Peter Landau

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Peter Landau (born February 26, 1935 in Berlin ; † May 23, 2019 in Munich ) was a German legal scholar, legal historian and canonist .

Live and act

After attending school in Berlin and Eisenberg in Thuringia , Landau studied law, history and philosophy at the Free University of Berlin , at the University of Freiburg / Breisgau and at the University of Bonn from 1953 to 1958, and as a post-graduate at Yale University , where he mainly worked Stephan Kuttner was coined. In 1962, the year of the Spiegel affair , he organized the largest student demonstration against Franz Josef Strauss in the Federal Republic of Germany. After a doctorate (1964) and habilitation (1968) with Hermann Conrad in Bonn, Landau was appointed full professor at the University of Regensburg in 1968 . There he acted as Vice Rector of the University in 1970/71 and as Dean of the Faculty of Law from 1979 to 1981.

This was followed by research stays at the University of California, Berkeley (1977) and teaching as a visiting professor at the University of Chicago (1984), as well as an appointment as a member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences (1985). From 1986 to 2012 Landau was a member of the central editorial team of Monumenta Germaniae Historica (MGH). After Landau had rejected offers to the University of Frankfurt (1983) and to the University of California, Berkeley (1986), in 1987 he accepted a position at the University of Munich for a chair in German legal history, recent private law history, canon law, civil law, legal and state philosophy. Associated with this was the position of director of the Leopold Wenger Institute for Legal History. In 1990/91 Landau did a research stay at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton . In Munich, Landau was Dean of the Law Faculty from 1993 to 1995. From 1988 to 2000, Landau was President of the Society for Medieval Canon Law in Zurich; since 1994 he has also been a member of the advisory board of the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History in Frankfurt am Main. Landau turned down another call to the University of Leipzig in 1993. Landau was released in 2003; Harald Siems was the successor to his chair . Landau was President of the Stephan Kuttner Institute of Medieval Canon Law from 1991 to 2016 ; from 2016 he was Honorary President of this institute. Landau lived in Munich. He married in 1971. The marriage had two children.

Landau was a member of the SPD and a longstanding member of the party's federal arbitration commission. He was one of the Seeheimers within the SPD and was a founding member of the regional association Seeheimer Oberbayern .

He was considered one of the world's leading canonists, who emerged primarily through his work on medieval canon law and also on Protestant canon law. In his dissertation he dealt with the concept of infamy . The habilitation examined the patronage law in the 12th and 13th centuries. In addition, he was also interested in the philosophy of law and the state . He also devoted himself to coming to terms with National Socialism and anti-Semitism . He wrote an extensive article on the fate of Jewish lawyers. It is thanks to him that the Stephan Kuttner Institute of Medieval Canon Law, which is run in Yale and Berkeley, was relocated to the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich in 1991. Landau has on the International Medieval Congress Leeds in 2004 and on the 35th German Law Historians postulated in Bonn same year that the Sachsenspiegel of Eike von Repgow in Cistercian abbey Altzella was written.

Landau has received numerous scientific honors and memberships for his research. He received honorary doctorates from the Canon Institute of the University of Munich (1997), the University of Basel (1998) and the Paris University of Panthéon-Assas (2001). He was a corresponding member of the Medieval Academy of America (2001) and the Accademia degli Intronati in Siena . In 2011 Landau was awarded the Bavarian Constitutional Medal in silver. For his services to the Monumenta Germaniae Historica he was honored in March 2015 with the Freiherr vom Stein medal of the MGH.

The first Bavarian Prime Minister Kurt Eisner (USPD) also belonged to Landau's research areas outside the narrower subject . Landau called, among other things, to rename the Munich Promenadeplatz to Kurt-Eisner-Platz.

Fonts (selection)

  • The emergence of the canonical concept of infamy from Gratian to Glossa Ordinaria (= research on ecclesiastical legal history and canon law. Vol. 5, ZDB -ID 503916-2 ). Böhlau, Cologne et al. 1966, (at the same time: Bonn, university, dissertation, 1964).
  • Jus Patronatus. Studies on the development of patronage in decretal law and canons of the 12th and 13th centuries (= research on church legal history and canon law. Vol. 12). Böhlau, Cologne et al. 1975, ISBN 3-412-11575-4 (at the same time: Bonn, University, habilitation paper, 1968).
  • Canons and decretals. Contributions to the history of the sources of canon law (= Bibliotheca eruditorum. Volume 2). Keip, Goldbach 1997, ISBN 3-8051-0200-3 .
  • Philosophy of Law under the dictatorship. Three examples of German legal thought during the Second World War (= Würzburg lectures on legal philosophy, legal theory and legal sociology. Volume 29). Nomos, Baden-Baden 2002, ISBN 3-7890-7723-2 ( review ).
  • Basics and history of Protestant church law and state church law (= Jus Ecclesiasticum. Volume 92). Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2010 ISBN 978-3-16-149455-0 .
  • The Archipoeta - Germany's first poet lawyer. News on the identification of the political poet of the Barbarossa period (= Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Philosophical-Historical Class. Session reports. Year 2011, Issue 3). Publishing house of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences, Munich 2011, ISBN 978-3-7696-1658-3 .
  • European legal history and canon law in the Middle Ages. Selected essays from 1967 to 2006. With addenda by the author and index. Bachmann, Badenweiler 2013, ISBN 978-3-940523-13-6 .
  • German legal history in the context of Europe. 40 essays from four decades, provided with an addenda, index and a complete bibliography by the author. Bachmann, Badenweiler 2016, ISBN 978-3-940523-14-3 .


Web links


  1. Peter Landau's obituaries in the Süddeutsche Zeitung, accessed on May 31, 2019
  2. ^ Heribert Prantl: Obituary. The legal scholar Peter Landau is dead , June 27, 2019.
  3. Peter Landau in the AdsD of the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung , accessed on March 27, 2012.
  4. a b Honor from the Landtag. Bavarian Constitutional Medal for Prof. Dr. Landau . In: Wochenanzeiger Munich . Südost-Kurier dated December 6, 2011 (accessed March 27, 2012).
  5. SPD local association Trudering-Riem: SPD Trudering-Riem congratulates Prof. Dr. Dr. HC mult. Peter Landau on the 80th ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) , March 3, 2015, (accessed April 14, 2015).
  6. ^ Peter Landau: Jurists of Jewish origin in the German Empire and in the Weimar Republic. In: Helmut Heinrichs et al. (Ed.): German lawyers of Jewish origin. Munich 1993. pp. 133-213.
  7. Thomas Duve: How the Curia put its law. Savigny's and Kuttner's legacy: On the death of canonist Peter Landau. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , May 28, 2019, No. 123, p. 12.
  8. Peter Landau: The place of origin of the Sachsenspiegel. Eike von Repgow, Altzelle and the Anglo-Norman canon. In: German Archive for Research into the Middle Ages 61 (2005), pp. 73-101 ( online ).
  9. Political Tuesday with Peter Landau (lecture)