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The Retzschgut or Retzschhaus in Weinbergstrasse 20 in the Oberlößnitz district of Radebeul in Saxony is the former winery home of the important draftsman and etcher Moritz Retzsch (1779–1857), whose wife brought the vineyard into their marriage. The property and winery in the wine situation Radebeuler Golden cars as well as in conservation area Historic vineyard landscape Radebeul .


The vineyard property listed as early as 1904 in Gurlitt's art monuments in Dresden's surroundings at the then address Obere Bergstrasse No. 77 was listed as a monument of architecture in the monument list of the city of Radebeul ( Retzschhaus , value group III) in 1973 at the latest .

Today Klaus Seifert and his Weinbau Klaus Seifert maintains the smallest independent winery in Saxony with 0.22 hectares , whose wines ( Müller-Thurgau , Kerner , Pinot Blanc , Pinot Gris and Traminer ) are only sold on site or served in the in-house ostrich restaurant .


Herbert König (woodcut 1871): incorrectly subtitled, actually Moritz Retzsch's house
View from the Retzschgut to the Spitzhaus, from the end of Retzschgasse

A two-story, today, together with outbuildings on a large, vaulted wine cellar rises monument standing Vineyard building with a massive ground floor and an upper floor verbretterten, on top of a brick-roofed hipped roof with tow dormers . Just before the left edge of the building of the street view of traufständig standing construction occurs timbered -Vorbau with solid ground and also a hipped roof of the main building out to the street line. The roof ridge of the porch is slightly lower than the main building, but the height of the eaves is much higher, which gives a tower-like impression. On this is a "... pleasing Renaissance weather vane, bez. 16. EB 49. "

In the left, western gable side of the Retzschhaus there is a porch with sandstone columns on the ground floor.

On the back of the building, on the mountain side towards the Spitzhaus , there is a wide, classicist roof bay window with a central arched window and a triangular gable . In front of the rear view on the right is the single-storey, slate-roofed extension to the Retzschhaus .


View from the Spitzhaus to the Retzschgut. The classical roof bay window is easy to see. Left behind the house is the two-family house Hessel
Sculpture by Detlef Reinemer on the porch, depicting Moritz Retzsch

The year 1649 on the weather vane of the tower-like porch on the street side is seen as the year of construction of a single-storey house with a wine cellar standing on the spot; the owner of the initials EBis unknown. At the beginning of the 18th century the building was increased, along with an extension and extension, along with an external staircase to access the upper floor. These extensions are already marked on the map by Hans August Nienborg from 1715. In 1735 a Bergrat Lehmann acquired the property. In 1744 it was owned by a Piscenius family, to which the future mother of August and Moritz Retzsch also belonged. She married the electoral Saxon secret war councilor Gottlieb August Retzsch († 1789); the family spent their summers on their estate in the Loessnitz. In 1813 it was extended to two floors plus a porch.

From 1819 the painter and etcher Moritz Retzsch lived in the winery property bought out of his mother's inheritance. This is located directly on the slope behind the house and almost reaches up to the Spitzhaus . As early as 1813 he had the house extended by another floor and the front building facing the street. In 1828 the professor at the Dresden Art College gave up his residence in Dresden and moved to his estate all year round. In 1837 it was sheathed with a partially closed arcade on the north and west side of the upper storey, the overhang of which was supported over the ground floor by an irregular row of stone columns. With this conversion, the previous saddle roof was extended to a hipped roof. At that time there was still a wine press in the building.

According to a contract signed by Retzsch in 1841 , the apartment of his winemaker Johann Gottlob Wächter, consisting of a room and two chambers, was on the ground floor next to the press room , while Retzsch himself lived on the upper floor. After Retzsch's death in 1857, the street running towards the house from the south received his name. In 1866 the property became the property of his wife Christel geb. Miersch over; she was “the neighbor and playmate in his youth.” In the following years, other names appear on the house map: 1870 J. C. Hildebrand, then a Künzel family.

In 1893 the Weinhold family took over the estate; further structural changes were made. The open gallery facing north was built with slate cladding, and the windows were probably enlarged, whereby they were not framed by the local sandstone walls, but by bricks in imperial format . In 1953, the gardener Otto Weinhold had a small, one-story outbuilding with a gable roof built in the courtyard area . In 1966 Marie Weinhold died, with which the inheritance passed to the children living in the house. The heirs waived their share in 1979 "because the low rental income could no longer bear the structural repair work", with the result that the building was transferred to municipal administration.

After the fall of the Wall, one of the co-heirs with the family name Seifert decided to apply for a transfer back, which was successful in 1997. In 1999 the daughter and her husband took over the property. The residential building was extensively renovated between 2002 and 2005, the half-timbered construction of the street-side extension was exposed and the upper floor was protected by the wooden paneling painted in dark red. In 2009, the builders received the builder award from the city of Radebeul for this successful renovation.


Web links

Commons : Retzschgut  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. Volker Helas (arrangement): City of Radebeul . Ed .: State Office for Monument Preservation Saxony, Large District Town Radebeul (=  Monument Topography Federal Republic of Germany . Monuments in Saxony ). SAX-Verlag, Beucha 2007, ISBN 978-3-86729-004-3 , p. 298 and accompanying map .
  2. ^ Large district town of Radebeul (ed.): Directory of the cultural monuments of the town of Radebeul . Radebeul May 24, 2012, p. 37 (Last list of monuments published by the city of Radebeul. The Lower Monument Protection Authority, which has been based in the Meißen district since 2012, has not yet published a list of monuments for Radebeul.).
  3. Cornelius Gurlitt : The art monuments of Dresden's surroundings, Part 2: Amtshauptmannschaft Dresden-Neustadt . In: Descriptive representation of the older architectural and art monuments of the Kingdom of Saxony , Volume 26, CC Meinhold & Söhne, Dresden 1904, p. 156. ( Digitalisat Oberlössnitz. Further vineyard properties . Obere Bergstrasse No. 77. Sheet 173 )
  4. ^ A b Gudrun Täubert: Contribution to the event “Houses and their owners”. A guest at the Retzschhaus. In: Preview & Review; Monthly magazine for Radebeul and the surrounding area. Radebeuler monthly books e. V., August 2015, accessed August 1, 2015 .
  5. Georg Wulff; et al. (Red.): Winegrowers' houses in Radebeul . In: Association for Monument Preservation and New Building Radebeul (ed.): Contributions to the urban culture of the city of Radebeul . Radebeul 2003.

Coordinates: 51 ° 6 '38.4 "  N , 13 ° 40' 0.8"  E