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Major district town of Radebeul
Coordinates: 51 ° 6 ′ 17 ″  N , 13 ° 37 ′ 53 ″  E
Height : 109 m above sea level NN
Area : 6.64 km²
Incorporation : 1935
Incorporated into: Radebeul
Postal code : 01445
Area code : 0351
Location of the district within Radebeul

Kötzschenbroda is a district of the Saxon city ​​of Radebeul in the district of Meißen . Kötzschenbroda consists of two fields, as the foundation of the municipality of Niederlößnitz on the vineyard field of Kötzschenbroda separated the upper floor of the municipality as Kötzschenbroda Oberort from the lower floor with the village center. The district had in 1900, including the area of Prince Grove ( community association Kötzschenbroda with Prince Hain ) size of 664 hectares, the area through adding acquisitions of Friedewald for example in the area of Lößnitz ground after the political changes of 1989 enlarged. Also after the fall of the Wall, the districts of Kötzschenbroda with Oberort and Niederlößnitz were combined to form today's common district Kötzschenbroda, whereby the administrative separation of the two Kötzschenbroda corridors was abolished again.

Already in the early modern period with some town charter (1555: Städtlein ), Kötzschenbroda was always the most important settlement in the area of ​​the Loessnitz . As a result of incorporations at the beginning of the 1920s, Kötzschenbroda became a large municipality in 1923 and received city ​​rights in 1924 .

In 1935 Kötzschenbroda was merged with Radebeul under the name of the then smaller town of Radebeul. At that time, Kötzschenbroda had over 18,000 residents, while Radebeul had more than 16,000 residents at that time.

The former town of Kötzschenbroda in the borders before 1935 now forms the urban area of Radebeul-West .


Settlement center and parish

The seal of Kötzschenbroda shows a vine (1598)
Peace Church Kötzschenbroda

Kötzschenbroda was first mentioned in 1226 as Schozebro , where the manor of Zisimo de Schozebro was located . This knight's seat was "at the place of the upper tavern at the highest point on the site", as can be clearly seen there "in the aerial photo by the position of barns". Further mentions were in 1242 as Schosebrode and in 1271 as Coschebrode ( Old Sorbian Skoci brod for "jump over the ford"). Viticulture and horticulture (fruit, asparagus, strawberries) have existed there since the 13th century. In 1273 the church was mentioned, which is said to have originally been dedicated to Saint Vernius, a patron saint of wine. The Dresden Maternihospital owned two vineyards there from 1286. In 1324 the Magnis brothers undertook to deliver half a barrel of their own Kötzschenbrodaer wine (“vinum Kotzbrodensis”) to church institutions in Dresden and Meißen.

In 1429 Kötzschenbroda was robbed and burned down by the Hussites . In 1497 the oldest written preserved arose village Rügen , after its writer the Thanneberger complaints : They kept until then once a year only verbally proclaimed village rules on the " market conformity ", the "free wine room", "freedom, trade and commerce to drive" and the right to “pick wood” and “litter in the forest”, as they were publicly proclaimed that year.

In 1463 Kötzschenbroda acquired four desolate Hufen land ( Lindenau bushes ) from Elector Friedrich the Meek in the southern Friedewald near Lindenau , from which Kötzschenbroda-Oberort developed. In 1519 the pond meadows on the left bank of the Elbe were acquired, from which the Am Fährhaus district, which belonged to Radebeul until 1954, later developed. In 1555 Kötzschenbroda was constitutionally a town .

During the Thirty Years' War the place suffered the fate of being robbed and burned down again in 1633, this time by the Swedes. On August 27, 1645 (September 6 after introduced in 1700 in Saxony Gregorian calendar ) was in the rectory of the Church of Peace of the ceasefire Kötzschenbroda between the Kingdom of Sweden and the Electorate of Saxony closed. In 1752 Kötzschenbroda was a market town .

In 1812 Johann Samuel Gottlob Flemming , the local pastor, prevented the sacking of Kötzschenbroda by Napoleonic troops.

The first pharmacy ( Alte Apotheke ) and the first factory ( Laspe'sche clay pipe factory ) were founded in 1826.

Creation of Kötzschenbroda-Oberort

Oberkötzschenbroda elementary school , from 1920 also successor to the Lindenau school

Although Kötzschenbroda had already had bush fields on the Höhe near Lindenau since 1463, the actual development of Kötzschenbroda-Oberort (also Kötzschenbroda Oberort or Oberkötzschenbroda) can be traced back to the spin-off of Niederlößnitz from the Kötzschenbrodaer Weinbergsflur. Owners of the wineries located there had formed the Niederlößnitzer Weinbergverein in 1832 . According to the regulations of the new rural community order of 1838 , the Nieder-Lössnitz field was formally separated into its own municipality in 1839. Since it was above Meißner Straße between the town center near Altkötzschenbroda and the edge of the plateau near Lindenau, the two remaining municipal areas of Kötzschenbroda were no longer connected. The district Kötzschenbroda was merged, so that the existing district Kötzschenbroda (Saxon district key 3063) also extends over the area of ​​Niederlößnitz and Oberkötzschenbroda.

The Oberort almost completely encompasses Lindenau , only on the western edge a piece of Naundorf belongs to the border. When, in the second half of the 19th century, this community grew beyond its own municipal boundaries in terms of the number of inhabitants (for which roads were built, along which houses were built), the population of the upper town grew automatically with it. The two municipal neighbors also organized public institutions such as the school together.

Kötzschenbroda with Fürstenhain

The seal of Kötzschenbroda with Fürstenhain shows a bunch of grapes (1839)
Mostly gabled farmhouses on the Anger Altkötzschenbroda
The Saxon Horse Personnel Post makes a stop at Anger Altkötzschenbroda

Since Fürstenhain had no 25 independent homeowners, it could no longer be an independent municipality due to the rural community code of 1838. Therefore, in November 1839, a contract was signed between Fürstenhain and Kötzschenbroda for the joint implementation of important communal matters. For the Fürstenhainers, this was associated with the receipt of a seat in the Kötzschenbroda municipal council, which from then on was responsible for the Kötzschenbroda municipal association with Fürstenhain.

After the construction of the Dresden - Riesa - Leipzig railway line (1839), industry increasingly settled . The first Royal Saxon Postal Expedition opened in 1854 ( Altkötzschenbroda 18 ). In 1865 the town got its own newspaper, the Kötzschenbrodaer Zeitung , which was published until 1943 and also functioned as an official gazette.

In 1876 Fürstenhain was incorporated. The local savings bank was founded in 1887 . On October 12, 1899, Kötzschenbroda got a tram connection to Dresden with the meter-gauge Lößnitzbahn . It ran from the corner of Meißner Strasse and Moritzburger Strasse to the Mickten tram transfer point. The route was extended to Zitzschewig on December 25, 1924, and in 1929/1930 it was retraced to the gauge of the Dresden tram (1450 mm).

Large municipality and city law

Through the incorporation of Lindenau (1920) as well as Zitzschewig , Naundorf and Niederlößnitz (both 1923) Kötzschenbroda was 1,923 greater community and received on 5 May 1924 city law .

The large community with the common name of the previously largest town Kötzschenbroda finally got its own town hall through the merger, the Niederlößnitz town hall located on Rosa-Luxemburg-Platz , in which Niederlößnitz local council, Oswald Hans, who was active from 1904, for the next few years 1929 officiated as mayor . For his 25 years in office, Hans was made an honorary citizen of Kötzschenbroda in 1929 , while he was succeeded in office by the future mayor of Pirna, Wilhelm Brunner .

Population development (including Fürstenhain, from 1923 with all incorporations)
year 1550 1750 (1764) 1803 1834 1849 1871 1890 1910 1919 1925 1933
Residents 630
(90 possessed men,
55 residents)
(52 possessed men,
51 gardeners, 10 cottagers)
831 1,057 1,291 2,227 4,523 6,444 6,499 17,425 18,909

Merger with Radebeul

The merger with Radebeul on January 1, 1935 under the common name Stadt Radebeul took place with the common goal of both cities to avoid a threatened incorporation into Dresden in this way. On April 1, 1935, he was appointed a district-free city ​​district .

The merger with Radebeul 1935 was Kötzschenbroda station in the station Radebeul-Kötzschenbroda renamed, 1941, he was named Radebeul West , back in 2013 the name Radebeul-Kötzschenbroda .

From March 2004, the statutes came into force with the formal establishment of the Kötzschenbroda redevelopment area , to which, in addition to Anger Altkötzschenbroda, the Neue Strasse and Vorwerkstrasse belonged in whole or in part to the east, and Kötitzer Strasse, Uferstrasse, An der Festwiese and Elbstrasse in the west. There were also parts of Bahnhofstrasse , Gradsteg , Hermann-Ilgen-Strasse and Auenweg. The redevelopment area was announced in the official gazette of July 2012.

Surrender of left Elbe property

The land acquired on the other side of the Elbe in 1519, later combined with the meadows acquired by Naundorf farmers in 1569 to form the Am Fährhaus district, was ceded to Niederwartha in 1954, among other things because of the destruction of the two Elbe bridges Niederwartha . On the area there was in particular the ramp on the left Elbe for the railway bridge on the Berlin – Dresden railway line and part of the Niederwartha pumped storage plant . The area has belonged to Dresden since 1997.


Altkötzschenbroda with the Parish Church and the former knight's seat on the original market square as well as the Anger as the main street of the central settlement in the Lößnitz represents the historical core of the former town of Kötzschenbroda, which was merged with Radebeul in 1935 and, as Radebeul-West, one of the two centers of the town of Radebeul forms. Together with the Bahnhofsstraße, which connects the Anger with the Kötzschenbroda train station , the town center of Radebeul-Kötzschenbroda results.

Market and Anger

Elbe flood in 2006 near Kötzschenbroda. Center: Anger Altkötzschenbroda, at the bottom at the edge of the picture the roof of the Luther house and rectory . On the right the square in front of the Friedenskirche , on the far right the roof of the Oberschänke .

In the 17th century, a community-owned slaughterhouse, the Communschlächerei , was built at the level of today's Gradsteg across the village green of the village center of Kötzschenbroda . The property, which was demolished again in 1908, also had tapping, baking and lodging rights. The Communschlächerei separated the Anger into an eastern square in front of the church, the market where the weekly markets were held and where the Friedenskirche with the churchyard and the parish as well as the Oberschänke are located.

The actual village green stretched from the slaughterhouse to the shepherd's house , which served as the community shepherd's apartment as well as a poor house . Today's Bahnhofstrasse separated the village center into the larger upper village, in which the three-sided courtyards of the farm owners of the old parish of the “nineties” are lined up at the gable, and beyond Bahnhofstrasse to the west into the lower village. The “nineties” indicates that in Kötzschenbroda ninety landlords, including tavern and church estate owners, were responsible for the community to the landlord.

Traditionally, the north side of the Angers was called the summer side , while the side of the Angers south to the Elbe was called the winter side .

The historic town center of Kötzschenbroda, which had undergone extensive area redevelopment, took part in the 2001 federal competition for living in historic city centers and town centers . 129 participants entered the competition organized by the German Foundation for Monument Protection under the patronage of the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing . The city of Radebeul received a silver plaque in 2002 for the “development of Alt-Kötzschenbroda into a local point of identification with a strong regional charisma” (quote from the certificate).

Autumn and wine festival

Wine festival and theater festival 2007

Together with the Karl May Festival in Lößnitzgrund, the autumn and wine festival that takes place every year at the Anger Altkötzschenbroda in conjunction with the traveling theater festival is one of the two major folk festivals in Radebeul.

A specialty of Kötzschenbroda is the Kötzschber . Kötzschber was the name for wine from Kötzschenbroda for centuries. He is mentioned by Martin Luther, who praised him for his kindness in a letter to the Meißner bishop in 1520. Since the Weinbauflur mainly belongs to Niederlößnitz, the Kötzschber von Kötzschenbrodaer Flur only offers a winegrower (Weinhaus Förster) as white wine, red wine and Rotling (Schieler) .

Cultural monuments

Monument to Chronos and the mourners in the churchyard of the Friedenskirche

On the eastern side of Moritzburger Straße, north of the Am Wasserturm path, a narrow strip of Kötzschenbroda Oberort, on both sides of the water tower , belongs to the landscape protection area , which, with its drained vineyard walls , was placed under regional monument protection in 1999 as the Radebeul historical vineyard landscape . This stretches from Oberlößnitz in the east via Niederlößnitz and Kötzschenbroda Oberort to Naundorf and Zitzschewig.

As historic preservation collections of objects are in Kötzschenbroda the two cemeteries, the old cemetery and the cemetery Radebeul-West . Both are also considered works of landscape and garden design . These include the large gardens of the also listed Villa Tanger , the Villa Krüger , also known as the Berlin House , and the Hofmann Villa .

The church yard around the Friedenskirche is one of the listed ancillary facilities . On it stands what is probably Radebeul's most important monument, the sandstone sculpture Chronos and the Mourners, or Chronos and Lamenting Woman, restored in 2005 . Also in the churchyard is the tomb of Franz Richard Steche (1837–1893), art historian and architect, the founder of the Saxon inventory. The Kötzschenbroda war memorial stands in front of the churchyard on the Anger . Right next to it are the Luther House and the parsonage , where the armistice was signed by Kötzschenbroda during the Thirty Years' War . A commemorative plaque is set in the ground in front of the gate entrance to the rectory.

At Anger Altkötzschenbroda there are around 40 architectural monuments that are on Radebeul's list of cultural monuments . Am Anger also two of the five historical are brewing taverns goods of Lößnitz that Oberschanke and the Golden Anchor . On the western edge of the Angers, in the former Unterdorf, is the shepherd's house , which also served as a poor house. Another inn is the “Zum Dampfschiff” restaurant at the Kötzschenbrodaer steamship pier .

There is also the listed Sparkasse Kötzschenbroda in this district next to the pharmacy in Kötzschenbroda , in which the pharmacist Hermann Ilgen ("Mäusetod") worked, the building of the district court Kötzschenbroda with the office for the court on the opposite side of the street, Villa d 'Orville von Löwenclau , as well as the Radebeul West train station , which Bully Buhlan sang about with his Kötzschenbroda-Express . The administration building of the electrical fittings factory JWH of the entrepreneur and founder Johannes Wilhelm Hofmann , who became an honorary citizen of Kötzschenbroda in 1927, is located at Fabrikstrasse 27 . One of the few monuments in Kötzschenbroda Oberort is the house on Ringstrasse 16 , built by the Kötzschenbroda master builder Bernhard Große .


Former town hall of Niederlößnitz , then of Kötzschenbroda
  • In the middle of the 14th century, Johannes de Ketschbrode was the landlord of what is now Dresden's Rockau district .
  • From October 1888 to the beginning of 1890 Karl May lived in Kötzschenbroda in the Villa Idylle at Schützenstraße 6 (since 1960 Wilhelm-Eichler-Straße 8), then until April 1891 in Zitzschewig at Lößnitzstraße 11.
  • With Friedrich Gottfried Seyfried as town musician from 1871 and Bruno Krumbholz and Wilhelm Laudel as town music directors, three band masters played with the Lößnitz chapel as the town's symphony orchestra in western Lößnitz towns for more than 80 years.

Community boards / mayors / community elders

After the death of Paul Sewening, who had led the office of the community council on a voluntary basis, Emil Schüller was elected the first full-time community council in 1904. With his death, the community elder Curt Schnabel, owner of the pharmacy in Kötzschenbroda , took over the office. Schnabel received the honorary citizenship of Kötzschenbroda in 1926 . The last Niederlößnitz parish council, Oswald Hans, was in office for the unified Kötzschenbroda for a further six years from 1923, first as parish council, from 1924 as mayor of Kötzschenbroda, which had city rights. On the 25th anniversary of his service in 1929, Hans also received the Kötzschenbroda honorary citizenship.

The last Mayor of Kötzschenbroda, Wilhelm Brunner, briefly became the 2nd Mayor of Radebeul and, after 1935, was appointed Lord Mayor of Pirna. The second mayor from 1932 onwards, councilor Ulrich Thon from Opole, successor to Selmar Prasse, who had already left office in 1930, was subsequently a councilor of Radebeul until he went to Posen as such in 1940.

Moritz Große (1835–1898), master bricklayer and builder, was the community elder of Kötzschenbroda (1864–1892).

The municipal council or mayor were:

  • 1839–1840: Gottlieb August Kunze
  • 1840–1845: Johann Gotthelf Häbold
  • 1846–1851: Johann Christian Rüdiger
  • 1852–1854: Friedrich Christian Stumpf
  • 1854–1860: Johann Gottlieb Grießbach
  • 1860–1873: Friedrich David Trache
  • 1873–1876: Friedrich Wilhelm Weinert
  • 1876–1890: Friedrich Woldemar Vogel
  • 1890–1904: Paul Sewening (1837–1904)
  • 1904–1923: Emil Schüller (1871–1923)
  • 1923: Curt Schnabel (executive) (1863–1938)
  • 1923–1929: Oswald Hans (1866–1946)
  • 1929–1934: Wilhelm Brunner (1899–1944)


Kötzschenbroda train station, now Radebeul West

In 1947, the singers Bully Buhlan and Peter Rebhuhn made the German version of the song Chattanooga Choo Choo , popularized by the Glenn Miller Orchestra , the post-war hit Kötzschenbroda Express ( forgive you, my lord, this train goes to Kötzschenbroda ), the Name of the place known throughout Germany. The title came about because the Berlin – Dresden trains ended in Kötzschenbroda due to bomb damage in the Dresden city area, and the unfamiliar name appeared at Berlin train stations. The Kötzschenbroda station was called Radebeul West until 2013 , but was renamed Radebeul-Kötzschenbroda again after the complete renovation .

Kötzschenbroda is also mentioned as a “Dresden pleasure place” with a “funny” name, when in Theodor Fontane's novel Irrungen, Verrungen the train stopped at the station there.

The Nobel Peace Prize laureate Carl von Ossietzky negated the “rhythm of the cosmopolitan city” and heard “the rattle of Kötzschenbroda at every turn” “in the brew of the big city” Berlin.

Even Johann Georg Theodor Grässe mentioned Kötzschenbroda in his Sagenschatz:

Crossing Meißner Strasse Bahnhofstrasse Moritzburger Strasse

“On the road leading to Meissen, especially at the point where the path leads into the town, there is sometimes a big black dog that is now sitting on the railroad, now walking around there. A few days later a fire usually breaks out in the village. "

- Johann Georg Theodor Grasse : based on an oral tradition

Meant is the intersection of Meißner Strasse and Bahnhofstrasse (in the picture below). At that time, the railway for Bahnhofstrasse was not yet tunneled under, but a level crossing, so that the tracks were easy to reach.

See also


  • Frank Andert (Red.): Radebeul City Lexicon . Historical manual for the Loessnitz . Published by the Radebeul City Archives. 2nd, slightly changed edition. City archive, Radebeul 2006, ISBN 3-938460-05-9 .
  • Cornelius Gurlitt : Kötzschenbroda. In:  Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony. 26. Booklet: The art monuments of Dresden's surroundings, Part 2: Amtshauptmannschaft Dresden-Neustadt . CC Meinhold, Dresden 1904, p. 44 ff.
  • Volker Helas (arrangement): City of Radebeul . Ed .: State Office for Monument Preservation Saxony, Large District Town Radebeul (=  Monument Topography Federal Republic of Germany . Monuments in Saxony ). SAX-Verlag, Beucha 2007, ISBN 978-3-86729-004-3 .
  • Moritz Eduard Lilie : Chronicle of the Loessnitz localities Kötzschenbroda Niederlößnitz, Radebeul, Oberlößnitz with Hoflößnitz Serkowitz Naundorf, Zitzschewig and Lindenau with special consideration of Coswig and the other neighboring towns . Niederlößnitz 1893 ( digitized version ).
  • Heinrich Magirius : Village centers in the Lößnitz - their historical and urban significance and problems of their preservation as monuments. In: Dresdner Geschichtsverein (ed.): Lößnitz − Radebeul cultural landscape. (= Dresdner Hefte Nr. 54), Verlag Dresdner Geschichtsverein, Dresden 1998, ISBN 3-910055-44-3 , pp. 62–68.
  • Adolf Schruth; Manfred Richter (arrangement): Chronicle Kötzschenbroda Part I, Part II . Radebeul (1934, 1936; 1986/2010. Online:
Part I (pdf; 423 kB) ( Memento from December 20, 2014 in the Internet Archive ),
Part II (pdf; 467 kB) ( Memento from December 20, 2014 in the Internet Archive )).
  • Gustav Wilhelm Schubert : Chronicle and topography of the parish Kötzschenbroda, which encompasses the market towns of Kötzschenbroda and the small village of Fürstenhain, the villages of Nauendorf, Zitzschewig and Lindenau, together with historical general notes. In the main, etc.zusammengestellt due documentary news . Self-published by the author (Hellmuth Henkler's book printer in Dresden), Dresden (1864 and) 1865 ( digitized version ).
  • Heinz Hoffmann: Radebeul Railway History . In: Association for Monument Preservation and New Building Radebeul (ed.): Contributions to the urban culture of the city of Radebeul . Radebeul 2006.
  • Urban redevelopment Kötzschenbroda . In: Large district town of Radebeul (ed.): Planning and building in Radebeul . Radebeul 2003.
  • Kötzschenbroda . In: August Schumann : Complete State, Post and Newspaper Lexicon of Saxony. 5th volume. Schumann, Zwickau 1818, pp. 36-40.

Web links

Commons : Kötzschenbroda  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e Kötzschenbroda in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  2. ^ Heinrich Magirius : Village centers in the Lößnitz - their historical and urban significance and problems of their preservation as monuments. In: Dresdner Geschichtsverein (ed.): Lößnitz − Radebeul cultural landscape. (= Dresdner Hefte Nr. 54), Verlag Dresdner Geschichtsverein, Dresden 1998, ISBN 3-910055-44-3 , pp. 62–68.
  3. a b Frank Andert (Red.): Stadtlexikon Radebeul . Historical manual for the Loessnitz . Published by the Radebeul City Archives. 2nd, slightly changed edition. City archive, Radebeul 2006, ISBN 3-938460-05-9 .
  4. a b c d Gottfried Thiele: All about the Sparkasse zu Kötzschenbroda . History of a 110-year-old savings bank and stories of a centuries-old place. Ed .: Kreissparkasse Meißen. Radebeul 1997, p. 10-11 .
  5. "Boregk says / that they also burned Kotzbrod / because good wine grows / burned." ( Martin Zeiller (~ 1650) : s: Topographia Superioris Saxoniae: Dippoldißwalda )
  6. ^ Heinrich Magirius : Village centers in the Lößnitz - their historical and urban significance and problems of their preservation as monuments. In: Dresdner Geschichtsverein (ed.): Lößnitz - Radebeul cultural landscape. Dresdner Hefte 54, Dresden 1998, ISBN 3-910055-44-3 .
  7. a b Frank Andert (Red.): Stadtlexikon Radebeul . Historical manual for the Loessnitz . Published by the Radebeul City Archives. 2nd, slightly changed edition. City archive, Radebeul 2006, ISBN 3-938460-05-9 , p. 262 .
  8. ^ Urban redevelopment of Kötzschenbroda . In: Large district town of Radebeul (ed.): Planning and building in Radebeul . Radebeul 2003.
  9. Wine and winemakers ( Memento from September 22, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  10. Justification in accordance with Section 21, Paragraph 3 of the Saxon Monument Protection Act on the statutes for the monument protection area "Historical Radebeul Vineyard Landscape"
  11. ^ Entry in the Karl May Wiki
  12. ^ Frank Andert (Red.): Radebeul City Lexicon . Historical manual for the Loessnitz . Published by the Radebeul City Archives. 2nd, slightly changed edition. City archive, Radebeul 2006, ISBN 3-938460-05-9 , p. 264 .
  13. Post-war hit . Retrieved June 9, 2020 .
  14. ^ Theodor Fontane : Irrungen, Wirrungen im Projekt Gutenberg-DE
  15. ^ Carl von Ossietzky : Accountability: Journalism from the years 1913-1933 . The annoyance (Das Tage-Buch, April 18, 1925). ( limited preview in Google Book search).
  16. ^ Johann Georg Theodor Grasse : The treasure trove of the Kingdom of Saxony. Volume 1, Dresden 1874, pp. 77-78 ( digital full-text edition in Wikisource ).