Pile pile

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The pile pile is considered a way of dividing the vineyards . There are two known dimensions. On the one hand it is understood as a unit of area and on the other hand as a unit of measure . The measure was mentioned in the source literature for this article as early as 1758.

Area unit

The pile of stakes is an old unit of measurement from viticulture. It denotes an area about 20 paces square. Even if the step varied from region to region, with an approximate length of 75 cm the area is about 15 meters square, or about 225 m².

The connecting posts to which the vines were tied during the ripening period, each with such a large area, were each piled up in a pile in winter.

A vineyard with 100 pile piles is about 2.25  hectares in size, which means that about 45 pile piles correspond to one hectare of vineyard.

Unit of measure

As a unit of measure, the pile heap is also a way of dividing the vineyards. The amount of pile piles between 6 and 10 shocks was calculated depending on the region, soil quality, location, size, age of the vineyard and / or built-in fruit. The shock is expected with 60 pieces . This assessment of the vineyards (vineyards) was decisive for the lease and for the wages of the readers (harvest workers). According to the number of pile piles, the must and wine yield was also inferred.

Variant for a vineyard
  • 1 pile of stakes = 6 shock grapevines
    • 70 pile piles = 420 shock sticks = 25,200 vines (calculated)
Variant for a vineyard
  • Normal land: 1 acre of land = 25 stake piles of 7 shock = 175 shock = 10,500 sticks of wine
  • Bad land = 15 pile piles = 7,000 sticks
Variant for a vineyard
  • 1 acre (vineyard area, Saxon) = 2 acres (Saxon) = 300 square rod ( surveyor rod ) about 5534 square meters
    • good soil 25 pile piles of 7 shock = 10,500 vines
    • middle bottom 20 pile piles of 7 shock = 8400 vines
    • bad soil 15 pile piles of 7 shock = 6300 vines

Yield in a Meissnian wine region:

  • 4 pile piles of 7 shock = 1 barrel of must = 420 cans (Dresdener) = 4 tons ( Saxony )
  • 1 pile of 7 shocks = 1 ton of wine must


  • Matthias Donath, Jörg Blobelt (photos): Saxon wine country . Historic wineries and vineyard houses in the Elbe Valley. 1st edition. Editorial and publishing company Elbland, Dresden 2010.
  • Peter Hohenthal-Königsbruck: Economic news. Volume 10, Johann Wendler , Leipzig 1758, p. 495.
  • Friedrich Heinrich Maximilian Kersten: About the valuation and appraisal of goods according to the latest and best economic principles: together with relevant legal remarks, presented in such a way that they are applicable everywhere as general principles. Waltherischen Hofbuchhandlung, Dresden 1788, p. 145.
  • Johann Heinrich Ludwig Bergius: Polizey- u. Cammeral magazine: in which alphabet. Order the most distinguished & most important matter occurring in both police and cameral beings ... are dealt with & explained. Volume 9, Johann Thomas Trattner, Vienna 1791, p. 114.

Individual evidence

  1. Johann Georg Krünitz : Economic-Technological Encyclopedia, or general system of the state, town, house and agriculture, and the history of art. Volume 109, Joachim Pauli, Berlin 1808, p. 376.