, Beucha 1994, ISBN 3-930076-06-3 .
  • Friedrich Bode: Chronicle of the city of Rochlitz and the surrounding area. Verlag Friedrich Bode, Rochlitz 1865 ( scan in Google book search).
  • Samuel-Gottlieb Heine: Historical description of the city and county of Rochlitz in Meissen. Verlag Johann Christian Martini, Leipzig 1719 ( scan in Google book search).
  • 1000 years of Rochlitz. Festschrift. Sax-Verlag, Beucha 1995, ISBN 3-930076-16-0 .
  • Hans Joachim Kessler: "... given to Rochlitz". A historical foray through the castle and town of Rochlitz. Geiger-Verlag, Horb am Neckar 1995, ISBN 3-89570-040-1 .
  • Richard Steche : Rochlitz. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 14th booklet: Amtshauptmannschaft Rochlitz . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1890, p. 54.


  • Tradition of the Rochlitz City Court for the period 1681–1855 on court and local administration, criminal, civil and voluntary jurisdiction, church affairs, detachments, court books and court records is in the Saxon State Archives, Leipzig State Archives, stock 20622 City Rochlitz (City Court).

Web links

Commons : Rochlitz  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Rochlitz  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019  ( help on this ).
  2. Ernst Eichler , Hans Walther (ed.): Historical book of place names of Saxony. Volume II. Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-05-003728-8 , p. 291.
  3. Grauns, Capar Heinrich / Heinen, Samuel Gottlieb: Historical description of the old town and Grafschaff Rochlitz in Meissen . Leipzig 1719, p. 9-10 .
  4. Manfred Wilde: The sorcery and witch trials in Saxony. Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 2003, p. 561.
  5. ^ Karlheinz Blaschke , Uwe Ulrich Jäschke : Kursächsischer Ämteratlas. Leipzig 2009, ISBN 978-3-937386-14-0 ; P. 58 f.
  6. ^ The Rochlitz district administration in the municipal register 1900
  7. a b c d State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Area changes.
  8. Statistical Bureau of the Royal Ministry of the Interior (ed.): Directory of communities and places for the Kingdom of Saxony. 1904.
  9. a b c d Federal Statistical Office (Ed.): Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states. Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
  10. a b c d Ministry of the Interior of Saxony (ed.): Lists of the municipalities incorporated since May 1945 and evidence of the subdivision of the independent manor districts and state forest districts. 1952.
  11. ^ The Rochlitz city arms. In:, accessed on June 5, 2019.
  12. ^ The Rochlitz city arms. In:, accessed on June 5, 2019.
  13. Manfred Meis: Farewell to the B 7. (No longer available online.) In: RP Online . August 2, 2010, archived from the original on February 6, 2015 ; Retrieved August 7, 2012 .
  14. Clemens Pfau : The "High House" in Rochlitz. 1925.
  15. Rochlitz High House. In: Image index of art and architecture . Retrieved June 5, 2019.
  16. a b c d Hans-Jürgen Köttnitz, Rochlitz History Association.
  17. ^ Chronicle of Steudten.
  18. LMK has to cease in-patient operations at the Rochlitz hospital site by December 18, 2015. Communication from the Mittweida Hospital gGmbH district. (No longer available online.) In: November 9, 2015, archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; accessed on June 5, 2019 .
  19. 20622 City of Rochlitz (City Court). In: State Archives Leipzig. Retrieved March 27, 2020 . (Info text under "Introduction")