2001

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2001
September 11, 2001, Skyline NY with burning WTC
Terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11th in the USA
Bush
George W. Bush becomes the 43rd President of the United States of America
BSE
The fear of BSE and foot and mouth disease is widespread
Annual dedications
Initiatives
Initiative Wissenschaft im Dialog of the BMBF : "Year of the Life Sciences"
United Nations : "International Year of Mobilization Against Racism , Racial Discrimination , Xenophobia and Related Intolerance "
United Nations : "Year of the Dialogue Between Cultures"
United Nations : "International Year of Volunteers"
Nature and species protection
Medicinal Plant of the Year : arnica
Tree of the year : Ash
Biotope of the year : flow
Flower of the year : Blood-red cranesbill
Fish of the year : European sturgeon
River landscape of the year : The Gottleuba
Vegetables of the year : tomato
Pet of the year : Bavarian land goose , Bergischer Kräher , Bergischer Schlotterkamm and Krüper
Medicinal plant of the year : thyme
Insect of the year (Germany) : Flat-bellied dragonfly
Landscape of the year : Old Flanders
Orchid of the year : Autumn rootwort
Mushroom of the year : Meander truffle
Spider of the year : Wasp spider
Perennial of the year : Bellflower
Fruit variety of the year : Red star ribbon
Animal of the year : Brown hare
Bird of the year (Germany) : Great crested grebe
Bird of the year (Switzerland) : cuckoo
Tags
Word of the year (Germany): September 11th
Unword of the year (Germany): God warrior
Rate of the year (Germany): And that's (also) a good thing! "
Stock exchange news of the year : Profit warning
Word of the year (Austria): Zero deficit
Unword of the year (Austria) non-resident

The year 2001 was the first year of the 21st century . The most defining event was the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in the USA, in which around 3,000 people were killed. The attacks are often referred to as a historic turning point and led to ongoing debates about changes in domestic and foreign policy both in the USA and in Europe. They led the war in Afghanistan into a new phase and served as the basis for the Iraq war that began two years later . On the basis of the event, tensions between the Muslim and Western world increased.

2001 in other calendars
From urbe condita 2754
Armenian calendar 1449-1450
Ethiopian calendar 1993-1994
Badi calendar 157-158
Bengali calendar 1407-1408
Berber calendar 2951
Buddhist calendar 2545
Burmese calendar 1363
Byzantine calendar 7509-7510
Chinese calendar
 - era 4697-4698 or
4637-4638
 - 60 year cycle

Metal dragon (庚辰, 17) -
metal snake (辛巳, 18)

French
revolution calendar
CCIX - CCX
209-210
Hebrew calendar 5761-5762
Hindu calendar
 - Vikram Sambat 2057-2058
 - Shaka Samvat 1923-1924
Iranian calendar 1379-1380
Islamic calendar 1421-1422
Japanese calendar
 - Nengō (era): Heisei 13
 - Kōki 2661
Coptic Calendar 1717-1718
Korean calendar
 - Dangun era 4334
 - Juche era 90
Minguo calendar 90
Modern Olympics XXVII
Seleucid calendar 2312-2313
Thai solar calendar 2544

events

Politics and world events

January

February

March

The German-language Wikipedia is founded on March 16.

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

  • 0December 1: The parliamentary election in Taiwan ends with the victory of the Democratic Progressive Party of President Chen Shui-bian, who was elected the previous year .
  • 0December 2nd: Referendum in Switzerland to abolish the army
  • 0December 5: The United National Front wins the general election in Sri Lanka .
  • 0December 8: Adoption of the " EU - Japan Action Plan"
  • December 11: The People's Republic of China joins the World Trade Organization ( WTO) .
  • December 13: A terrorist attack is carried out on the Indian Parliament in New Delhi, killing 14 people, including the perpetrators.
  • December 14: In France is the first country euro - starter in nominal value issued from 15.25 euros at the price of 100 French francs. However, it will only be possible to pay with the coins from January 1, 2002.
  • December 16: Parliamentary elections in Chile
  • December 16: Presidential election in Madagascar
  • December 17: In Germany, the Euro starter kits with a face value of 10.23 euros are issued at a price of 20.00 German marks .
  • December 19: During the Argentina crisis , violence breaks out in Buenos Aires among cacerolazos, who are massively supported by the population, against restricting cash withdrawals. Including the following day, 28 people die. The government allows a maximum of 250 pesos per week to be withdrawn per account in the so-called Corralito in order to limit the escape into the US dollar .
  • December 19: In Mongolia , Tosentsengel measured 1,085.7 hectopascal air pressure , the highest value in the world to date.
  • December 20: The basic military service in the German armed forces is shortened by the parliament from ten to nine months.
  • December 22: The German Bundestag approves the deployment of German armed forces to implement Resolution 1386 of the UN Security Council with a large majority. The dispatch of troops to Afghanistan means the first non-European combat mission for members of the German armed forces .
  • December 22: In Kabul is Hamid Karzai appointed head of the transitional government
  • December 23: Comoros . Adoption of the new constitution by referendum
  • December 27: Elections in Zambia
  • December 31: Latvia . The OSCE observation is ended

business

science and technology

society

Culture

music

See also: Number one hits 2001 in Australia , Belgium , Denmark , Germany , Finland , France , Greece , Ireland , Italy , Japan , Canada , New Zealand , the Netherlands , Norway , Austria , Poland , Portugal , Romania , Sweden , the Switzerland , Singapore , Spain , Hungary , the United States and the United Kingdom .

See also: Category: Music 2001

religion

  • February 21: The future Pope Francis and Karl Lehmann , chairman of the German Bishops' Conference, are accepted into the College of Cardinals.

See also: Category: Religion 2001

Sports

Oliver Kahn saved three penalties in the Champions League final.

For entries of athletics world records, see the respective discipline under athletics .

Disasters

Born

First half of the year

Second half of the year

Day unknown

Died

This is a list of the most important people who passed away in 2001. For a more detailed list see Nekrolog 2001 .

January

February

March

April

May

Douglas Adams , photograph by Michael Hughes

June

Anthony Quinn († June 3)
Jack Lemmon († June 27)

July

Morris (Maurice de Bevere), 1971
  • July 16: Morris , Belgian comic artist and author (Lucky Luke) (* 1923)
  • July 16: Pierre Pidoux , Swiss Protestant church musician and musicologist (* 1905)
  • July 16: Beate Uhse , German pilot and founder of the sex shop of the same name (* 1919)
  • July 18: Fabio Taglioni , Italian motorcycle designer (* 1920)
  • July 20: Carlo Giuliani , Italian opponent of globalization (* 1978)
  • July 21: Steve Barton , American singer (born 1954)
  • July 21: Oscar Cardozo Ocampo , Argentine arranger, pianist and composer (* 1942)
  • July 21: Sivaji Ganesan , Indian film actor (* 1927)
  • July 21: Einar Schleef , German writer and director (* 1944)
  • July 22nd: Dioris Valladares , Puerto Rican composer, arranger, singer, band leader, guitarist and percussionist (* 1916)
  • July 23: Eudora Welty , American writer and photographer (* 1909)
  • July 25th: Phoolan Devi , Indian bandit queen and politician (* 1963)

August

  • 0August 1: Jay Chamberlain , American racing driver (* 1925)
  • 0August 1: Wilhelm Ernst , German moral theologian (* 1927)
  • 0August 1: Mario Perazzolo , Italian football player and coach (* 1911)
  • 0August 3: Hans Holt , Austrian actor (* 1909)
  • 0August 3: Stefan Rachoń , Polish violinist and conductor (* 1906)
  • 0August 4: Claude Bloodgood , American murderer and chess player (* 1937)
  • 0August 5: Ingo Braecklein , German bishop of the Protestant regional church of Thuringia (* 1906)
  • 0August 5th: Bahne Rabe , German rower (* 1963)
  • 0August 6: Jorge Amado , Brazilian author (* 1912)
  • 0August 6: Robert Dunham , American actor (born 1931)
  • 0August 6: Wilhelm Mohnke , German SS brigade leader and major general of the Waffen SS (* 1911)
  • 0August 7: Larry Adler , American harmonica player and author (* 1914)
  • 0August 9: Albino Milani , Italian motorcycle racer (* 1910)
  • 0August 9: Otti Pfeiffer , German poet and author of children's and young adult books (* 1931)
  • August 10: Werner Pirchner , Austrian composer (* 1940)
  • August 10: Otto Schulmeister , Austrian journalist, long-time editor-in-chief (* 1916)
  • August 16: Götz von Houwald , German diplomat, ethnologist and historian (* 1913)
  • August 16: Johannes Mischo , German parapsychologist (* 1930)
  • August 17th: Hermann Steuri , Swiss mountain guide and ski racer (* 1909)
  • August 18: Roland Cardon , Belgian composer and professor (* 1929)
  • August 19: Donald Woods , South African lawyer and journalist (* 1933)
  • August 20: Fred Hoyle , British astronomer, mathematician and author (born 1915)
  • August 22: Otto Borst , German historian (* 1924)
  • August 22nd: Olaf Koch , German conductor and university professor (* 1932)
  • August 23: Kathleen Freeman , American actress (* 1919)
  • August 24: Bernard Heuvelmans , Belgian-French zoologist (* 1916)
  • August 24: Donald A. Prater , English writer, Germanist and diplomat (* 1918)
  • August 25: Aaliyah , American rhythm and blues singer (* 1979)
  • August 25: Ken Tyrrell , British racing driver and founder of the Tyrrell Formula 1 team (* 1924)
  • August 26th: Marita Petersen first female head of government in the Faroe Islands (* 1940)
  • August 27: Witold Krzemieński , Polish composer, conductor and music teacher (* 1909)
  • August 27: Abu Ali Mustafa , Palestinian political leader (* 1938)
  • August 27: Franz Nauber , German horn player (* 1911)
  • August 28: Remy A. Presas , Filipino martial arts trainer (* 1936)
  • August 30: Govan Mbeki , South African leader of the anti-apartheid movement (* 1910)

September

October

November

Regine Hildebrandt († November 26th)
George Harrison († November 29)

December

Stefan Heym († December 16)

Day unknown

Nobel Prizes

Web links

Commons : 2001  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files