Theodor Hosemann

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Theodor Hosemann at the age of 48 (self-portrait from 1855)
Theodor Hosemann 1870 (engraving by E. Hartmann in the Illustrirten Welt, 18.1870, p. 17)
"Nen Dreier, det Schäfchen" (1860)
Bricklayer building the Red City Hall
Illustration for " Hansel and Gretel "
Illustration for "Münchhausen"

Friedrich Wilhelm Heinrich Theodor Hosemann (born September 24, 1807 in Brandenburg an der Havel , † October 15, 1875 in Berlin ) was a German painter , draftsman , illustrator and caricaturist .


Hosemann was the son of the royal Prussian officer Wilhelm Albrecht Hosemann, who served as a lieutenant in the "von Puttkamer" regiment , and Christiane Charlotte Stengel.

Hosemann married Henriette Wilhelmine Aßmann († 1849) in 1836. There were three children from this marriage. After the death of his first wife, Hosemann married Bertha Heimb's second marriage in 1850 from a wealthy family. There were three other children from this marriage. Of every six children, only one son reached adulthood and survived the father.


Hosemann worked mainly as a genre painter and lithographer . As a drawing teacher for the children of the general manager of the Royal Drama, later of the museums in Berlin, Carl von Brühl , he found access to the highest circles in the city. The Berlin petty bourgeoisie found far more attention in his world of images .

“The pre-March Berlin found in him its most loyal chronicler and portrayal; and if he hadn't created more than his pictures of the life of the people of Berlin, his memory could not be erased, and anyone who wants to understand the history of our city in those times properly must also take Hosemann's descriptions to hand - the best picture chronicle of those years! "

- Writings of the Association for the History of Berlin, September 1897

Under financially very modest circumstances, Hosemann grew up in different places of residence due to his father's unsteady officer and war life. In 1819, at the age of twelve, he started as an apprentice at the “ Arnz & Winckelmann ” lithographic institute in Düsseldorf . At the age of 15 he was already employed as a draftsman in 1822 for an annual salary of 200 thalers . At the same time he attended the Düsseldorf Art Academy .

In 1828 the partner Johann Christian Winckelmann went into business for himself in Berlin and founded what was later to become the so-called publishing house "Winckelmann & Sons". Hosemann went with him as the first draftsman for twice the annual salary of 400 thalers to Berlin. In that year the first illustrations can be found in children's and youth books and in 1830 humorous drawings followed in the colorful booklets published by George Gropius . Over the next few years, Hosemann became a highly valued illustrator for many other publishers.

From 1834 to 1852 he worked with the humorist and satirist Adolf Glaßbrenner . Most of his writings were illustrated by Hosemann. Among them, above all, the series “Berlin as it is and - drinks”. Its author was called "Adolf Brennglas" and a total of 32 issues appeared in Berlin and Leipzig. Hosemann supplied caricatures for numbers 19, 25, 26 and 27.

From 1842 to 1855, Hosemann was a member of the Berlin literary association “ Tunnel over the Spree ” and was called “ Hogarth ”. He was close to the Berlin “ Rütli ” in the 1850s and was co-editor of all four volumes of the club-related yearbook Argo from 1857 to 1860 . Album for Art and Poetry (Wroclaw). In the Argo Hosemann has published several photos (steel engraving plates).


In 1857 he was appointed professor at the Berlin Academy of the Arts and made a member there in 1860. During these years as a teacher, Heinrich Zille was one of his students in 1874 . Hosemann died on October 15, 1875 in Berlin. His grave of the city of Berlin is in the section VIII-25-34 / 35 on the II. Sophien-Friedhof in the Bergstrasse ( Berlin-Mitte ). It was dedicated to the city of Berlin as an honorary grave until 2015 .

Works - Illustrated books (selection)

The most extensive directory of Hosemann's works, a catalog of graphic works (595 numbers), is provided by Karl Hobrecker in Lothar Brieger's Theodor Hosemann. An old master of Berlin painting (Munich, 1920, pp. 130–167).



Web links

Commons : Theodor Hosemann  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  4. See also Eduard Fuchs : The Jews in the caricature. A contribution to cultural history. Langen, Munich 1921, p. 106; for the dating of the print cf. Karl Hobrecker, No. 311. The 1st – 7th Edition was not published by Janke.
  5. works
  6. Hosemannstrasse. In: Street name lexicon of the Luisenstädtischer Bildungsverein (near  Kaupert )