German Lawyers' Day
The German Juristentag is a registered and recognized non-profit association whose members are lawyers. In general, the German Juristentag is also known as its conference, which takes place every two years and is held as a legal policy congress with 2,500 to 3,500 participants. The association currently (2014) has around 7,000 members.
Anyone who has passed at least one state examination in law or is a law student can become a member. The organs of the association are the general assembly, which meets every two years, the permanent deputation and the executive committee. The members of the permanent deputation are elected for six years by the general assembly. Only one re-election is permitted. The permanent deputation elects the executive committee (chairman, deputy and treasurer) from among its members, who form the executive committee within the meaning of BGB . Currently (as of February 2020) these are Mathias Habersack (chairman), Marie Luise Graf-Schlicker (deputy chairwoman) and Peter Hemeling (treasurer). As President, the chairman leads the congresses of the German Juristentag. These are each prepared by a local committee. The General Secretary (currently Andreas Nadler) is in charge of the German Juristentag.
Further members of the permanent deputation are Martin Beckmann , Nina Dethloff , Martin Franzen , Beate Gsell , Peter Hemeling, Johanna Hey , Wolfgang Kahl , Sibylle Kessal-Wulf , Rainer Klocke, Thomas Mayen, Anja Mengel, Hubert Meyer, Anke Müller-Jacobsen, Angelika Nußberger , Henning Radtke , Peter Rawert , Helmut Satzger , Rainer Schlegel , Max-Jürgen Seibert, Jochen Vetter, Eva Voßkuhle and Gerhard Wagner .
The first German Jurists Conference took place in Berlin in 1860. One of its founders was Karl Christian Eduard Hiersemenzel , who published the legal journal as early as 1859. The regular episode was interrupted during the First World War. The Juristentag, scheduled for autumn 1933, was canceled by the Permanent Deputation after the National Socialists seized power "with consideration for the fundamental transformation of the German state and legal system, which was still completely in flux". The Association of National Socialist German Jurists , however, organized its 4th Reichstag in Leipzig under the name "Deutscher Juristentag 1933". The chairman of the association, Heinrich Triepel , distanced himself from this event in a circular to the members and stated that he would no longer levy membership fees, as it was not yet possible to foresee when the association would be able to resume its work. In 1937 the association was forcibly dissolved. In 1949, the organizing organization was re-established as an association under the name Deutscher Juristentag e. V. written. It meets every two years in a different German city. The 46th German Juristentag in Essen in 1966 was of particular importance, when the criminal treatment of Nazi crimes was discussed as part of the special event "Problems of the prosecution and punishment of Nazi violent crimes". The event was organized by the then President Ernst Friesenhahn. Today it is assigned a signal character for the subsequent coming to terms with the crimes of National Socialism. The 68th German Jurists Day, during which the 150th anniversary of the association was celebrated, took place from September 21 to 24, 2010 in Berlin .
With regard to Austria, there was a renaissance of Austrian legal life after 1945 with the restoration of the independent Austrian state. Legal associations were revived (Vienna Legal Society, Society for Criminal Law and Criminology) but also newly founded in other federal states (Salzburg, Graz, Linz, Klagenfurt) and on September 22, 1959, the Austrian Lawyers Association (ÖJT) was constituted at the urging of Wilhelm Malaniuk , who later became President of the Vienna Higher Regional Court .
The aim of the Juristentag is the further development of the law by scientifically examining the necessity of changing the legal system, making public proposals for changes to the law and pointing out irregularities in law that the German Juristentag considers as such. It is considered a great academic honor among lawyers to be able to comment on their subject area before this forum.
Previous legal days
|1||1860||Berlin||Karl Georg von Wächter|
|2||1861||Dresden||Johann Caspar Bluntschli|
|3||1862||Vienna||Karl Georg von Wächter|
|4th||1863||Mainz||Karl Georg von Wächter|
|5||1864||Braunschweig||Karl Georg von Wächter|
|6th||1867||Munich||Karl Georg von Wächter|
|7th||1868||Hamburg||Rudolf von Gneist|
|8th||1869||Heidelberg||Johann Caspar Bluntschli|
|9||1871||Stuttgart||Rudolf von Gneist|
|10||1872||Frankfurt am Main||Rudolf von Gneist|
|11||1873||Hanover||Rudolf von Gneist|
|12||1875||Nuremberg||Rudolf von Gneist|
|13||1876||Salzburg||Rudolf von Gneist|
|14th||1878||Jena||Rudolf von Gneist|
|16||1882||kassel||Rudolf von Gneist|
|17th||1884||Wurzburg||Rudolf von Gneist|
|18th||1886||Wiesbaden||Rudolf von Gneist|
|20th||1889||Strasbourg||Rudolf von Gneist|
|22nd||1893||augsburg||Rudolf von Gneist|
|28||1906||Kiel||Justus von Olshausen|
|38||1950||Frankfurt am Main||Ernst Wolff|
- Hermann Conrad , Gerhard Dilcher , Hans-Joachim Kurland: The German Juristentag: 1860-1994. Beck, Munich 1997, ISBN 3-406-40552-5 .
- Stefan Freuding: Der Deutsche Juristentag 1960 to 2004. Beck, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-406-54552-1 .
- Peter Landau : The German jurists and the National Socialist German Juristentag in Leipzig 1933. In: Zeitschrift für Neuere Rechtsgeschichte , year 1993/1994, pp. 373-390.
- Rainer Maria Kiesow: The days of lawyers. The German Lawyers' Association is 150 years old. In: myops , No. 10, 2010, pp. 4-18; Excerpt on p. 4–7 (PDF; 104 kB).
- The association , presentation on the website of the German Juristentag. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- Lothar Becker: "Steps on a sloping path": The archive of public law (AöR) and German constitutional law in the Third Reich (= contributions to the legal history of the 20th century . Volume 24 ). Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 1999, p. 110 f .
- Peter Landau : The German Jurists and the National Socialist German Juristentag in Leipzig 1933 . In: Zeitschrift für Neuere Rechtsgeschichte , Volume 1993/1994, pp. 373-390.
- The German Juristentag 1933 in Leipzig. The rise of the Association of National Socialist German Lawyers and the self-mobilization of the professional legal elite. Silvan Schenkel, accessed on April 1, 2016 (images and further information on the Juristentag 1933).
- Rainer Maria Kiesow: The days of the lawyers. The German Lawyers' Association is 150 years old. In: myops , No. 10, 2010, pp. 4-18; Excerpt on p. 4–7 (PDF; 104 kB).
- Homepage of the Austrian Lawyers' Association.