|publishing company||Hohwacht ( Germany )|
|First edition||May 7, 1848|
|attitude||September 3, 1944|
|Frequency of publication||weekly|
Kladderadatsch was a German-language political- satirical , weekly magazine that appeared from 1848 to 1944. The name of the magazine is derived from the onomatopoeic Berlin expression Kladderadatsch , which means something like "something falls down and breaks into pieces with a crash". The title of the magazine made the term so popular that it became a political catchphrase that ironically used - especially by August Bebel - characterized the collapse of bourgeois society.
Founder was the liberal Berlin humorist David Kalisch , son of a Jewish businessman and well-known author of light comedies; The publisher was the bookseller Heinrich Albert Hofmann , later the publisher traded as A. Hofmann und Comp. The first edition, written entirely by Kalisch, appeared on May 7, 1848 with a circulation of 4,000 copies and was sold out on the same day. On the occasion of the celebration of the appearance of the thousandth number, the Lower Silesian composer Rudolf Bial created the Kladderadatsch Jubilee March in 1866 . The magazine later represented a national-liberal outlook and supported Bismarck's policies.
“… A weekly joke that primarily cultivates political satire and is particularly popular with Ernst Dohm , Rudolf Löwenstein and the illustrator Wilhelm Scholz , whose caricatures refer to Napoléon III. and Bismarck gained great popularity, was elevated to literary and artistic importance. The permanent figures Müller and Schultze, Zwickauer, Karlchen Mießnick and others invented by the "scholars" of Kladderadatsch. a. have become popular. Johannes Trojan is currently (1905) editor. The most outstanding artistic collaborators are G. Brandt and L. Stutz. "
The popularity of the Witzblatt, which enjoyed a monopoly in the Prussian capital, evoked parodic imitations as early as the year it was founded. First reactionary special edition of the Kladderadatsch , the New Year's Pladderadatsch and the Carnival newspaper in the manner of the Kladderadatsch . In Leipzig, during the Franco-German War in 1870, a Kladderadatsch appeared on the battlefield . The editors themselves published numerous special issues and, from 1850 to 1887, the humoristic-satyrical folk calendar every year. Another side project of the publisher Hofmann was his humorous railroad and travel library , which Schultze and Müller sent to the Rhine, the Harz and European metropolises.
From 1872 to 1884 the KSCV, as an umbrella organization, as well as individual corps , old gentlemen's associations and a large number of other corporations, used the satirical magazine Kladderadatsch, which is very popular in academic circles, as a publication organ.
After the First World War there was a drop in circulation. In 1923 Hofmann-Verlag sold the magazine to the Stinnes Company of the industrialist Hugo Stinnes . The content became increasingly right-wing and denounced moderate politicians of the Weimar Republic. Hitler and National Socialism were supported as early as 1923 . The cartoons became increasingly anti-Semitic.
In September 1933, Hermann Göring was caricatured who greeted experimental animals with the Hitler salute and was greeted back by them with the same. The background to the cartoon was a Nazi law of August 1933 that banned animal experiments for animal welfare reasons.
Special issues of the Kladderadatsch
- Kladderadatsch in London. Humorous descriptions of the industrial exhibition (8 deliveries, 1851)
- Bismarck album by Kladderadatsch (300 drawings by Wilhelm Scholz , 1890, 27th edition 1900) online edition
- A war memorial book in Ernst and Humor from the Kladderadatsch from 1870 and 1871 by Johannes Trojan and Julius Lohmeyer (1891)
- In a great year. 1st year of the Kladderadatsch 1848, with notes and explanations (1898)
- The history of the Kladderadatsch . In: The Gazebo . Issue 13, 1867, pp. 203-206 ( full text [ Wikisource ]).
- Max Ring : David Kalisch, the father of Kladderadatsch and founder of the Berlin local posse . E. Staude, Berlin 1873, OCLC 34712044 .
- Kladderadatsch: humorous-satirical weekly paper. The war numbers of the Kladderadatsch . Hofmann, Berlin 1895, OCLC 605515357 .
- R. Hofmann: The Kladderadatsch and his people 1848–1898 . 1898, OCLC 12880415 .
- Bismarck album by Kladderadatsch 1849–1898 . With drawings by Wilhelm Scholz a. a. 31st edition. Hofmann, Berlin 1915, OCLC 49942826 .
- Johannes Trojan: In the pillory. England album of Kladderadatsch, from the time of the Boer War to the present . Drawings by Gustav Brandt…, texts by Johannes Trojan a. a., Hofmann, Berlin 1915, DNB 361583370 .
- Christian Gehring: The development of the political joke sheet in Germany . Leipzig 1927, DNB 57022389X (Philosophical dissertation University of Leipzig 1929, 91 pages).
- Ingrid Berck: The foreign policy struggle of the "Kladderadatsch" in the first imperial decade 1870/1880 with special consideration of the Orient crisis: A contribution to the research of the Politischer Witzblattes in the 19th century. o. O. 1945, DNB 570011582 (Dissertation University of Heidelberg, Philosophical Faculty, 1945, 123, IV pages with pasted images)
- Liesel Hartenstein (Ed.): Facsimile cross-section through the Kladderadatsch. Foreword: Hans Rothfels. Scherz, Munich 1965 ( Facsimile cross-sections through old newspapers and magazines. 5)
- Klaus Schulz: Kladderadatsch: a bourgeois joke sheet from the March Revolution to National Socialism 1848–1944 (= Bochum Studies for Journalism and Communication Studies , Volume 2). Brockmeyer, Bochum 1975, DNB 760070377 (Dissertation University of Bochum, Department of Philology, 1975, 264 pages).
- Kladderadatsch (= The bibliophile paperbacks , volume 3, reprint of the year 1848), Harenberg Kommunikation, Dortmund 1978, ISBN 3-921846-03-X .
- Helmuth Rogge: The Kladderadatsch Affair . In: Historische Zeitschrift 195 (1962), pp. 90-130.
- Ingrid Heinrich-Jost (Hrsg.): Kladderadatsch: the story of a Berlin joke from 1848 to the Third Reich . Leske, Cologne 1982, ISBN 3-921490-25-1 .
- Ursula E. Koch: The devil in Berlin. From the March Revolution to Bismarck's dismissal. Illustrated political joke sheets of a metropolis 1848–1890. Leske, Cologne 1991, ISBN 3-921490-38-3 , pp. 131-142.
- Frank Zeiler: Constitutional satiricals between hostility to the republic, rational republicanism and loyalty to the republic. A representation of the picture contributions to the Weimar Constitution in the satirical magazines Kladderadatsch , Simplicissimus , Der Wahre Jacob and Lachen Links. In: Yearbook of contemporary legal history . Volume 17, 2016, p. 397 ff. ( Freidok.uni-freiburg.de ).
- Books the world still needs. Advertisements and reviews of the Kladderadatsch from 1872 to 1907 , compiled, edited and provided with an afterword by Ulrich Goerdten . Edition Schwarzdruck, Gransee 2018, ISBN 978-3-935194-95-2 .
- Kladderadatsch - digital (Heidelberg University Library) The years 1848 to 1944 were digitized.
- ↑ Kladderadatsch. In: Jacob Grimm , Wilhelm Grimm (Hrsg.): German dictionary . tape 11 : K - (V). S. Hirzel, Leipzig 1873 ( woerterbuchnetz.de ).
- ^ Otto Ladendorf: Historical subject headings book. 1906. textlog.de
- ↑ Advertisement for Kladderadatsch . In: Vossische Zeitung , January 3, 1918, morning edition, p. 5.
- ↑ Kladderadatsch . In: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon . 6th edition. Volume 11, Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig / Vienna 1907, p. 86 .
- ↑ Kladderadatsch , vol. 70. No. 43 (Oct. 27, 1907), p. 170.
- ↑ Ursula E. Koch : The devil in Berlin. From the March Revolution to Bismarck's dismissal. Illustrated political joke sheets of a metropolis 1848–1890. cw leske Verlag, Cologne 1991, p. 142 ff.
- ↑ "Heil Göring". Kladderadatsch, September 1933
- ↑ The International School for Holocaust Studies (ISHS) / "The Sculptor of Germany" / Propaganda and the Fine Arts in the Third Reich on the page of Yad Vashem / The Holocaust Martyrs 'and Heroes' Remembrance Authority [o. D.]; accessed on October 8, 2016