Elisabeth of Saxony (1552–1590)
She married Count Palatine Johann Kasimir von Simmern (1543–1592) on June 4, 1570 in Heidelberg during the Speyer Diet . Through his daughter's marriage, August tried to win Johann Kasimir over to his side as an opponent of his France-friendly Calvinist policy, but this did not succeed. Marriage was seen by Catholics in Germany as a provocation against the Habsburgs , as the “counter-Reichstag” of the united Evangelicals .
The Calvinist Johann Kasimir tried with "ignoble severity" to break the religious resistance of his Lutheran wife. In October 1589 he had his wife arrested on the pretext of adultery and conspiracy to commit murder against her husband. Elisabeth's brother, the Saxon Elector Christian I , was also convinced of her guilt. She died shortly afterwards, now a Calvinist, in her husband's captivity and was buried in the Heidelberg Church of the Holy Spirit.
Elisabeth had the following children from their marriage:
- Son (* / † 1573)
- Marie (1576–1577)
- Elisabeth (1578–1580)
- Dorothea (1581-1631)
- ⚭ 1595 Prince Johann Georg I of Anhalt-Dessau (1598–1618)
- Daughter (* / † 1584)
- Daughter (* / † 1585)
|Pedigree of Elisabeth of Saxony|
Elisabeth of Saxony
- August von Kluckhohn : Elisabeth (Countess Palatine near the Rhine) . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 6, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, p. 7 f.
- Peter Fuchs: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 4, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1959, ISBN 3-428-00185-0 , p. 446 f. ( ). In:
- August von Kluckhohn: The marriage of the Count Palatine Johann Casimir with Elisabeth of Saxony . Treatises of the historical class of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Volume 12 (1873), 2nd section, pp. 81–165 ( Online , Google Books ).
- Friedrich von Bezold : The last years of the Countess Palatine Elisabeth . Treatises of the historical class of the Royal Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Volume 14 (1879), 3rd section, pp. 1–26 ( online , DNB archive ).
- Bettina Braun: The Palatinate Electresses in the 16th Century. Shapers or marginal figures in a changeful religious policy? In: Vera von der Osten-Sacken, Daniel Gehre (Hrsg.): Fürstinnen und Konfession . Contributions of aristocratic women to religious politics and creed formation. Publications of the Institute for European History Mainz, Volume 104, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2015, ISBN 978-3-525-10136-0 , pp. 169–200 (especially on Elisabeth: pp. 192–200).
- Friedrich von Bezold: Johann Casimir, Count Palatine near Rhine . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 14, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1881, p. 308.
- Friedrich von Bezold: Johann Casimir, Count Palatine near Rhine . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 14, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1881, p. 312.
|SURNAME||Elisabeth of Saxony|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Countess Palatine of Simmern|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 18, 1552|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Wolkenstein Castle (Ore Mountains)|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 2, 1590|
|Place of death||Heidelberg|