Rudolf Löwenstein (born February 20, 1819 in Breslau , † January 5, 1891 in Berlin ) was a German humorous and political writer of Jewish origin.
He was baptized when he was nine years old. He attended grammar school in Glogau and studied at the universities of Breslau and Berlin, where he also received his doctorate in 1843 . During his studies in 1840 he became a member of the Raczeks Breslau fraternity . In Berlin he became an honorary member of the Arminia fraternity in Berlin in 1860 .
In 1836 some of his poems appeared in various Silesian newspapers. He then achieved greater popularity with his series of poems “Der Kindergarten” (children's poems) published in 1846.
Löwenstein was a member of numerous clubs. In particular, since 1842 he participated in the renowned Berlin literary association Tunnel über der Spree , where he met the most famous Tunnelian Theodor Fontane .
Just a few weeks after founding the well-known satirical magazine Kladderadatsch in 1848, he and David Kalisch and Ernst Dohm were on the editorial board and one of the magazine's most important authors.
Politically liberal oriented during the German Revolution of 1848/49 , he was expelled from Prussia in 1849 for his activities . Returning to Berlin in 1850, he continued his work in the original position for the Kladderadatsch for another 37 years. In 1863 he was still editor of the political section of the court newspaper . In 1887 he retired from public life.
Rudolf Löwenstein died in Berlin in 1891 at the age of 71. He was buried in Cemetery III of the Jerusalem and New Churches in front of the Hallesches Tor . The grave is preserved. A granite obelisk on a pedestal serves as the tombstone, in the front of which a relief tondo with the portrait of the deceased is embedded in profile.
Löwenstein was literarily very productive and not only wrote the well-known "Kindergarten" poems, but also, for example, Ehret die Frauen and many song texts in 1874 , most of which were also set to music. This includes u. a. The song from the post office . His political poetry, especially from 1860 to 1880, brought him great recognition.
- Elven economy . In: The Gazebo . Issue 39, 1867, pp. 612–614 ( full text [ Wikisource ] - illustrated by Theodor Hosemann ).
- Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume I: Politicians. Volume 3: I-L. Winter, Heidelberg 1999, ISBN 3-8253-0865-0 , pp. 305-306.
- Kurt Franz: Löwenstein, Rudolf. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 15, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1987, ISBN 3-428-00196-6 , p. 107 f. ( Digitized version ).
- Anike Rössig: Jews and other "Tunnelians". Society and literature in the Berlin “Sunday Association”. Dissertation. University of Hanover 2005. Winter, Heidelberg 2008, ISBN 978-3-8253-5398-8 .
- A. Schwartz (Ed.): The Kladderadatsch and his people. Hofmann, Berlin 1898.
- Lion's Arch. In: Jewish Encyclopedia . 1901-1906.
- Löwenstein, Rudolf. In: Lexicon of German-Jewish Authors . Volume 16: Lewi – Mehr. Edited by the Bibliographia Judaica archive. Saur, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-598-22696-0 , pp. 125-130.
- Literature by and about Rudolf Löwenstein in the catalog of the German National Library
- ↑ Horst Grimm, Leo Besser-Walzel: The corporations. Handbook on history, dates, facts, people. Umschau, Frankfurt am Main 1986, ISBN 3-524-69059-9 .
- ^ Hans-Jürgen Mende : Lexicon of Berlin burial places . Pharus-Plan, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-86514-206-1 , p. 244. Photo of the tomb of Rudolf Löwenstein on the website of the “Foundation for Historic Cemeteries and Cemeteries in Berlin-Brandenburg”; accessed on March 30, 2019.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 20, 1819|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Wroclaw|
|DATE OF DEATH||January 5, 1891|
|Place of death||Berlin|