Stephan Georg Kuttner (born March 24, 1907 in Bonn ; † August 12, 1996 in Berkeley ) was a German-American canon lawyer .
Stephan Kuttner came from a Jewish-Protestant family and was the son of civil lawyer Georg Kuttner . He studied law at the universities of Frankfurt am Main and Freiburg im Breisgau . In 1928 he went to the criminal lawyer Eduard Kohlrausch in Berlin. In 1930 he did his doctorate with Kohlrausch with the thesis The legal nature of false evidence . In 1932 he converted to Catholicism . With Kohlrausch habilitation was also a topic on the guilt teaching and the intellectual origins in canon law denied. But the National Socialist takeover prevented the habilitation. In Rome, Kuttner found a job in the Biblioteca Vaticana . In 1937 he became a professor at the Lateran University . The introduction of the racial laws in fascist Italy made Kuttner's stay there increasingly dangerous. The way out came in 1940 with an appointment at the Catholic University of America . In 1962 he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences , 1964 to the British Academy and 1965 to the American Philosophical Society . In 1964 he went to Yale University as Professor of Roman Catholic Studies . In 1970 he was called to Berkeley . He worked there until 1988.
His most important works are the Canonical Guidelines of 1935 and the Repertory of Canonical Studies from 1937. The repertory gave for the first time an overview of the canonical manuscripts of Europe from the period between 1140 and 1234. It is still one of the main tools of a canonist working through the High Middle Ages. In 1943 he founded the magazine Traditio . In 1955 he established the Institute of Medieval Canon Law, which was renamed the Stephan Kuttner Institute of Medieval Canon Law in 1996 . Pope Paul VI appointed him in 1967 to the commission for the drafting of the new Codex Iuris Canonici . Kuttner received at least seventeen honorary doctorates in various countries (including an honorary doctorate from the University of Cambridge in 1978). In 1969 he was honored with the order Pour le Mérite . He was a member of the Medieval Academy of America and the Institut de France . On his sixtieth birthday, a four-volume commemorative publication was published under the title Collectanea Stephan Kuttner (Bologna 1967); For his eightieth birthday, the canonical department of the Savigny Foundation's journal dedicated a volume to him.
- The legal nature of false evidence. A contribution to the history and systematics of oaths, at the same time to the question of a limitation of criminal liability to significant false statements. De Gruyter, Berlin 1931.
- Canonical doctrine of guilt by Gratian down to the decretals of Gregory IX. Systematically presented based on the handwritten sources. Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Cittá del Vaticano 1935.
- Repertory of Canon Studies (1140–1234) = Prodromus corporis glossarum. Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Città del Vaticano 1937.
- Gratian and the Schools of Law. 1140-1234. Variorum, London 1983, ISBN 0-86078-133-X .
- Studies in the History of Medieval Canon Law. Variorum, Aldershot 1990, ISBN 0-86078-274-3 .
- Horst Fuhrmann : Stephan Kuttner: Canon law as a theory of harmony. In: Ders .: People and Merits. A personal portrait gallery. Beck, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-406-47221-4 , pp. 220-230.
- Horst Fuhrmann: Obituary Stephan Kuttner. In: German Archive for Research into the Middle Ages . Vol. 53 (1997), pp. 411-413 ( digitized version ).
- Andreas Hetzenecker: Stephan Kuttner in America 1940–1964. Foundation of modern historical-canonical research (= writings on legal history. Vol. 133). Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2007, ISBN 3-428-12225-9 .
- Peter Landau : Stephan Kuttner's scientific work. In: Rivista Internationale di Diritto Commune. Vol. 7 (1996), pp. 13-20 ( online ).
- Barbara Wolf-Dahm: Stephan Kuttner. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 4, Bautz, Herzberg 1992, ISBN 3-88309-038-7 , Sp. 533-533.
- Raoul C. Van Caenegem: Legal historians I have known: a personal memoir. In: legal history . Vol. 17 (2010), pp. 253-299.
- Ludwig Schmugge : Stephan Kuttner (1907–1996): The 'Pope' of Canon Law Studies: Between Germany, the Vatican and the USA. In: Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law Ser. NS , Vol. 30 (2013) pp. 141–166
- Ludwig Schmugge : The canon lawyer Stephan Kuttner between Germany and Rome up to emigration to the USA (1930-1940). In: Michael Matheus , Stefan Heid (Ed.): Places of Refuge and Personal Networks. The Campo Santo Teutonico and the Vatican 1933–1955. Herder, Freiburg 2015, ISBN 978-3-451-30930-4 , pp. 76-93
- Werner Röder; Herbert A. Strauss (Ed.): Biographisches Handbuch der Deutschensprachigen Emigration nach 1933 / International Biographical Dictionary of Central European Emigrés 1933–1945. Vol. 2 / Part 1: A – K. Saur, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-598-10089-2 , p. 676f.
- Literature by and about Stephan Kuttner in the catalog of the German National Library
- ^ Deceased Fellows. British Academy , accessed August 15, 2020.
- ↑ Member History: Stephan George Kuttner. American Philosophical Society , accessed January 4, 2019.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Kuttner, Stephan Georg|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German-American canon lawyer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 24, 1907|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Bonn|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 12, 1996|
|Place of death||Berkeley|