Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
|Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
|founder||Jonas Alströmer , Anders Johan von Höpken , Sten Carl Bielke , Carl von Linné , Mårten Triewald , Carl Wilhelm Cederhielm|
|people||Dan Larhammar (President)
Göran K. Hansson (Permanent Secretary)
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences ( Swedish Kungl. Vetenskapsakademien , an abbreviation of Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien ), KVA for short , is the highest scientific institution in Sweden . It has set itself the task of "promoting sciences, especially natural sciences and mathematics".
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences is based in the Swedish capital Stockholm and is known worldwide for the nomination of Nobel Prize winners in physics and chemistry as well as the award of the Alfred Nobel Memorial Prize for Economics , donated by the Swedish Reichsbank .
Together with the Institute of Physics , the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences publishes the journal Physica Scripta on behalf of the science academies and physics societies of the Scandinavian countries .
The academy was founded in 1739 on the model of the Royal Society of London and the Académie des sciences . The founding members included Carl von Linné , Jonas Alströmer , Mårten Triewald , Sten Carl Bielke , Carl Wilhelm Cederhielm and Anders Johan von Höpken .
The academy ( Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademien ) received its current structure and task around 1820 from Jöns Jakob Berzelius .
Permanent secretaries of the Academy
- 1739–1741: Anders Johan von Höpken
- April – June 1740: Augustin Ehrensvärd
- 1741-1744: Jacob Fagot
- 1744-1749: Pehr Elvius
- 1749–1783: Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin
- 1784–1796: Johan Carl Wilcke and Henric Nicander
- 1796–1803: Daniel Melanderhjelm and Henric Nicander
- 1803–1808: Jöns Svanberg and Carl Gustaf Sjöstén
- 1809–1811: Jöns Svanberg
- 1811-1818: Olof Peter Swartz
- 1818–1848: Jöns Jakob Berzelius
- 1848–1866: Peter Fredrik Wahlberg
- 1866–1901: Georg Lindhagen
- 1901–1923: Christopher Aurivillius
- 1923–1933: Henrik Gustaf Söderbaum
- 1933–1943: Henning Pleijel
- 1943–1959: Arne Westgren
- 1959–1972: Erik Rudberg
- 1973–1981: Carl Gustaf Bernhard
- 1981-1989: Tord Ganelius
- 1989–1997: Carl-Olof Jacobson
- 1997-2003: Erling Norrby
- 2003-2010: Gunnar Öquist
- 2010-2015: Staffan Normark
- since 2015: Göran K. Hansson
The academy is divided into ten classes:
- Astronomy and space science
- earth sciences
- Life sciences
- Medical sciences
- Technical Sciences
- Economic and social sciences
- Humanistic and other sciences, as well as outstanding services in science
The Academy has around 400 elected Swedish members (up to 175 of whom are under 65 years of age) and up to 175 foreign members.
The academy is also known for trying to make the sciences generally understandable for a larger group of people. To do this, she publishes several newspapers and magazines and organizes lectures.