Ludwig Lange (philologist)

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Christian Conrad Ludwig Lange (born March 4, 1825 in Hanover , † August 18, 1885 in Leipzig ) was a German classical philologist .


The son of the court baker Conrad Lange studied classical philology in Göttingen from 1843 , a. a. with Karl Friedrich Hermann , Friedrich Wilhelm Schneidewin and Ernst von Leutsch . While still a student, in 1846, he won a prize assignment from the philosophical faculty on the history of Roman warfare in the imperial era. A year later, in 1847, he received his doctorate with a dissertation on the subject of "Prolegomena to a Hyginus Edition" and passed the teacher examination for the subjects of classical languages ​​and history at the grammar school.

In the first half of 1848 he made a tour of Germany, a year later he completed his habilitation in Göttingen for linguistics and antiquity and in 1850 got a job as a library assistant there.

Lange became associate professor of classical philology in Prague in 1853, and full professor in 1855. In 1859 he received a call to Giessen and finally in 1871 to Leipzig , where he taught until shortly before his death. Lange also took part in the organizational tasks of the Leipzig University and was rector of the Alma Mater in 1879/80 . In 1863 he was elected a corresponding member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences . In 1871 he was accepted as a full member of the Royal Saxon Society of Sciences .

The unfinished Roman Antiquities can be regarded as his main work , which as a manual was devoted to the Roman antiquities of the Republic of the Republic and, in terms of scientific history, represent a forerunner of Theodor Mommsen's Roman State Law (1871–1888).

Since 1854 he was married to Adelheid Blume, with whom he had two sons, the art historian Konrad (1855-1921) and the physicist Ludwig (1863-1936), as well as two daughters, Sophie and Gertrud.

Fonts, in selection

  • Historiae mutationum rei militaris Romanorum inde ab interitu rei publicae usque ad Constantinum Magnum: libri tres , Göttingen (price work) 1846.
  • Prolegomena critica et historica in Hygini de munitionibus castrorum libellum , Phil. Diss. Göttingen 1847.
  • Hygini Gromatici Liber de Munitionibus castrorum , Göttingen 1848.
  • The Oscar inscription of the Tabula Bantina and the Roman People's Courts: an antiquarian linguistic treatise , Göttingen 1853.
  • The latest representations of the oldest period in Roman history . In: General monthly for science and literature 1854, pp. 793–859.
  • Classical philology in its position in relation to the general field of science and in its internal structure: an inaugural lecture given on April 24, 1855 , Prague 1855.
  • Number and authority of the consular tribunes . In: Journal for the Austrian Gymnasien 6, 1855, pp. 873–908.
  • Römische Alterthümer, Vol. 1: Introduction and the first half of the Staatsalterthümer , Berlin 1856 Google (2nd ed. 1863 Google ; 3rd ed. 1876).
  • Römische Alterthümer, Vol. 2: Der Staatsalterthümer, Second Part , Berlin 1862 Google (2nd edition 1867; 3rd edition 1879).
  • Roman antiquities, vol. 3: The third part of the Staatsalterthümer, first division , Berlin 1871 (2nd edition 1876).
  • Roman antiquities , 3 vols., ND d. Edition 1876–79: Olms, Hildesheim / New York 1974.
  • Small writings from the field of classical antiquity , 2 vols., Göttingen 1887 (vol. 1, pp. V-XL contains a portrait, abstract of life and list of writings by Lange).


  • Karl Christ : Roman History and German History , Munich 1982, p. 78.
  • Gustav Emil Lothholz:  Lange, Ludwig . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 51, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1906, pp. 573-576.
  • Karl Johannes Neumann : Ludwig Lange. A necrology . Berlin 1886 (= separate print from: Bursians Jahrbuch (Nekrologe) 45, 1886, pp. 31–61, with list of publications).
  • Martin Sicherheitsl : Classical Philology at the German University of Prague 1849–1945 . In: Eikasmós 14, 2003, pp. 393-419 ( pdf ).
  • Entry . In: Meyers Konversationslexikon . Leipzig / Vienna, 4th edition, 1885-1892, volume 10, p. 497.

Web links

Wikisource: Ludwig Lange  - Sources and full texts


  1. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 144.
  2. On the family, see the NDB article about his son by Peter Märker:  Lange, Konrad. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 13, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1982, ISBN 3-428-00194-X , p. 550 f. ( Digitized version ).