Christian I. (Saxony)
Christian was a son of Elector August of Saxony (1526–1586) from his marriage to Anna (1532–1585), daughter of King Christian III. from Denmark . After the death of his older brother Alexander in 1565, Christian became elector prince, he was the only one of his nine brothers to survive his father. Contemporary witnesses described him as talented but completely uneducated. Christian was trained by the Calvinist Christian Schütz , among others , and was involved in his father's government work at an early stage. After the death of his father and the takeover of the government in 1586, Christian showed little interest in state affairs and indulged in amusements, especially hunting and alcohol. So he liked to let his buddies carry him up a mountain while drunk, so that he could race down the slope with his horse at full gallop.
Christian disliked the conflict between Lutheran orthodoxy and the Philippism based on Melanchthon , which had ruled during the reign of his parents. As early as 1585 as co-regent of his father, he passed a law against theological bickering. He also rejected the concord formula initiated by his father . In 1587 Christian called Johann Salmuth to Dresden as court preacher who, among other things, abolished exorcism during baptism . Here Christian's adviser and influential Chancellor Nikolaus Krell was in charge, bringing Saxony closer to Calvinism without, however, officially changing denominations. There was considerable resistance to this cryptocalvinism , supported by Christian's wife Sophie von Brandenburg .
Domestically, Krell's influence asserted itself in the curtailment of the powers of the Privy Council and the estates in government affairs. In terms of foreign policy, Christian was dependent on his brother-in-law Johann Kasimir von Simmern . Christian was even convinced that his sister, Johann Kasimir's wife Elisabeth , was planning a murder plot against her husband. With Johann Kasimir Christian concluded an evangelical protection alliance and supported the Protestants in France . However, Christian refused to take command of an auxiliary army to be dispatched.
Christian had a preference for festivals and spectacles of all kinds, especially for jousting games, which is why he had the stable yard in Dresden laid out as a tournament site from 1586 . In addition, under his rule Königstein was expanded as a fortress.
The first survey of Electoral Saxony, the first land survey of Electoral Saxony by the surveyor Matthias Oeder , which began in 1586 under his father, was continued under Christian's reign. After Oeder's death in 1614, Balthasar Zimmermann's work was continued until 1633 and largely completed.
Christian died in Dresden at the age of thirty after a lengthy stomach and intestinal problem. The elector was buried in Freiberg Cathedral .
The eldest, Prince Elector Christian, was barely eight years old when he died. The Dreibrüdertaler minted in the Dresden mint shows the three young princes under the tutelage of Friedrich Wilhelm of Saxony in Weimar and Altenburg
The motto of Christians was: "Fide sed vide" - "maid, but show" or "maid, Look Who".
Marriage and offspring
- Christian II (1583–1611), Elector of Saxony
- ⚭ 1602 Princess Hedwig of Denmark (1581–1641)
- Johann Georg I (1585–1656), Elector of Saxony
- ⚭ 1604 Princess Sibylle Elisabeth of Württemberg (1584–1606)
- ⚭ 1607 Princess Magdalena Sibylle of Prussia (1586–1659)
- Anna Sabine (* / † 1586)
- Sophie (1587-1635)
- ⚭ 1610 Duke Franz I of Pomerania-Stettin (1577–1620)
- Elisabeth (1588–1589)
- August (1589-1615)
- ⚭ 1612 Princess Elisabeth of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1593–1650)
- Dorothea (1591–1617), Abbess of Quedlinburg
|Pedigree of Christian I of Saxony|
Christian I of Saxony
- Polykarp Leyser : Kurtzer but warhaffter more thorough report, from the Christian life and blessed farewell of ... Mr. Christiani, weyland Hertziehenden zu Sachsen, ... Elector [Christian I. Elector of Saxony, 1560-1591] , 1595.
- Johann Jakob Herzog: Real Encyclopedia for Protestant Theology and Church: In ..., Volume 13, 1860, p. 219 .
- Heinrich Theodor Flathe : Christian I. In: General German Biography (ADB). Volume 4, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1876, p. 172.
- Matthias Oeder, Sophus Ruge: The first land survey of the Electoral State of Saxony on the orders of Elector Christian I carried out by Matthias Oeder (1586–1607); For the 800th anniversary of the reign of the House of Wettin , Stengel & Markert, 1889.
- Ilse Schunke : Contributions to the politics of Elector Christian I. v. Saxony 1586-1591 mainly in the years 1586/89 , Munich 1922.
- Christa Schille: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 3, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1957, ISBN 3-428-00184-2 , p. 230 f. ( ). In:
- Hans-Joachim Böttcher : The time of my life was little and bad - Anna von Sachsen (1567-1613 ), Dresden 2016, ISBN 978-3-941757-70-7 . P. 19 ff.
- Hans-Joachim Böttcher : Elisabeth von Sachsen and Johann Kasimir von der Pfalz - A marriage and religious conflict , Dresden 2018, ISBN 978-3-946906-06-3 , p. 162 ff.
- Thomas Nicklas: The rulers of Saxony . Ed .: Frank-Lothar Kroll. 2nd Edition. Verlag CH Beck, ISBN 978-3-406-65166-3 , p. 127 .
- Wilhelm Ernst Tentzel: Saxonia Numismatica ... (1714), p. 312
- Literature by and about Christian I in the catalog of the German National Library
- Siegfried Hoyer : Christian I. . In: Institute for Saxon History and Folklore (Ed.): Saxon Biography .
Elector of Saxony
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Elector of Saxony|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 29, 1560|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Dresden|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 25, 1591|
|Place of death||Dresden|