Kirchschlag near Linz
Kirchschlag near Linz
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Upper Austria|
|Political District :||Urfahr environment|
|License plate :||UU|
|Residents :||2,201 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||4202|
|Area code :||07215|
|Community code :||4 16 13|
|Address of the
4202 Kirchschlag near Linz
|Mayoress :||Gertraud Deim ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (2015)
|Location of Kirchschlag near Linz in the Urfahr-Umgebung district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Kirchschlag bei Linz is a municipality in Upper Austria in the Urfahr-Umgebung district in the upper Mühlviertel with 2201 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020). The community is located in the judicial district of Urfahr .
Kirchschlag near Linz is at an altitude of Mühlviertel , 10 km from the Upper Austrian capital Linz . The extension is 8.0 km from north to south and 3.7 km from west to east. The total area is 16.78 km².Höhe in the upper
The municipality includes the following localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
|Zwettl on the Rodl||Sonnberg in the Mühlkreis|
|Lichtenberg||Linz||Altenberg near Linz|
In 1349 the place was first mentioned in a document in connection with the Chappelln in the Chirchslag , whereby it is a branch church of Hellmonsödt .
The Bründl Chapel was built over a mineral spring in 1693 and converted into a well room in the first half of the 18th century. It houses a niche with a Pietà from the middle of the 18th century (today the Bründl Chapel is integrated into the building ensemble of the Villa Teutschmann).
Between 1745 and 1748, the single-nave church of St. Anna was largely rebuilt in the baroque style by the builder Johann Matthias Krinner .
In the first half of the 19th century, Kirchschlag developed into a popular summer recreation and excursion destination for the people of Linz . This is evidenced, among other things, by the guest book of the bath house, which Franz Haiböck senior published in 1838 and which shows the names of numerous well-known citizens of Linz. In addition to painters and draftsmen such as Joseph Löw (1770–1842; 1809–1825 drawing teacher at the Linz normal school), Johann Hardinger, Joseph Edlbacher (1817–1868), Ludwig Haase (1827–1907) and Hugo von Grienberger (1827–1902) drew Kirchschlag also approached the naturalists. The Linz city doctor Johann Duftschmid (1804–1866) carried out botanical studies in Kirchschlag, the results of which he published in 1855 in the Austrian botanical journal under the title Die Flora von Kirchschlag .
The first bourgeois country house in Kirchschlag was built by the Linz master builder Johann Metz in 1858 on the southern edge of the Rudolfswald, which he sold to a Linz officer's wife in 1871 (Kirchschlag No. 25). In 1861, master builder Metz bought the building site for a second villa on the southern edge of the Schauerwald, the upper or small Metz villa at No. 27, which he built above the church and sold to Prince Camillo Starhemberg in 1873. Also on the southern edge of the Schauerwald, the Linzer soap boiler and bookseller family Haslinger acquired a building plot from Blümelgut in 1861, where the young bookseller Kamillo Haslinger, who had a lung disease, successfully cured his illness. In the 1870s the row of villas No. 32–34 was built between the church and the Bründl House. Towards the end of the 19th century, summer excursions were accompanied by winter hikes. At the same time, the first stage of the villa construction came to an end, as the railway traffic made the alpine regions of Upper Austria easier to reach as a recreational area and many Linz families moved their summer homes there.
- Spa guest Adalbert Stifter
Adalbert Stifter was Kirchschlag's most famous spa guest. Between autumn 1865 and 1867 he lived five times on the "Berg Kirchschlag":
- From October 16, 1865 to March 31, 1866 he lived in Kirchschlag with short interruptions during the winter months, which was very unusual for the times. Because the guest room offered to him in villa no. 25 was not suitable for winter, he stayed at the Haiböck inn (Badhaus). The room number 1 is located in the southwest corner of the first floor. A wood-burning stove was installed in his room on October 17, and a front door was installed in front of his room door to protect him from the cold on October 31.
- from July 22nd to August 2nd, 1866
- from November 30 to December 2, 1866
- from June 19 to 25, 1867
- from September 19 to 28, 1867
For a walk, Stifter preferred to go to Glasau , where he posted letters to his wife Amalie and picked up her letters, and on to Hellmonsödt, where he looked for old furniture for his apartment in Linz. He wrote his novel Witiko , and his "Winter Letters" were published in the Linzer Zeitung .
Kirchschlag, which until then had belonged to the municipality of Hellmonsödt , was raised to an independent local church on January 1, 1921, and in 1924 was given a parish hall.
The state of Upper Austria acquired house no. 34 (Villa Grienberger) and opened it on June 1, 1925 as a children's rest home. On December 20, 1929, the province of Upper Austria bought the subsequent Deißinger Villa (No. 33) and on May 27, 1930 the Scheindler Villa (No. 26), the former country house of the Haslinger family, for the same purpose.
Between the two world wars, Linz's local mountains experienced the climax of their history as summer and winter hiking landscapes. Endless columns of day trippers climbed up between Lichtenberg and Breitenstein on Sundays.
In 1953 the Heinrichshof (No. 31) passed from the property of the Republic of Austria to that of the Province of Upper Austria, which established it as another children's rest home. In 1955 the Kirchschlag Ski Club was founded. In 1961 the construction of a new community hall began. The Anna Church was expanded towards the east after the Pesendorf beneficiary house was demolished.
coat of arms
Blazon : “A silver hill in blue, inside a blue disk, covered with a silver snow crystal. A golden sun breaking out of the upper right corner; on the left half a silver church starting from the edge of the shield with a buttress and on both sides of it a black arched window, the built-in tower on the left towering over the church roof with a black arched and above a round window as well as a curved helmet roof, a dome and a cross. “
The church colors are blue and white.
332 residents also had their second residence here.
The municipal council has 25 members.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Upper Austria in 2003, the municipal council had the following distribution: 15 ÖVP, 8 SPÖ and 2 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Upper Austria in 2009, the municipal council had the following distribution: 16 ÖVP, 6 SPÖ and 3 FPÖ.
- With the municipal council and mayoral elections in Upper Austria in 2015 , the municipal council has the following distribution: 12 ÖVP, 5 GREENS, 4 FPÖ, 2 SPÖ and 2 NEOS.
- until 2007 Johann Kaiser (ÖVP)
- since 2008 Gertraud Deim (ÖVP)
Culture and sights
- Wildberg Castle
- Catholic parish church Kirchschlag near Linz hl. Anna
- Founder's villa: Villa built in 1861. The poet Adalbert Stifter was a guest here during his stays for relaxation and cure.
- Davidschlag Observatory : Upper Austrian private observatory built in 1978/79, also active in research
freetime and sports
- Kirchschlag high ropes course
- Amonwarte on the Breitenstein: The Amonwarte is a lookout tower that is located on the Breitenstein and is accessible via several hiking trails.
- 41613 - Kirchschlag near Linz. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- Further information about the municipality of Kirchschlag near Linz on the geographic information system of the federal state of Upper Austria .
- Davidschlag observatory
- Map in the Digital Upper Austrian Room Information System ( DORIS )
- Literature on Kirchschlag in the forum OoeGeschichte.at
- Franz Pfeffer : Kirchschlag. The mountain village on the Breitenstein. In: Upper Austrian homeland sheets. Year 16, Linz 1962, pp. 30–54, online (PDF) in the forum OoeGeschichte.at
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Karl Hohensinner and Peter Wiesinger : Place Name Book of the Province of Upper Austria 10. The place names of the political district Urfahr-Umgebung (Middle Mühlviertel). Vienna 2006
- Löw, Joseph . In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 . 2nd revised edition (online only).
- Edlbacher, Joseph . In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 . 2nd revised edition (online only).
- Haase, Ludwig . In: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 . 2nd revised edition (online only).