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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Mirow
Map of Germany, position of the city of Mirow highlighted

Coordinates: 53 ° 17 '  N , 12 ° 49'  E

Basic data
State : Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
County : Mecklenburg Lake District
Office : Mecklenburgische Kleinseenplatte
Height : 64 m above sea level NHN
Area : 156.42 km 2
Residents: 3891 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 25 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 17252
Primaries : 039829, 039833
License plate : MSE, AT, DM, MC, MST, MÜR, NZ, RM, WRN
Community key : 13 0 71 099

City administration address :
Strasse 24 in
17252 Mirow
Website : www.amt-mecklenburgische-kleinseenplatte.de
Mayor : Henry Tesch ( CDU )
Location of the city of Mirow in the Mecklenburg Lake District
Brandenburg Landkreis Rostock Landkreis Vorpommern-Rügen Landkreis Vorpommern-Greifswald Landkreis Vorpommern-Greifswald Landkreis Ludwigslust-Parchim Beggerow Borrentin Hohenbollentin Hohenmocker Kentzlin Kletzin Lindenberg (Vorpommern) Meesiger Nossendorf Sarow Schönfeld (bei Demmin) Siedenbrünzow Sommersdorf (Landkreis Mecklenburgische Seenplatte) Utzedel Verchen Warrenzin Datzetal Friedland Galenbeck Basedow (Mecklenburg) Basedow (Mecklenburg) Faulenrost Gielow Kummerow (am See) Malchin Neukalen Alt Schwerin Fünfseen Göhren-Lebbin Malchow (Mecklenburg) Nossentiner Hütte Penkow Silz (Mecklenburg) Walow Zislow Mirow Priepert Peenehagen Wesenberg (Mecklenburg) Wustrow (Mecklenburgische Seenplatte) Blankensee (Mecklenburg) Blumenholz Carpin Godendorf Grünow (Mecklenburg) Hohenzieritz Klein Vielen Kratzeburg Möllenbeck (bei Neustrelitz) Schloen-Dratow Schloen-Dratow Userin Wokuhl-Dabelow Beseritz Blankenhof Brunn (Mecklenburg) Neddemin Neuenkirchen (bei Neubrandenburg) Neverin Sponholz Staven Trollenhagen Woggersin Wulkenzin Zirzow Ankershagen Kuckssee Penzlin Möllenhagen Altenhof (Mecklenburg) Bollewick Buchholz (bei Röbel) Bütow Eldetal Fincken Gotthun Groß Kelle Kieve Lärz Leizen Melz Priborn Rechlin Röbel/Müritz Schwarz (Mecklenburg) Sietow Stuer Südmüritz Grabowhöfe Groß Plasten Hohen Wangelin Jabel Kargow Klink Klocksin Moltzow Moltzow Torgelow am See Vollrathsruhe Burg Stargard Burg Stargard Cölpin Groß Nemerow Holldorf Lindetal Pragsdorf Bredenfelde Briggow Grammentin Gülzow (bei Stavenhagen) Ivenack Jürgenstorf Kittendorf Knorrendorf Mölln (Mecklenburg) Ritzerow Rosenow Stavenhagen Zettemin Altenhagen (Landkreis Mecklenburgische Seenplatte) Altentreptow Bartow (Vorpommern) Breesen Breest Burow Gnevkow Golchen Grapzow Grischow Groß Teetzleben Gültz Kriesow Pripsleben Röckwitz Siedenbollentin Tützpatz Werder (bei Altentreptow) Wildberg (Vorpommern) Wolde Groß Miltzow Kublank Neetzka Schönbeck Schönhausen (Mecklenburg) Voigtsdorf Voigtsdorf Woldegk Dargun Demmin Feldberger Seenlandschaft Neubrandenburg Neustrelitz Waren (Müritz)map
About this picture
Teachers' college, harbor and Mirower See on a picture postcard from 1899
Mirow Castle on the Castle Island in the Mirower See

Mirow is a country town in the south of the Mecklenburg Lake District in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania . It is the seat of the Mecklenburgische Kleinseenplatte office and forms a basic center for its surroundings .

The city, which is embedded in several lakes and waterways, is a state-approved resort and one of the main places in the Neustrelitzer Kleinseenland holiday area of the Mecklenburg Lake District .


Geographical location

Naturally , Mirow is part of the Neustrelitzer Kleinseenland in the Mecklenburg Lake District. The town is located at the south end of the Mirower lake , via a chain of lakes, rivers and canals with the Müritz and the Mirower channel , the part of the Müritz Havel waterway , with the Havel is connected. In the municipality there are some larger lakes such as the Labussee , the Vilzsee , the Rätzsee as well as the Granzower Möschen and the Zotzensee .

City structure

The following districts belong to the city of Mirow:

In addition, the residential areas Mirowdorf , Blankenfelde, Hohenfelde, Birkenhof, Holm , Forsthof, Weinberg, Niemannslust, Diemitzer Schleuse , Fleether Mühle , Kakeldütt , Schillersdorfer Teerofen and Hohe Brücke are part of the town of Mirow.


Lower Castle , school building until 2006


The name of the Slavic village Mirov originated from an old Polish personal name and means something like peace or quiet . The name changed only slightly to Mirowe or Myrow (e).

middle Ages

The history as a German place goes back to a settlement of the Order of St. John , to which Prince Heinrich Borwin II. Donated 60 Hufen land in 1226 in the "Land Turne" (area southwest of the Müritz)  . In the confirmation of this foundation by Borwin's sons, a village of Mirow is already mentioned. By 1242 at the latest, the settlement on the shores of the lake had developed into a commandery . In the centuries that followed, the order's property grew steadily.

From 1500 to 1900

Amid ongoing disputes with the Lord masters of St. John in Sonnenburg the Mecklenburg dukes gained in the course of the 16th century greater impact on the occupation of the Coming and the appointment of Komturen . After the last Mirower Komtur died in 1541, the Commandery was administered only by Protestant administrators, most of whom came from the Mecklenburg ducal house. In 1648 the commandery was finally secularized and assigned to the (partial) duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin as compensation for other territorial losses . The Hamburg settlement brought Mirow to the (partial) duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in 1701 . Large parts of the order property of the commandery had meanwhile been converted into a ducal Mecklenburg administrative office with its seat in Mirow.

Since the transfer of the Mirow order property to the ducal house of Mecklenburg at the end of the 16th century, the commandery house on the Mirow castle island has been used repeatedly as a princely residence. The domanial office of Mirow had supply functions for ducal widows or apanaged branch lines of the Mecklenburg dynasty. Duke Johann Georg, for example, a later son of Adolf Friedrich I , received Mirow as apanage in the second half of the 17th century. From 1707 to 1712 a new castle was built according to plans by Joachim Bormann, today's Upper Castle. Contrary to popular belief, the major fire of 1742 destroyed the last building complex of the Commandery , but not the castle. This was expanded from 1748 to the 1760s and some of it was refurbished. The Upper Castle has been extensively restored in recent years and opened to the public as a museum on June 7, 2014.

While the Mirower Hof had developed into an important intellectual and intellectual center of Mecklenburg-Strelitz in the 1740s, the princely court in Mirow gradually ceased with the change of government in 1752/53 and finally arrived in 1761 with the death of the Dowager Duchess Elisabeth Albertine The End. Since then, Schloss Mirow has led a quiet, dreamy existence and only briefly awakened to new life when a member of the Strelitz ruling house had died and was buried in the royal crypt attached to the church in 1704 .

In the secondary castle (the so-called lower castle ), which was built outside the old castle district from 1735 to 1737 and initially remained unfinished after renovations in the 1760s, the Grand Ducal Teachers' College of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was opened in 1820, which until the 1920s almost 800 Trained primary school teachers.

At the end of the 18th century there were Jews living in the village. Around 1800 they built a Jewish cemetery (on Lärzer Straße, opposite house no. 5), which was completely destroyed during the Nazi era . A memorial stone was placed there during the GDR era.

Modern times

The place Mirow itself kept for a long time the status of a market town, a village with certain special privileges, but without local self-government. That is why Mirow lacks typical urban buildings from old times, such as a spacious market square or a representative town hall. Only after the end of the monarchy, when the municipality type Flecken was abolished, Mirow received city ​​rights in 1919 . The city center has been partially redeveloped since 1991 as part of urban development funding.

From 1952 to 1994 Mirow belonged to the Neustrelitz district (until 1990 in the GDR district of Neubrandenburg , then in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania). In 1994 the city was incorporated into the Mecklenburg-Strelitz district. Since the district reform in 2011 , it has been in the Mecklenburg Lake District .


Granzow (with the Arboretum Erbsland ) and Starsow have belonged to Mirow since July 1, 1950. Peetsch followed on July 1, 1961. On June 13, 2004 Diemitz was incorporated. In addition, on May 25, 2014, the community of Roggentin was incorporated.

Population development

year Residents
1990 4308
1995 4045
2000 3887
2005 3742
2010 3423
year Residents
2015 3988
2016 3978
2017 3955
2018 3933
2019 3891

Status: December 31 of the respective year

The increase in the number of inhabitants in 2015 is due to the incorporation of Roggentin in 2014.


City council

The city council of Mirow consists of 14 members and the mayor. Since the local elections on May 26, 2019, it has been composed as follows:

Political party CDU FDP AfD left SPD Green Individual applicant Uwe Fischer
Seats 6th 2 2 1 1 1 1


  • 2009–2018: Karlo Schmettau (FDP)
  • since 2018: Henry Tesch (CDU)

Tesch was confirmed in the mayoral election on May 26, 2019 with 74.0 percent of the valid votes.

coat of arms

Coat of arms of the city of Mirow
Blazon : “Half split and divided; above: in front a silver Maltese cross in red; behind: in silver a green palm branch placed obliquely to the left; below a golden crowned black bull's head looking forward with a torn red mouth, silver teeth, a knocked out red tongue, the neck fur torn off in seven points and silver horns. "

The coat of arms was designed by Hans Witte based on a proposal from the Neustrelitz main archive and redrawn in 1997. It was awarded on February 12, 1921 by the Mecklenburg-Strelitz Ministry of the Interior and registered under the number 148 of the coat of arms of the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms combines a church motif, a speaking sign and a symbol of power. The Maltese cross commemorates the founding of the Commandery by the Order of St. John. As a symbol of peace, the palm branch is supposed to represent the place name derived from the Slavic first name Mirov (= the peaceful). With the bull's head as a small sovereign symbol, the connection of the place with the Mecklenburg dynasty is symbolized as the prince's seat and hereditary burial.


The city does not have an officially approved flag .

Official seal

The official seal shows the city coat of arms with the inscription "STADT MIROW * LANDKREIS MECKLENBURGISCHE SEENPLATTE".

Bridge from the Castle Island to the Love

Sights and culture


Johanniterkirche (Castle Church)
Mirower See with boathouses


  • Mass grave for 320 victims of the death march , unknown by name , prisoners of war and forced labor as well as a known woman from the Soviet Union in the main cemetery on Wesenberger Chaussee
  • Soviet cemetery of honor for 28 soldiers of the Red Army on Strelitzer Strasse
  • Stele in memory of the victims of the death march of the Ravensbrück concentration camp , erected by young people in 1997
  • Stele (as above) from 1997 in front of the Schlossgymnasium Sophie Charlotte
  • Memorial stone for the Jewish victims of the Shoah , erected on Lärzer Strasse in the late 1950s


  • International Queen Sophie Charlotte Violin Competition on the Schlossinsel (annually since 2002)

Economy and Infrastructure


Mirow train station
Mirow lock

Mirow is located on the B 198 between the Röbel / Müritz motorway junction 27 km away on the A 19 ( Berlin - Rostock ) and Neustrelitz . Due to the high traffic load, a bypass has been planned since the 1990s , which has still not been implemented (as of 2020).

The Mirow train station is the end of the Neustrelitz – Mirow railway line (“Kleinseenbahn”). It is served by the Hanseatic Railway every two hours during the day. Passenger traffic on the Mirow – Rechlin railway was stopped in 1967.

The connection to other places in the area is ensured with buses of the MVVG and ORP .


  • Elementary school "Regenbogen", Leussower Weg 9 a


The football club FSV Mirow / Rechlin was created in 2004 from a merger of Mirower SV and Rechliner SV. He plays in the season III Mecklenburg-Vorpommern regional class in the 2019/20 season.


Sons and daughters of the place

Personalities associated with Mirow


Web links

Commons : Mirow  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Statistisches Amt MV - population status of the districts, offices and municipalities 2019 (XLS file) (official population figures in the update of the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Regional Spatial Development Program Mecklenburg Lake District (2011) , Regional Planning Association, accessed on July 12, 2015
  3. § 2 of the main statute of the city of Mirow
  4. Mirow (Mecklenburg) - GenWiki. Retrieved January 3, 2018 .
  5. ^ Georg Dehio: Handbook of German Art Monuments. Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich / Berlin 2000, p. 345 and 346.
  6. http://www.mv-schloesser.de/?id=2500%2C%2C1003298%2C
  7. a b Municipalities 1994 and their changes since January 1st, 1948 in the new federal states , Metzler-Poeschel publishing house, Stuttgart, 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 , publisher: Federal Statistical Office
  8. ^ StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2004
  9. ^ Statistical Office Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: Area changes
  10. Population development of the districts and municipalities in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Statistical Report AI of the Statistical Office Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
  11. ^ Result of the election for the city council on May 26, 2019
  12. Re-elected! Second term of office for our mayor Karlo Schmettau officially. In: Mirower Zeitung, May 31, 2014.
  13. Mirow's mayor resigns. In: Nordkurier , October 19, 2018.
  14. ^ Result of the mayoral election on May 26, 2019
  15. a b § 1 of the main statute of the city of Mirow (PDF).
  16. Lower Mirow Palace: Birthplace of Queen Sophie Charlotte of England ( Memento of the original from December 14, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Advertisement for sale, accessed July 21, 2015 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.gutsdorf.de
  17. Traveled to Schwerin for the Mirow bypass. In: Nordkurier , November 29, 2019.
  18. Timetable for the Neustrelitz – Mirow route
  19. Grete Grewolls: Who was who in Mecklenburg and Western Pomerania? A dictionary of persons. Temmen, Bremen 1994.