The Komtur (also commentary , Commenthur ; Latin commendator - commanding officer ) was an official title of the religious order of chivalry . The commander was the leader and manager of a religious house, called Coming (also Commandery ), and governor of the case or the Grand Master . The goods of the coming were subordinate to him. There are also leading committees.
Several comedians formed a Ballei (order province), to which a Bailli or Landkomtur (commendator provincialis) was placed.
In addition to asset management, the Commander also exercised all the powers of the authorities such as land lending, taxation and jurisdiction .
In the Order of St. John the Commander was the secular and spiritual superior of the friars and servants as well as the priests of those churches whose patronage he held. The commander occupied the parish offices of his commandery, but was usually not ordained a priest himself. He was called exclusively by the grand prior or prior and not, as in some other religious communities, elected by the friars.
Hereditary Commander in the Order of Lazarus
The Hereditary Commands are a special feature of the Order of Lazarus: As Grand Master of the Order of Lazarus (1693-1720), the Marquis de Dangeau achieved the creation of heirs (Commanderies graduelles masculines et perpètuelles) by royal decree issued by King Louis XIV of France on December 9, 1693 was issued. These descendants are exclusively subordinate to the Grand Master, and the respective Komtur (called hereditary commander) must belong to the family of the first hereditary commander.
- Commander (office) . In: Meyers Konversations-Lexikon . 4th edition. Volume 9, Verlag des Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig / Vienna 1885–1892, p. 1002.
- Johanniter magazine , issue 2/2007
- Erich Feigl : The military and hospital order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem. Memento. Vienna: Chancellery of the Grand Priory of Austria des Ordre Militaire et Hospitalier de Saint-Lazare de Jerusalem 1974. Page 30