Georg Christian Friedrich Lisch

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Georg Christian Friedrich Lisch with order and the medal for art and science (Mecklenburg-Schwerin) . Oil painting by Theodor Schloepke , (1865)

Georg Christian Friedrich Lisch , initially only: Friedrich Lisch (born March 29, 1801 in Strelitz ; † September 22, 1883 in Schwerin ) was a German prehistorian , Mecklenburg archaeologist, archivist of the Mecklenburg-Schwerin Grand Ducal , librarian and curator, as well as heraldist , editor and publicist .


Memorial plaque on the house at Wismarsche Strasse 147 in Schwerin
The listed building at Wismarsche Strasse 147 in Schwerin, where Lisch lived from 1844
Friedrich Lisch
Friedrich Lisch. Bust of Christian Genschow , 1852

The descent from Georg Christian Friedrich Lisch (he initially used the name form Friedrich Lisch himself) is a question that has been discussed controversially by researchers. It is believed that the lawyer Carl Christoph von Kamptz (1769–1849), later the royal Prussian state and justice minister, was his actual father. However, he did not legitimize it. Friedrich Lisch grew up as the son of the ducal valet Johann Christian Lisch (1776–1844) and his wife Johanna Sophia Christiane, nee. Brunow (1775-1842).

Soon after his birth, the family moved to Güstrow , where Lisch's father got a job at the regional court. Friedrich Lisch spent his childhood and youth in Güstrow as the eldest of four sons of his parents. From 1809 he attended the cathedral school in Güstrow (grammar school) and passed the final examination with distinction in autumn 1822. He then studied theology , philosophy , history and mathematics at the University of Rostock (1822-1824) and the Humboldt University of Berlin (1824-1826). In 1824 he became a member of the Rostock Freemason Lodge "Prometheus".

After initially working as a private tutor in Tessin (Mecklenburg), Lisch found a job as a collaborator at the Grand Ducal Fridericianum High School in Schwerin in 1827 . In 1832 he was promoted to director of a private girls' school, during this time Lisch took an active part in the reorganization of the Schwerin school system and founded several new schools.

Friedrich Lisch found his real calling in the field of Mecklenburg regional history . In the meantime, Grand Duke Friedrich Franz I had noticed Lisch, appointed him archivist and in 1834 appointed him to the Secret and Main Archives in Schwerin. With Lisch's active participation, the Association for Mecklenburg History and Archeology was founded in the following year, 1835 , whose engine and soul was Friedrich Lisch for almost five decades. He was first secretary of the association, built up the association's collections and published the association's yearbooks and annual reports, in which he published countless articles of his own. From 1863 until his death he was also responsible as an editor for the Mecklenburg record book .

With versatility and zest for action, Lisch quickly got into influential offices in the following years. In 1835 he was appointed government librarian, in 1836 supervisor of the antiquities collection and in 1838 of the coin cabinet. By the Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II. Lisch was appointed by a decree dated December 27, 1852 as “Conservators for the historical art monuments” of the Mecklenburg-Schwerin region . As the first state-owned monument conservationist in Mecklenburg, he was also to direct his attention to those monuments that were not subject to the sovereign jurisdiction .

Shortly after his appointment as conservator for historical art monuments, the internal restoration of the Dobbertiner monastery church began in 1853 . Lisch was appointed to the local building commission as a permanent advisory board for the monument preservation supervision of the work to be carried out. Well-known architects and artists, with whom Lisch had already worked repeatedly, were involved in the work up to autumn 1857. Although there were some unpleasant arguments between the Wismar architect Heinrich Thormann , the Schwerin master builder Theodor Krüger , the sculptor Gustav Willgoh , the court painter Gaston Lenthe and the glass and porcelain painter Ernst Gillmeister in connection with the designs for the furnishings, it was the balancing one Thanks to Lisch's ideas that the work was successfully completed.

In 1856 he was appointed to the archives councilor in 1867 to the grand ducal Mecklenburg-Schwerin secret archivist council. Friedrich Lisch gave the Mecklenburg regional historical research a decisive influence for more than four decades in the flourishing phase.

Lisch was also a heraldist. He wrote treatises on the history of coats of arms in the Mecklenburg yearbooks. The focus of his work was the "History of the episcopal coat of arms of Schwerin" and "About the Mecklenburg coat of arms".

Friedrich Lisch was married three times and had eight children, including the youngest son Friedrich Wilhelm Lisch (1844–1905), whose memory as councilor and municipal syndic of Schwerin is held in honor to this day.


Friedrich Lisch is one of the most important German historians of the 19th century. He is considered to be the founder of prehistoric research in Mecklenburg and a co-founder of the three-period system ( Stone , Bronze , Iron Ages ), which the chronology of Nordic prehistory follows to this day.

In 1843 he became a corresponding member of the Society for the History and Archeology of the Baltic Provinces of Russia .

In 1852 Lisch was a founding member and until 1853 a member of the Scholars' Committee of the Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nürnberg (GNM) for the subject of pagan antiquities of the Slavs (changed to Pagan antiquities of Northern Germany at his own request ).

In 1849 Lisch was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of Rostock.

Countless other historical associations in Germany and beyond awarded Lisch corresponding or honorary membership. The Grand Duke himself jokingly called Lisch "his Humboldt" .

Honors (in old spelling)

Commandeur of the royal. Danish Dannebrog = and of the royal. Prussian crowns = order , Knights of the Red Eagle =, the North Star and the Oldenburg. Merit = order of 3 cl., Owner of the grand ducal. meklenb. golden merit = medal and the royal. Hanoverian golden honor = medal for science and art on ribbon, the Imperial Austrian and the great imperial Russian golden merit = medal for science, real member of the Royal Society for Nordic Antiquity in Copenhagen and the Royal Academy of Sciences in Stockholm , corresponding member of the royal Academy of Sciences in Göttingen , the Kaiser. Archaeological Society of St. Petersburg , the antiquar. Society of Abbeville and Upper Lusatia. Society of Science zu Görlitz , a real member of the Archaeological Society in Moscow, honorary member of the Anthropological Society in Berlin , the history and antiquity research societies in Dresden, Mainz, Hohenleuben, Meiningen, Würzburg, Königsberg, Lüneburg, Emden, Luxembourg, Christiania, Zurich, Stettin and Greifswald , corresponding member of the historical and antiquity research societies in Lübeck, Hamburg, Kiel, Hanover, Leipzig, Halle, Jena, Berlin, Salzwedel, Breslau, Cassel, Regensburg, Copenhagen, Graz, Reval, Riga, Leyden, Antwerp, Stockholm and the Hanseatic one History Association, first secretary of the Association for Meclenburg History and Archeology .


The annual Friedrich Lisch Monument Prize of the State of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania is named after Georg Christian Friedrich Lisch .

Works (selection)

The literary and journalistic work of Gweorg Christian Friedrich Lisch is (almost) unmanageable. So far, more than 4000 monographs, multi-volume works and articles published by him as a dependent person are known in the state bibliography MV . Most of Lisch's works can also be used publicly as digital copies via various portals.

  • The family connections of the older house of Gans zu Putlitz with the old princely families. Schwerin 1841 ( digitized in the digital library Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania)
  • Joachim von Maltzan or collection of documents on the history of Germany during the first half of the 16th century. Schwerin 1853 ( digitized version )
  • Prehistory of Malchow. Schwerin 1867 ( digitized version )


  • Elsbeth Andre (arrangement): GC Friedrich Lisch (1801–1883). Schwerin estate and letters in foreign institutions. Finding aid for inventory 10.9-L / 6 . (= Finding aids, inventories and small documents from the State Main Archives Schwerin, Volume 7). State main archive , Schwerin 2001, ISBN 3-9805560-6-9 .
  • Grete Grewolls: Personal Bibliography Georg Christian Friedrich Lisch Publications from the years 1877–2001 . In: Mecklenburgische Jahrbücher . Volume 116, 2001, pp. 391-397.
  • Karl Ernst Hermann KrauseLisch, Friedrich . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 18, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1883, pp. 752-754.
  • Thomas Lehmann (Red.): Mecklenburg's Humboldt: Friedrich Lisch. A researcher's life between barrows and throne room . Exhibition catalog 2001 (= Archeology in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Volume 2). Archaeological State Museum and State Office for Land Monument Preservation Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lübstorf 2001, ISBN 3-935770-00-6 .
  • Thomas Lehmann, Hildegard Countess von Schmettow (Red.): GC Friedrich Lisch (1801–1883). A great scholar from Mecklenburg. Contributions to the international symposium 22. – 24. April 2001 in Schwerin . (= Contributions to the prehistory and early history of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Volume 42). Archaeological State Museum Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Lübstorf 2003, ISBN 3-935770-03-0 .
  • Horst Ende : Calling attention to the importance of the monuments. For the 200th birthday of the first Mecklenburg conservator Friedrich Lisch. In: Monument protection and preservation in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Issue 8, Schwerin 2001, pp. 1-10.
  • Heinrich Reifferscheid: Friedrich Lisch, Mecklenburg's pioneer in German archeology . In: F. Stuhr (Ed.): Mecklenburgische Jahrbücher . tape 99 . Schwerin 1935, p. 261–276 ( [accessed February 26, 2019]).


Unprinted sources

  • State Main Archive Schwerin (LHAS)
    • LHAS 3.2-3 / 1 Provincial Monastery / Monastery Office Dobbertin. No. 3235 Church, negotiations and expert opinion on the redesign of the church in Dobbertin 1854–1857
    • LHAS 12.3-6 Lisch estate.

Web links

Commons : Georg Christian Friedrich Lisch  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ A b Yearbooks of the Association for Meklenburg History and Antiquity . In: Georg Christian Friedrich Lisch (Hrsg.): Mecklenburgische Jahrbücher . tape 40 . Schwerin 1875, imprint ( [accessed on February 26, 2019]).
  2. Entry in the Rostock matriculation portal
  3. ^ Government Gazette No. 2 for the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, year 1853 of January 8, 1853.
  4. LHAS Nachlass Lisch , No. 175, letter from the entire Ministry of March 11, 1853, fol. I.
  5. Horst Ende: The monuments first approached historically. Mecklenburg-Magazin, regional supplement SVZ, April 27, 2001, No. 17.
  6. LHAS 3.2-3 / 1 Landeskloster / Klosteramt Dobbertin. No. 3235. Remodeling of the church in Dobbertin.
  7. Horst Ende: Calling attention to the importance of monument preservation. 2001, p. 5.
  8. Gert Oswald: Lexicon of Heraldry . VEB Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig 1984
  9. Friedrich Lisch Monument Prize and Think! Prize for children and young people from the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Administrative regulation of the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of April 11, 2013 - VII 410B - 3540-06 / 014 - VV Meckl.-Vorp. Eq. No. 224 - 12 (Official Gazette MV 2013, p. 410)