Guido della Torre

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Guido della Torre (* 1259 ; † 1312 ) came from the influential Guelfi family della Torre from Milan .

His uncle Napoleone della Torre was Imperial Vicar of Lombardy from 1265 to 1277 under King Rudolf von Habsburg , but was defeated by Archbishop Ottone Visconti at Desio in 1277 and died a prisoner. In this battle, Guido's father, Francesco, the Podestà of Brescia, Alessandria, Bergamo, Lodi and Novara, also fell. With this victory, the Visconti secured power in Milan and all of Lombardy. The Torriani fled into exile in Aquileia , where Raimondo della Torre had been patriarch since 1273 .

Guido della Torre fighting the royal troops ( illumination from the 14th century)

In 1302, Guido della Torre, together with his cousin Corrado Mosca della Torre , Napoleone's son, ousted the Milanese ruler Matteo I. Visconti and, after Corrado's death in 1307, took power as signor in the commune. However, he suspected Corrado's son, Cassono della Torre , who had become Archbishop of Milan in 1308, of a secret pact with the Visconti and imprisoned him and some of his brothers in 1309 at Angera Castle , but had to press him under pressure from the City of Milan release again, but banished him; later Cassono became Patriarch of Aquileia (1316-1318).

The Italian company of the Roman-German King Henry VII of Luxembourg (1310-13) was hostile to Guido della Torre, but had to accept Henry's entry into Milan at the end of 1310. When there was an uprising in the commune in February 1311, Guido was suspected (probably not wrongly) of complicity. He fled and died the following year, with which his family lost all influence by 1337. The Visconti were reinstated as vicars in Milan shortly after the uprising by Heinrich.


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