First Saxon state survey

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Oeder, front
Oeder, overview (III)
Oeder, panel IX with Dresden ( southern map)

The Erste Kursächsische Landesaufnahme is the first and for its time the most extensive map series in Germany. The state recording took place between 1586 and 1633 in the Electorate of Saxony . The Saxon Elector August commissioned Johannes Humelius , professor of mathematics and astronomy at the University of Leipzig , with the mapping of the Saxon forest areas from 1553 to 1562 . This work was then continued by the cartographer Georg Oeder (1511–1581), Matthias Oeder's father.


The Saxon land surveyor and cartographer Matthias Oeder († 1614) began in 1586 during the last days of the reign of Elector August and then his son Christian I (1586–1591) with the map series of the First Electoral Saxony Land Survey .

The "Original Oeder" or "Ur-Oeder" maps were created on a scale of 1: 13.333 1/3 to 1607. These were a rather sketchy version, but nevertheless surpassed all maps existing in Germany up to that point.

Oeder himself worked on the work until his death in 1614 during the reign of Johann Georg I. His still unfinished work was made by his nephew and successor Balthasar Zimmermann in the quarter as large as 1: 53.333 1/3 ("Oeder-Zimmermann") as The elaborated version continued until it came to an end in the middle of the Thirty Years War and the death of Zimmermann in 1633 or 1634. During this elaboration there were various deviations from the original Oeder , for a variety of reasons.

The previously unpublished Oeders map series was issued on 17 colored maps by Stengel & Markert in Dresden on the occasion of the 800th anniversary of the Wettin government in 1889 .


  • Matthias Oeder: The first land survey of the Electorate of Saxony. Executed by Matthias Oeder (1586–1607) by order of Elector Christian I. For the 800th anniversary of the reign of the House of Wettin . Stengel & Markert, Dresden 1889.

See also


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Path markings and other information about paths in the Radeberger Land ( memento from March 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  2. ^ Fritz Bönisch : The Geometrical Accuracy of 16th and 17th Century Topographical Surveys. In: Imago Mundi. Volume 21, 1967, p. 62ff.
  3. 1560 Holzordnung (excerpt) ( Memento from August 4, 2013 in the Internet Archive )