Franz Bücheler

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Franz Bücheler

Franz Bücheler (born June 3, 1837 in Rheinberg ; † May 3, 1908 in Bonn ) was a German classical philologist .


Franz Bücheler was the son of the justice of the peace Anton Bücheler and his wife Dorothea geb. Lifting dispute. After attending elementary school and the Latin school of chaplain Joseph Krumpe, he went to the grammar school in Essen in the fall of 1848, where he passed the school leaving examination in the fall of 1852 (at the age of 15). From the winter semester of 1852/1853 he studied classical philology, archeology and ancient history at the University of Bonn . In addition to Friedrich Gottlieb Welcker , Ludwig Schopen and Otto Jahn , he was particularly influenced by Friedrich Ritschl , the famous text critic and connoisseur of Latin literature.

In Bonn, Bücheler and a few fellow students (including his lifelong friend Hermann Usener ) founded the Philological Association , which in the following years developed into the so-called Bonn Circle , to which students from all faculties belonged. Bücheler worked alongside his studies as an amanuensis at the university library . On March 13, 1856, when he was not yet 19, he received his doctorate with an award-winning treatise on Latin orthography at the time of Emperor Claudius .

After completing his doctorate and teaching qualification, Bücheler worked as a scientific assistant teacher at the Royal High School in Bonn. In addition, he continued to pursue his academic career. On March 1, 1858 , he completed his habilitation with a thesis on criticism and exegesis of Frontin's books on the Roman aqueducts. On October 21 of the same year he was appointed associate professor at the University of Freiburg im Breisgau on the recommendation of his teacher Ritschl .

In Freiburg he tried to set up the philological seminar based on the Bonn model, but resistance from colleagues and students and difficulties in obtaining books inhibited him. After his years at the large Bonn university, he felt cramped in the small Baden town. After all, he was made full professor on February 28, 1862 and was able to marry his fiancée Manuela Schleiden, the daughter of a mine director, on July 29, 1862. This marriage resulted in two sons and four daughters, the oldest of whom married the philologist Otto Hense .

Bücheler's time in Freiburg ended in the winter semester of 1865/1866, when he was appointed to Greifswald University on January 31, 1866 . He went there to succeed his friend Usener, who had moved to Bonn.

From 1870 Bücheler taught at the University of Bonn (as successor to Otto Jahn ). As early as 1865, when he was appointed to the new chair, he was third on the list of appointments behind Hermann Bonitz and Friedrich Heimsoeth ; Heimsoeth had received and accepted the call at that time. Bücheler was the successor to his teacher Otto Jahn and a colleague of his college friend Usener, with whom he led the philological seminar. In 1878/79 he was the rector of the university. In 1878 he became co-editor of the Rheinisches Museum für Philologie magazine . He was extraordinarily successful both as an academic teacher and as an editor of ancient writings.

Among his expenses were:

  • Frontini de aquis urbis Romae (Leipzig, 1858)
  • Pervigilium Veneris (Leipzig, 1859)
  • Petronii satirarum reliquiae (Berlin, 1862; 3rd edition, 1882)
  • Hymn Cereris Homericus (Leipzig, 1869)
  • Q. Ciceronis reliquiae (1869)
  • Herondae mimiambi (Bonn, 1892).

He also wrote Outline of the Latin Declination (1866); Das Recht von Gortyn (Frankfurt, 1885, with Ernst Zitelmann ) and got the third edition (1893) from Otto Jahns Persii, Juvenalis, Sulpiciae saturae .

In Bonn-Kessenich a street is named after Franz Bücheler today. He also found his final resting place in the old Kessenich cemetery .

Franz Bücheler's pupils included the archaeologist August Frickenhaus , the historian Friedrich Philippi and the philologists Johannes Geffcken and Eduard Norden .


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