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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Waldheim
Map of Germany, position of the city of Waldheim highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 4 ′  N , 13 ° 1 ′  E

Basic data
State : Saxony
County : Central Saxony
Height : 266 m above sea level NHN
Area : 41.71 km 2
Residents: 8951 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 215 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 04736
Area code : 034327
License plate : FG, BED, DL, FLÖ, HC, MW, RL
Community key : 14 5 22 570
City structure: Core city; 4 districts

City administration address :
Niedermarkt 1
04736 Waldheim
Website : www.stadt-waldheim.de
Mayor : Steffen Ernst ( FDP )
Location of the town of Waldheim in the district of central Saxony
Altmittweida Augustusburg Bobritzsch-Hilbersdorf Brand-Erbisdorf Burgstädt Claußnitz Döbeln Dorfchemnitz Eppendorf Erlau (Sachsen) Flöha Frankenberg/Sa. Frauenstein (Erzgebirge) Freiberg Geringswalde Großhartmannsdorf Großschirma Großweitzschen Hainichen Halsbrücke Hartha Hartmannsdorf (bei Chemnitz) Königsfeld (Sachsen) Königshain-Wiederau Kriebstein Leisnig Leubsdorf (Sachsen) Lichtenau (Sachsen) Lichtenberg/Erzgeb. Lunzenau Mittweida Mühlau (Sachsen) Mulda/Sa. Neuhausen/Erzgeb. Niederwiesa Oberschöna Oederan Ostrau (Sachsen) Penig Rechenberg-Bienenmühle Reinsberg (Sachsen) Rochlitz Rossau (Sachsen) Roßwein Sayda Seelitz Striegistal Taura Waldheim Wechselburg Weißenborn/Erzgeb. Zettlitz Zschaitz-Ottewig Sachsenmap
About this picture
View of Waldheim and Zschopau from the step mountain
Waldheim during the floods in June 2013

Waldheim is a small town in the district of Central Saxony . It was the seat of the Waldheim administrative community until it was dissolved in 2013 .


The city lies in a basin of the deeply cut Zschopau , below the Kriebstein dam .

City structure

Waldheim's districts are:

  • Waldheim - urban area
  • Reinsdorf
    • Neumilkau
    • Four houses
  • Massanei
  • Schoenberg
  • Heiligenborn
    • Neuschönberg
    • Unterrauschenthal
    • Oberrauschenthal
    • Gilsberg
  • Gebersbach
  • Heyda
  • Knobelsdorf
  • Meinsberg
  • Neuhausen
    • Imperial Castle
  • Rudelsdorf

Neighboring communities

Adjacent places are the towns of Hartha , Döbeln and Geringswalde and the municipality of Kriebstein .


In 1198 the name Waldheim was first mentioned as "a place on the salt road from Halle to Bohemia". In 1271 the castle was first mentioned in a document, which was under the rule of the Markmeißn region . In 1286, Waldheim received city ​​rights . In 1324 Margrave Friedrich the Serious enfeoffed Burgrave Otto von Leisnig with Waldheim and accessories. Since 1364 Waldheim was owned by Friedrich, Herr von Schönburg , who united the dominion of Waldheim in 1395 with the dominion of Kriebstein . In 1537, the Reformation was introduced by Elisabeth von Rochlitz , whose Wittum included the rule of Kriebstein and Waldheim. In 1549 the monastery, founded in 1405, was dissolved. In 1588 the Saxon elector Christian I acquired the rule of Kriebstein with Waldheim and integrated it into the Rochlitz office . Under Elector August the Strong , the badly dilapidated castle was converted into a breeding , poor and orphanage . The house, which opened in 1716, has existed to the present day as a Waldheim correctional facility .

Waldheim around 1900

From April 25, 1813, Napoléon Bonaparte marched from Erfurt through what was then Saxony and on October 25, 1813 back and from Erfurt to France. On May 6, 1813, he and his troops entered Waldheim. In his entourage were 15 marshals and generals, over 400 other officers, almost 3,000 subordinates, men, servants and around 600 horses, various carriages, wagons and cannons. He stayed in the house of the cloth maker Riehle, which after its renovation since 2017 has housed the municipal collection of Georg Kolbe's work as a museum .

In 1852 the Riesa – Chemnitz railway line opened , at which Waldheim was given a train station.

Waldheim has been administered by the Waldheim court office since 1856 and by the Döbeln district administration since 1875 . From May 7 to May 9, 1945, Waldheim was a city divided between the Allied US and the Soviet Union, before it fell completely to Russia on May 10, 1945 and the Americans withdrew. In 1952 the city became part of the Döbeln district in the Leipzig district , which in 2008 became part of the central Saxony district. During the GDR era, VEB Typodruck Oschatz ran a children's holiday camp in the Massanei district .

Economic history

The town's main economic activity was originally agriculture, weaving and cloth making. The woodworking industry, the shoe industry, the soap and cosmetics production, like cigar production, did not add until the 19th century. In 1827 the Leipzig merchant Wilhelm Thost is said to have set up the first cigar factory in the Waldheim penal institution. A few years later, Kommerzienrat Konrad Adolph Weißker (June 7, 1810 - February 23, 1881) joined the company as a partner, and from 1838 - outside the institution - he trained workers to make cigars . Thus he was the "founder of the free cigar industry". The raw tobacco was initially obtained from the Palatinate using horse-drawn vehicles. Since 1856 at the latest, Adolph Weißker has also been the founder of the Waldheim cigar house industry; today it would be called home work.

The companies CA Döring (1848), CF Günther (1852) and Br. Fritsch (1854) were also founded as a result of Adolph Weißker's economic commitment, as well as companies such as Altmann (founded in 1858 as Riehle & Co.), Pause & Leonhardt ( 1878) or master chefs, whose founders had also worked at Weißkers. In 1881, the year of his death, the cigar industry founded by Adolph Weißker employed a fifth of all residents of Waldheim. Waldheim's cigar industry expanded at the time of their marriage to neighboring towns such as Hartha, Geringswalde, Mittweida, Döbeln, Frankenberg and, from the mid-1930s, to Rochlitz. It came to an abrupt end with the state-ordered overall relocation of tobacco production from cigars to Thuringia at the end of the 1960s.

The Waldheim pharmacist Adolf Heinrich August Bergmann invented dental soap as a forerunner of toothpaste. This dentifrice was initially made from soap. In 1852 he founded a small soap factory, in 1889 the Waldheim perfumery and toilet soap factory was entered in the commercial register as one of the first cosmetics companies in Germany. After 50 years of existence, you could look back on an assortment of around 800 articles. On the company's 50th anniversary, the company had 75 employees in Waldheim, and by 1928 it had supplied almost all of Europe, North and South America and South Africa. The dentifrices remained the core of production during and beyond the Great Depression.

Even though the name Florena was registered as a trademark by the Reich Patent Office in Munich as early as 1920 , it took many years before it reached a broad public as a cream. After the Second World War , the company became publicly owned. The name changed to " VEB Rosodont-Werk " in Waldheim. It was not until 1955 that the first Florena cream came onto the market with the slogan “Florena ... I feel good in my skin”. In 1989 the name of the company changed to Florena Cosmetic GmbH. The brand remained successful and products have been exported to over 35 countries since 1998. Florena had been a 100 percent subsidiary of Beiersdorf AG since 2002 until the companies merged in 2012. Today the Waldheim location operates under the name “Beiersdorf Manufacturing Waldheim GmbH”.

The tin toys from Waldheim come from probably the oldest manufacturer, the company " Rock & Graner ". It was based in Biberach an der Riss in Baden-Württemberg . The company was born in 1813 when it emerged from the trading company "Wißhack" in Biberach an der Riss. It was named after Christoph Gottfried Rock, who retired in 1825, and his brother-in-law Johann Wilhelm Graner. From 1826 the brothers Julius and Heinrich Graner ran the company, which already employed over 100 people in 1837 and which presented products such as dollhouses, money boxes, tin castles, carriages, carriages and ships at the London World Exhibition in 1851 and thus attracted a great deal of attention. At the beginning of 1896 Oscar Egelhaaf took over the company, whose company was renamed “Rock u. Graner's Successor ”was changed. Production was expanded to include railways that were operated with a clockwork or friction drive - again a novelty, which was to be followed by a few more, of which, for example, the remote control of model railway switches was registered as a utility model.

In 1904, however, production was stopped, there were too few orders and manual production was replaced by machine production options; Egelhaaf had missed the development. The company was last liquidated in 1905 and deleted from the commercial register in 1907 . After the liquidation, parts of the company's equipment and tools were passed on to Georg Kühnrich, who continued to build trains and cars with clockwork and sold them under the name “Mech. Toys ”sales. The factory expanded after the First World War and employed 250 workers. One can say that his toy production impressed worldwide with its attention to detail and its constant technical and design development, at the same time it made Waldheim known as a location far beyond the borders of what was then Germany, and that it made a significant contribution to making the German tin toy industry a global trademark allow. This entrepreneur died in 1929 and with him the company's history. Years later, the production facilities were owned by the company "Bellmann & Seifert", which had nothing to do with the production of tin toys , but promoted the toy production in Waldheim in a different way by producing the BOB toy from Heinrich Huft for a few years took over.

Heinrich Huft, who came from Waldheim by choice, (born October 11, 1889 in Kassel, died June 27, 1960 in Innsbruck) developed the “Building without Binder” (BOB) system in the early 1950s, in which the stones were held together without binding agents he gave them pimples - a novelty. His idea was to develop building blocks from limestone powder and water glass - initially as a teaching aid for the building trades. From this the famous toy for children developed. The building blocks were made in a ratio of 1: 7, in two different colors (white and red) and in several sizes. At the same time, roof tiles were made from PVC foil, later from cardboard. In order to give the whole thing stability towards the bottom, a base plate was included with the kit. In addition, doors and windows were made of colored cardboard or “arch stones” for connecting the windows.

The concept developed by Heinrich Huft after 1946 was used for many years in the universities of the GDR specializing in architecture and construction. In the economy of shortages, it was an effective means of building cheaply for training purposes. Own production facilities followed and the concept triumphed as a popular toy. As a result, the BOB plug-in kits were shown at the Leipzig trade fair as well as at the toy fair in Nuremberg, and then delivered beyond the GDR to the FRG and other parts of the world. After his retreat to West Germany, a Mr. Döring took over the management of his company in Waldheim. Heinrich Huft died only three years later, the company was dissolved, but production was continued for a few years by the company "Bellmann und Seifert".

The Kurt Schwabe Institute for Measurement and Sensor Technology eV is also located in Waldheim and was founded by its namesake (since 1990) Kurt Schwabe (May 29, 1905 - December 4, 1983) in 1944 under the name “Research Institute for Chemical Technology” . Until the end of the Second World War, the institute was part of today's "Kübler & Niethammer Papierfarbrik Kriebstein AG", in which Schwabe was the head of research.

Ludwig Albert Julius Niethammer (September 29, 1833 - April 17, 1908) leased an oil, barley, saw and paper mill in Kriebstein with his brother-in-law Friedrich Kübler (1833–1865). As early as 1860/61 they set up the world's first pulp factory in Georgenthal near Johanngeorgenstadt, thus turning the wood pulp, invented in 1845, into factory-made production. In 1867 the leased paper factory was acquired, in 1883 another wood grinding shop was built in Albertsthal near Johanngeorgenstadt and shortly afterwards the cellulose factory in Gröditz near Riesa. The facilities in Kriebstein were continuously expanded. In 1880 the group already comprised ten companies, which together had around 1,000 employees. After 1945, however, the works were expropriated, dismantled and transported to Russia. In 1953 the reconstruction took place at the instigation of the then government of the GDR. Since July 2, 1990, the company has been operating under the old name and is owned by the descendants of the previous owners.

Waldheim also held a unique position in the furniture industry. It was Friedrich August Ludwig (1819–1879) who is considered the founder of the Waldheim furniture industry. At the beginning of its production, the chairs produced were still sold in the "peddler trade". The possibilities of today's penal institution and the penal institution at that time were then also in this economic area that gave the company a boost - cheap labor, also in the required number. The company grew, the premises were relocated and expanded. The exact ownership structure after the death of the founder Friedrich August Ludwig in 1879 is little known.

In addition, other furniture factories developed in Waldheim, including the company founded as a joinery by Carl Ernst Louis Rockhausen in 1866, which split into two independent companies in 1933, had to take a state stake in 1961 and was reprivatised in 1990. Today the company exists under the name "Ernst Rockhausen Söhne KG". The company "Waldheimer Möbel-Fabrik Hunger & Kegel" is said to have been bought by this company before 1913, which can only be assumed based on the address book of the time.

In 1883 the company "Carl Gotthelf Otto and Emil Bernh. Zimmermann ”, which apparently had more than just one plant in Waldheim. It was already back then that was known for all kinds of folding chairs and thus also laid the basis for the activities of the later “VEB Sitzmöbelwerke” (also VEB Sitzmöbel). Before 1945, their customers included the German Opera House in Berlin, the auditorium of the University in Bonn and the Great Congress Hall in Munich.

In 1950 the companies "FA Ludwig", "A. Walde ”and“ Otto & Zimmermann ”- by order of the state - amalgamated into“ VEB Sitzmöbelwerke ”. Upholstered furniture continues to be produced, but Waldheim production focuses on folding chairs for lecture halls, theaters, cinemas and sports facilities - as the only company in the GDR. In some parts of the prison inmates in Waldheim were busy. Thanks to their cooperation, the prices of the products could be kept low, and so the "Möbelkombinat Hellerau", which also included the "VEB Sitzmöbelwerke" in Waldheim, succeeded in shipping upholstered furniture worth 35.3 million currency marks to the West in 1973 deliver, after all, for 23.2 million in the Federal Republic. It is interesting in this context that one of the most important furniture designers of the GDR, Rudolf Horn, comes from Waldheim


Former parish date annotation
Gebersbach January 1, 1970 Merger with Knobelsdorf to Gebersbach-Knobelsdorf
Gebersbach-Knobelsdorf January 1, 1994 Merger with Ziegra to Ziegra-Knobelsdorf
Gilsberg before 1875 Incorporation to Heiligenborn
Heiligenborn August 24, 1973
Heyda July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Knobelsdorf
Knobelsdorf January 1, 1970 Merger with Gebersbach to Gebersbach-Knobelsdorf
Meinsberg 1st January 1973 Incorporation to Ziegra
Massanei 1st January 1974
Neuhausen July 1, 1950 Incorporation to Meinsberg
Neumilkau (with four houses) before 1875 Incorporation to Reinsdorf
Neuschönberg before 1875 Incorporation to Heiligenborn
Rauschenthal (upper and lower) before 1875 Incorporation to Gilsberg
Reinsdorf January 1, 1994
Richzenhain June 1, 1905 Partial incorporation, part reclassified to Hartha
Rudelsdorf September 15, 1961 Incorporation to Gebersbach
Schoenberg April 1, 1968
Ziegra-Knobelsdorf January 1, 2013 Partial amalgamation, part reclassified to Döbeln

Population development

Development of the population (from 1960 December 31) :

  • 1834: 3.385
  • 1933: 12.507
  • 1946: 12,721 1
  • 1950: 12,588 2
  • 1960: 11,387
  • 1981: 10.811
  • 1984: 10,452
  • 1998: 9,576
  • 1999: 9,524
  • 2000: 9.432
  • 2001: 9.247
  • 2002: 9.217
  • 2003: 9.110
  • 2004: 9,081
  • 2007: 8,711
  • 2011: 8,296
  • 2012: 9,235
  • 2013: 9,239
Data source from 1998: State Statistical Office Saxony

1 October 29th
2 August 31st



City council

Since the municipal council election on May 26, 2019, with a turnout of 59.3%, the 18 municipal council seats have been distributed among the individual groups as follows:

Local elections in Waldheim 2019
Party / list Seats
CDU 6th
The left 3
AfD 3


Steffen Blech was the mayor from 2001 to 2015. In the election in June 2015, Steffen Ernst (FDP) received 51.8% of the vote, Steffen Blech (CDU) 37 percent and the candidate of the left, Tim Fechner, 11.2 percent.

coat of arms

Blazon : "On a blue sign with three narrow golden frames, a golden tower with two side extensions and a central structure with red roofs and three golden crosses."

Town twinning

Waldheim maintains town twinning with Landsberg am Lech in Upper Bavaria and Siófok (Hungary).

Economy and Infrastructure

Florena Werk (2012)


Waldheim is the headquarters of Beiersdorf Manufacturing Waldheim GmbH (formerly Florena ), a long-established manufacturer of body care products, which also includes brands such as Nivea , Labello and Tesa .

Transport links

Waldheim station

The Waldheim station is located on the Riesa-Chemnitz railway and is of Elsterwerda and Chemnitz out with trains running hourly regional trains operated. From 1893 to May 31, 1997 there was a rail connection to Rochlitz and between 1896 and 1998 the freight rail line to Kriebethal . At the turn of the millennium there was a direct DB Regional Express connection between Chemnitz and Berlin , which led via Waldheim. From December 10, 2006, the Vogtland-Express of the Vogtlandbahn operated via Waldheim from Hof to Berlin. However, this connection was discontinued on October 1, 2012 due to rising energy and infrastructure costs, which could no longer be covered by the fare income, and replaced by a bus line. This was also discontinued in 2015.

State institutions

View over the Zschopau to the JVA

The city was known for the Waldheim prison , which still exists today . The Waldheim trials took place in this prison in 1950 .

fire Department

The voluntary fire brigade of the city of Waldheim was founded in 1863 and, in addition to the fire brigade of the city of Waldheim itself, also includes 6 district fire brigades. A total of around 120 comrades are active.

fire Department Location vehicles
Waldheim fire department Gebersbacher Strasse 1a
Richzenhain local fire department Main street 50a
Reinsdorf local fire department Reinsdorf 53c
Schönberg local fire department Schoenberg 29
Meinsberg local fire department Dorfstrasse 42A

04736 Waldheim

OT Meinsberg

Local fire department Massanei Massanei 5b
Gebersbach-Knobelsdorf local fire department Kleine Otzdorfer Str. 4b

04736 Waldheim

OT Gebersbach

Culture and sights

Evangelical Church of St. Nicolai


The history of the Evangelical Church of St. Nicolai can be traced back to the year 1336, although the two predecessors of the church were on the market until the great fire in 1832, where you can see the star embedded in the pavement or the fountain today. In 1684 the church fell victim to the first city fire, but was rebuilt on the same site. Only a century and a half later it burned down again, along with a large part of the old town, and it was decided to build the new building on the Kellerberg. The interior now seats 1,400 people (when it was built, 1,800 people) and is also equipped with three galleries. The organ was delivered by Borna organ master Urban Kreuzbach, and the design is dominated by the colors light blue, white and gold.


The Waldheimer Friedhof , moved from the location of the former church on the market, which it had previously surrounded, to its present location in 1557, is dominated by an Art Nouveau chapel built in 1912. The family graves, which reflect the development of the city, are interesting. In addition, there are works by Georg Kolbe , such as the grave of his parents, 1913, and the Jakobsbrunnen, 1916/18. The “Boy with a Dove”, 1913, who adorned his parents' grave, is now in the museum.

Correctional facility

The history of today's Waldheim correctional facility is in its beginnings that of the city. In order to protect the trade route there, a castle complex was built, which was first mentioned in 1271. From 1404 until 1549 it was used as an Augustinian monastery. After the Reformation, the feudal lord Georg von Carlowitz , based in Kriebstein, abolished the monastery at the request of the prior and the last monks. In 1588 the monastery became the hunting lodge of Elector Christian I. The chapel of St. Otto, which had existed since the 14th century, was converted into a palace church. From this church there is still an altarpiece showing Christian I, his seven children and his wife Sophie, which is now hanging in Kriebstein Castle . The altar still preserved and exhibited in Kriebstein comes from the previously existing chapel of the monastery. Christian II left the palace to his wife Sophie von Sachsen (1587–1635) as a widow's residence. In 1716 , August the Strong had the hunting lodge converted into a breeding, poor and orphanage. Since the beginning of the 19th century and until today, the facility, which has since been gradually expanded, has been used exclusively for the first sentence. Waldheim has become known beyond all borders because of the Waldheim Trials that took place there from April 21 to June 29, 1950 in the local council chamber of the town hall.


Apparently there were underground cavities even before Waldheim was founded in the 12th century, the history of which, however, remains unclear. It is always known, however, that the serpentinite in the town's basement has been mined professionally and privately for centuries, as a sought-after building material and as road slabs, on the other hand, in order to produce handicraft objects. In 1624 an overseer appointed by the elector took over the supervision of the dismantling and production. Waldheimer serpentinite was presented as "Rochlitz marble" at the Paris World Exhibition in 1867 . Today there is no more mining in the mine. Part of the underground facility was placed under monument protection in 1998 and expanded, so that 200 of the 800 meters are now accessible and can be viewed.


In the "Stadt- und Museumshaus Waldheim", the former house of the cloth maker Riehle, in which Napoleon stayed, a collection of the sculptor donated by the Georg Kolbe heirs is exhibited, and the local history of the town is presented on an additional floor. In addition, regular events, including readings and lectures, take place in the "Winter Garden of the Waldheim Museum". In May 2019, the François Maher Presley Foundation for Art and Culture set up the " Art Staircase in the Museum Waldheim" in the stairwell of the museum, in which temporary exhibitions are shown at regular intervals.


This globally very rare mineral, so far about 45 sites are known, of which only one in Germany, was found, along with other rare minerals, for the first time in the 1880s in Waldheim, in the Saxon granulite mountains and there at the freight station, but also on the Pfaffenberg First described by Adolf Sauer in 1886 in the "Journal of the German Geological Society" - apparently as a record of a lecture about it.

town hall

town hall

In 1897 it was decided to build a new town hall . On August 31, 1899, the architect Bruno Seitler in Dresden was commissioned with planning and construction management , who implemented his design for a building in the Art Nouveau style and in today's and therefore future-oriented size. At first only rough plans were available and the cost estimate amounted to 280,698.91  marks . The very large tower clock with a diameter of three meters, at that time the second largest in Germany after that of the Hamburg City Hall , was put into operation on November 6, 1901. The Ratskeller followed on November 23, 1901. From December 18 to 19, 1901, the town hall was almost completely finished so that the move could begin. The meeting room was not completed until May 1902. The official inauguration was on October 2, 1902.

Apart from the lively forms of Art Nouveau, the many stained glass windows, which also show motifs from the area, are impressive. Likewise the uniquely designed council chamber - in Nordic pine. This applies to the ceiling painting as well as to the decorations in the gallery or the two wall paintings over seven meters long on the front of the hall.

The listed town hall with its 56 meter high tower can be visited on guided tours. The town hall tower can also be climbed up to the surrounding 37.5 meter high viewing gallery, from which there is a good view of Waldheim and the Zschopau valley.

Wachberg Tower

Not only as a lookout tower or to commemorate the victims of the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71, who came from Waldheim, the Wachberg Tower was made 264 meters above normal by the Beautification Association of the city on the Wachberg - at that time still known as the "Kahler Berg" Zero built. Only a short time passed from the laying of the foundation stone on June 18, 1871 - the day after the fall of Paris - to the opening on September 2, 1871, when the mountain actually replaced the dimensions necessary for the view. The building was actually called the Siegesturm . Four memorial plaques with the names, days of death and places of fellow citizens who died in the war were placed on its facade and can still be seen today. It is considered to be the first “Siegesturm” built in Germany after and because of this battle.

At the beginning the tower had a height of 14.15 meters. In the course of time, however, the tall trees blocked the view, which is why it was increased by a further six meters to 20.15 meters in 1939. In 1994 the facade of the listed tower was renovated.


In 1844 the Erzgebirge Railway Company received state permission to build a line from Chemnitz to Riesa, which was then opened in 1847 with the first journey from Riesa to Großbauchlitz near Döbeln. All possible routes into the city, which is surrounded by 13 hills, turned out to be too complicated, too long or too expensive to maintain if the trains had actually been pulled up and downhill in some places with a rope operation. The much more expensive solution was to build viaducts out of stone. One stands in front of the higher and outside the city limits, the Diedenhainer Viadukt (construction period 1846-1852). It is 52 meters high, 153 meters long and consists of two large and 13 smaller arches above. The Heiligenborner Viaduct stands on 12 pillars on which there are 36 smaller arches. It is 41 meters high and 210 meters long and was also completed in 1852. The pillars and arches and their arrangement make these structures so special. Although the viaducts are old and listed, they are still reliable components of freight and passenger traffic today. However, the railway company, which had to make the high investments, filed for bankruptcy, so that the section with a total of six viaducts was christened bankruptcy miles.

More Attractions


Honorary citizen

  • Breuning, Ernst (1835–1914), Royal Commissioner, City Councilor
  • Buchheim, Friedrich Gotthelf (1818–1902), teacher and local poet, city councilor, local judge, master weaver and poet
  • Buchheim, Georg (1857–1934), senior teacher, local poet and historian, administrator of the local history museum
  • Büttner, Johannes (1916–2000), doctor, local researcher, in 1996
  • Christ, Franz Friedrich Wilhelm (1797–1851), Royal Saxon captain and director of the breeding, poor and orphanage in Waldheim, in 1841
  • Fallou, Friedrich Albert (1794–1877) , lawyer and co-founder of Soil Science
  • Fischer von Waldheim, Gotthelf (1771-1853) , zoologist, anatomist, entomologist, paleontologist, geologist and librarian (10)
  • Fritsch, Christian Wilhelm (1799–1886), Rector of the boys' school, in 1852
  • Härtel, Karl Theodor Max (1826–1896), Mayor (1865–1896), in 1896
  • Hauschild, Friedrich Anton (1781–1861), property manager and director of the Waldheim penitentiary, in 1833
  • Hecht, Andreas (1879–1929), local poet and printer
  • Kolbe, Georg (1877–1947 ), sculptor and medalist
  • Mey, Robert (1804–1873), pastor, superintendent, councilor, in 1841
  • Müller, Albin Theodor Robert (1817–1888), pharmacy owner, city councilor and deputy mayor, city councilor, in 1880
  • Neuhof, Benjamin Eduard (1799–1879), prison doctor, in 1851
  • Ludwig Albert Julius Niethammer (1833–1908), merchant and paper manufacturer in Kribethal, in 1897
  • Pause, Gustav (1853–1931), city councilor, city councilor and deputy mayor, in 1916
  • Schwabe, Kurt (1905–1983) , chemist and head of the Meinsberg Research Institute, in 2008
  • Weißling, Heinrich (1923–2017), translator and author, in 2008
  • Wild, Ernst Hermann (1818–1875), merchant and cigar manufacturer, city councilor
  • Zapf, Carl Christian (1806–1888), pastor, superintendent, in 1860

sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked on site

January to August 2016: François Maher Presley (* 1961), essayist , photographer, curator , art critic and philanthropist , wrote the books Waldheim in Mittel Sachsen , Waldheim Top 25 and Mord in Waldheim here , he also worked here on the book Resocialization through Art and Culture / developments in the prison system , made Waldheim the focus of events in his children's book "Princess Françoise and the Royal Storyteller " and was active beyond this time through many funding programs of his François Maher Presley Foundation for art and culture , including painting competitions, museum educational services, and printed matter for the City or the city and museum house, the establishment of galleries, theater programs or the grave of honor for Lama Anagarika Govinda.

1960–1969: Else Kränkel (1908–1981), economist, resistance fighter against the fascism of the Nazi regime , deputy chairwoman of the council of the Karl-Marx-Stadt district (1953–1954), was mayor of Waldheim from 1960 to 1969.

1945–1951: Alexander Neroslow (1891–1971), painter, was a political prisoner in the Waldheim prison until May 8, 1945, then joined the KPD and worked as an interpreter and secretary in the city administration. Shaped the cultural life of Waldheim with a lively exhibition activity.

1912–1918: Clemens Pfau (1862–1946), teacher and local history researcher, who was deputy director of the Realprogymnasium in Waldheim from 1912 to 1918, then as founder of the “Otto Pfau Foundation for the Support of Schoolchildren” named after his son. During his time in Waldheim he founded the association “Nursing for Saxon Folklore”, later initiated the “Waldheimer Heldenbuch”, donated his collection of antiquities to the local history museum of the city and wrote numerous writings, including “History of rocks in the Waldheim area”, “The old Waldheimer Berkeley ”,“ The Schützengesellschaft zu Waldheim and their sister guilds in Rochlitz office ”. After the death of his son in World War I, he initiated the Heroes Cemetery in Waldheim.

October 1900 - September 1934: Max Otto Würffel (1867–1952), pedagogue, deacon , painter, was not only a deacon of the evangelical community for 34 years since October 14, 1900, but also made a name for himself as a painter. In Waldheim he also rebuilt the cemetery in order to create the park-like character that is still recognizable today.

1870–1874: Karl May (1842–1912), writer, legally sentenced to four years imprisonment in the Waldheim penitentiary for theft, fraud and imposture, played the organ for fellow prisoners on Sundays during Catholic services.

Until February 1775: Johann Ernst Greding (1718–1775), doctor, lived at the almshouse in Waldheim, which he ran from 1758 on. Made the meadow foam herb known as a medicinal plant through a publication in 1774 .
1698–1728: Ernst Friedrich Schlegel von Gottleben, master's degree, pastor, inspector in Waldheim, son of Dr. Christoph Schlegel von Gottleben, 1689 deacon in Oederan , from 1693 to 1698 pastor in Radeberg .


  • Cornelius Gurlitt : Waldheim. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 25th booklet: Office governance Döbeln . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1903, p. 232.
  • Hans-Gert Buchwald: Waldheim in old views, volume 1. European library, Zaltbommel / Netherlands, 1996, ISBN 978-90-288-5978-4 .
  • Hans-Gert Buchwald: Waldheim in old views, Volume 2. European Library, Zaltbommel / Netherlands, 1998, ISBN 978-90-288-5927-2 .
  • François Maher Presley : Murder in Waldheim . Once upon a time in the Zschopau valley. in-Cultura.com , Hamburg 2018, ISBN 978-3-930727-56-8 .
  • François Maher Presley : Waldheim Top 25 . Edited by Gaby Zemmrich. in-Cultura.com , Hamburg 2017, ISBN 978-3-930727-55-1 .
  • François Maher Presley : Waldheim in Central Saxony . in-Cultura.com , Hamburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-930727-44-5 .
  • Official festival newspaper for the Summer Gau Day of Gau 21 Sachsen des Deutsch. Radf.-Bund: associated with 10 years of age. Foundation festival and banner inauguration of the 1890 Waldheim Cyclist Club on July 21, 22 and 23, 1900 , SLUB Dresden digital
  • A tradition from the Waldheim City Court for the period 1586–1840 on court and local administration, criminal, civil and voluntary jurisdiction, court books and court records is in the Saxon State Archives, State Archives Leipzig, stock 20628 Stadt Waldheim (City Court).

Web links

Commons : Waldheim  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Waldheim  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Population of the Free State of Saxony by municipalities on December 31, 2019  ( help on this ).
  2. History of the City of Waldheim ( Memento of the original from December 28, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.waldheim-sachsen.de
  3. a b c d e f François Maher Presley : Waldheim Top 25 . Edited by Gaby Zemmrich. in-Cultura.com , Hamburg 2017, ISBN 978-3-930727-55-1 .
  4. ^ A b c d e f g François Maher Presley : Waldheim in Mittelachsen , in-Cultura.com , Hamburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-930727-44-5 .
  5. a b c d e f g h i municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
  6. a b State Statistical Office of the Free State of Saxony: Area changes
  7. a b c d Directory of parishes and places for the Kingdom of Saxony, 1904, publisher: Statistical Bureau of the Royal Ministry of the Interior
  8. ^ The Sachsenbuch, Kommunal-Verlag Sachsen KG, Dresden, 1943.
  9. Statistics Saxony - City Council Election 2019 in Waldheim , accessed on August 11, 2019.
  10. Statistics Saxony - City Council Election 2019 in Waldheim , accessed on August 11, 2019.
  11. Vogtland Express from October 1, 2012 as a bus ( memento of the original from January 31, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Vogtlandbahn.de, accessed on September 11, 2014. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.vogtlandbahn.de
  12. ^ Waldheim in Saxony - pearl of the Zschopau valley. Accessed May 31, 2020 .
  13. saechsische.de
  14. Town hall with facade, council chamber and town hall tower on the website of the town of Waldheim
  15. Excursion destinations> Waldheim on outdooractive.com
  16. Wachbergturm ( Memento of the original from January 7, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on waldheim-sachsen.de @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.waldheim-sachsen.de
  17. Honorary Citizen. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on May 17, 2017 ; accessed on May 30, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.waldheim-sachsen.de
  18. ^ François Maher Presley: Waldheim in central Saxony. in-Cultura.com, Hamburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-930727-44-5 .
  19. ^ François Maher Presley : Waldheim Top 25 . Edited by Gaby Zemmrich. in-Cultura.com, Hamburg 2017, ISBN 978-3-930727-55-1 .
  20. ^ François Maher Presley: Murder in Waldheim . Once upon a time in the Zschopau valley. in-Cultura.com, Hamburg 2018, ISBN 978-3-930727-56-8 .
  21. ^ François Maher Presley : Rehabilitation through art and culture. Developments in the prison system . Ed. And with contributions by François Maher Presley and Sebastian Gemkow , Frank Czerner, Anja Kirsten, Mathias Weilandt, Ingo Ließke, Gunther Spahn and Ramona Sonntag, in-Cultura.com, Hamburg 2017, ISBN 978-3-930727-54-4 .
  22. Pfau, Dr. Clement. Retrieved May 30, 2017 .
  23. Waldheimer Heimatblatt No. 6
  24. ^ François Maher Presley : Rehabilitation through art and culture. Developments in the prison system . Ed. And with contributions by François Maher Presley and Sebastian Gemkow , Frank Czerner, Anja Kirsten, Mathias Weilandt, Ingo Ließke, Gunther Spahn and Ramona Sonntag, in-Cultura.com, Hamburg 2017, ISBN 978-3-930727-54-4 .
  25. ^ Gerhard Madaus: Textbook of biological remedies. Volume I. Olms, Hildesheim / New York 1976, ISBN 3-487-05890-1 , p. 822 (reprint of the Leipzig 1938 edition).
  26. 20628 City of Waldheim (Stadzgericht). In: State Archives Leipzig. Retrieved March 27, 2020 . (Info text under "Introduction")