Matthias Oeder

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Matthias Oeder (Matthias Barren, * possibly in Freiberg or Annaberg , † 1614 ) was an electoral Saxon Markscheider , surveyor and cartographer .

Oeder, panel IX with Dresden ( southern map)

Live and act

Matthias Oeder came from an Annaberg surveyor family, his father Georg Oeder (1511–1581) already pursued this profession. It began in 1586 during the last days of the reign of the Saxon Elector August and then that of his son Christian I (1586–1591) with the map series of the First Electoral Saxon Land Survey .

The "Original Oeder" or "Ur-Oeder" maps were created on a scale of 1: 13.333 1/3 to 1607. These were a rather sketchy version, but nevertheless surpassed all maps existing in Germany up to that point.

Oeder himself worked on the work until his death in 1614 during the reign of Johann Georg I. His still unfinished work was made by his nephew and successor Balthasar Zimmermann in the quarter as large as 1: 53.333 1/3 ("Oeder-Zimmermann") as The elaborated version continued until it came to an end in the middle of the Thirty Years War and the death of Zimmermann in 1633 or 1634. During this elaboration there were various deviations from the original Oeder , for a variety of reasons.

The previously unpublished Oeders map series was issued on 17 colored maps by Stengel & Markert in Dresden on the occasion of the 800th anniversary of the Wettin government in 1889.



  • Hans Beschorner : Matthias Öder and the land surveying of his time in Germany . In: Communications from the Geography Association in Dresden . Volume 3, 3/4, 1924, pp. 3-29.
  • Otto Birke: Annaberg district in the light of the cartography of the 16th and early 17th centuries and related files. Thallwitz, 1913
  • Fritz Bönisch : The Geometrical Accuracy of 16th and 17th Century Topographical Surveys . In: Imago Mundi . Volume 21, 1967, pp. 62-69
  • Siegmund GüntherOeder, Mathias . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 24, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1887, p. 149.
  • Alfred Kirchhoff: Matthias Öder's large set of maps over the course of Saxony from around 1600. In: New archive for Saxon history. Volume 11, 1890, pp. 319-332
  • Horst Torke: Who was Matthias Öder? . Series of publications by the Pirna City Museum , issue 12, 2004. ISBN 3-9808047-1-2

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Fritz Bönisch : The Geometrical Accuracy of 16th and 17th Century Topographical Surveys. In: Imago Mundi . Volume 21, 1967. pp. 62-69.
  2. Path markings and other information about paths in the Radeberger Land ( memento from March 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  3. The local researcher Konrad Knebel wrote about him in 1899:

    “Georg Öder the Younger, Markscheider, Land Surveyor and Map Draftsman (1569–70). He calls himself “the younger” and is without a doubt a citizen of Freiberg, although he is not included in the large list of citizens, perhaps for the same reasons as Matthias Öder. Since he is also the same profession with the latter, both will be related. After 1570 the author did not meet Georg Öder again in the archives.

    To activity. When Elector August's court cartographer Prof. Joh. Humelius died in 1562, the former entrusted Goerg Ödern with the surveying of some offices. He carried out the task using a measuring line and compass. This can be traced from the copies in the main state archive at the Dippoldiswalde office . There the Markscheider was already busy with measurements in the autumn of 1569 and on August 24th, 1569, the Chief Forestry Master Kaspar Körbitz was instructed to instruct the Markscheider Ödern, at his request, as much wood as he needed for the division, measurement and setting of columns in the fields in front of Dippoldiswalde requirement. In 1570 Georg Öder drew the Vorwerk maps after the measurements; the originals of them are still available in the Royal Library of Dresden and, as far as they concerned the Dippoldiswalde office, were copied by the author. They are drawn with great certainty, indicate the whole division of the fields, border pillars, fields, meadows, woody trees, bodies of water, pre-works buildings from a bird's eye view, mills and the size of fields and rods. They are consistently designated: "Georg Öder, der Jünger 1570." Maps are available for the mentioned office, which concern the Vorwerk zu Dippoldiswalde with Oberhäslich and Elend, the "Muldendorfer wüsten Forwergk," the Vorwerk Berreuth including the Berreuther and Reichstädter Bauerfeldern, the Paulsdorfer Vorwerk, the Vorwerk Ruppendorf, the Ruppendorfer Bauerfelder and the Höckendorfer Vorwerk. Öders land cards are likely to be the first in Saxony. "

    - Konrad Knebel : The art of painting and drawing in Freiberg. Third contribution to the knowledge of the older handicrafts in Saxony. With Fig. II. Artists and craftsmen. In: Messages from the Freiberg Antiquities Association . Issue 36, 1899, pp. 76 f . ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  4. Krumhermersdorf: 1560 Holzordnung (excerpt)