Moritz Retzsch

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Friedrich August Moritz Retzsch (born December 9, 1779 in Dresden , † June 11, 1857 in Oberlößnitz ) was a German draftsman , painter and etcher . He was the younger brother of the landscape painter August Retzsch (1777-1835).

Moritz Retzsch, self-portrait

Live and act

Schiller: Pegasus in the yoke

At the Dresden Academy a . a. Trained at Cajetan Toscani , Retzsch became a professor at his training facility in 1824. He became known for his contour etchings on large poems, which were created in the classical style: Johann Wolfgang Goethe's Faust (26 sheets, 1816, with further editions), Friedrich Schiller's ballads ( Fight with the Dragon , The Song of the Bell , Walk to the Iron Hammer , Pegasus im Joche ), gallery of William Shakespeare's dramatic works (1827–46) and outlines of Gottfried August Bürger's ballads (1840). He also created portraits, romantic and mythological representations ( Genoveva von Brabant , Undine (mythology) , Erlkönig and others).


The winery has a special passion of Moritz Retzsch because his wife brought to the marriage a vineyard into the marriage. In 1813 he had the Retzschhaus in Oberlößnitz , named after him, expanded, and in 1828 he moved from Dresden to Oberlößnitz. As a winemaker , he was an honorary member of the Saxon Wine Society . In 1848 Retzsch withdrew completely to his winery.

For the winegrowers' festival of the Weinbaugesellschaft on October 25, 1840, he designed and staged the big winemaker's procession from Hoflößnitz to the Goldene Weintraube inn and then made eight sheets of outline engravings , which were lithographed as a winemaker's procession and then reproduced as lithographs. In doing so, he delivered a faithful, romanticized image - in addition to allegory and mythology - of the working world of the winemaker and the winemaker-related professions. The vintner procession took over the formal canon of court wine festivals, which had been developed since the 16th century, and developed it further in the bourgeois sense. In the regional museums there are still lithographs of the vintner's procession, for example in the Saxon Wine Museum Hoflößnitz .

The detailed representation of the sparkling wine production, which was recorded in Niederlößnitz in 1836 , the year when the later, former Sektkellerei Bussard , the second oldest sparkling wine cellar in Germany, was founded as a factory for sparkling wines on a share basis, is particularly valuable (sheet 4 of the winegrowers' train ).

In 1839 a street across from his house was named after Moritz Retzsch.

Contemporary reception

Heinrich Heine mentions Retzsch in Die Harzreise when he writes on the ascent of the Brocken :

“The strange groups of granite blocks become really visible here; these are often of astonishing size. These may well be the game balls that the evil spirits toss each other on Walpurgis Night, when the witches come riding on broomsticks and pitchforks, and the adventurous wicked pleasure begins, as the believable nurse tells it, and how it is to look up the pretty fist pictures of the master Retzsch. "

- Heinrich Heine : The Harz journey


Retzsch, Vintner procession , 1840 (sheet 2: Bacchus with companions, including Silenos )
  • Vineyard scenes , 1795 to 1809, 8 booklets, in the Kupferstichkabinett
  • Drawing Three Walkers in Loessnitz Landscape , 1808
  • Painting view of the Hoflößnitz , with self-portrait, Hoflößnitz winery museum
  • Vintner's train , 8 sheets, glued to form a leporello, original in the Hoflößnitz winery museum
  • Outlines for Goethe's Faust . Cotta, Stuttgart a. Tubingen, 1816
  • Collaboration on the title coppers for Goethe's final edition. Friedrich Fleischer, Leipzig 1828–34. Digitized by HAAB Weimar
  • The winegrowers' festival of the winegrowing society in the Kingdom of Saxony on October 25, 1840 . CC Meinhold & Sons, Dresden, 1840
  • 43 Outlines of Schiller's Song of the Bell: including allusions . Cotta, Stuttgart 1837 ( digitized version )
  • Outlines to Shakespeare's Dramatic Works. Basel 5th edition 1850.
  • Herrmann Zschoche (ed.); Moritz Retzsch (Ill.); August Retzsch (Ill.): Pictures of a childhood: the picturesque diary of the Retzsch brothers; 1795-1809 ; Edited for the Dresdner Kupferstichkabinett; Verlag der Kunst Dresden, Husum 2007. ISBN 978-3-86530-095-9 .


Web links

Commons : Moritz Retzsch  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Wine-building with style: Architects von Gut Wackerbarth ( Memento of the original from May 18, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. Georg Wulff; et al .: Winegrowers' houses in Radebeul . In: Association for Monument Preservation and New Building Radebeul (ed.): Contributions to the urban culture of the city of Radebeul . Radebeul 2003.
  3. Timetable ( Memento of the original from May 23, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. ^ The Harzreise by Heinrich Heine at Project Gutenberg .