Old church

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In the 11th century, with the emergence of cleared areas, village corridors with hooves began to form. The entirety of the long -established , land-owning Hufner formed the so-called old community of the village. More recently, gardeners have also become part of the old community, but not cottagers . The old parish was headed by a village judge . In many cases the judge's office was hereditarily tied to a court (inheritance court, inheritance court) or the judge was appointed by the landlord (set judge, one also speaks of the rolling court).

The village judge was the mediator between the landlord and the community. He took care of the taxes, interest and labor to be paid to the landlord and had a certain penal power, the lower jurisdiction , in order to maintain the village order. At the judge's side stood Schöppen , representatives of the farmers' community.

The conditions, rights and obligations of Altgemeinde were in the confirmed by the landlords village Rügen regulated (also complaints or community complaints). These village regulations, which are tailored to the special circumstances of the village, were originally passed down orally and have been recorded in writing since the 15th century. The village complaints were read publicly on the annual court days, to which a fixed ritual was called (in Saxony: botschen ), and were repeatedly adapted to the changed conditions until the 19th century.

The various municipal and town ordinances issued in the 19th century then abolished the prerogatives of the old community, although the land ownership was retained.

Since the owner of the local brewing estate was often appointed village judge, a large number of restaurants with names such as " Erbgericht " or "Herblehngericht" have survived to this day.