Carl Joseph Anton Mittermaier
Carl Joseph Anton Mittermaier (born August 5, 1787 in Munich , † August 28, 1867 in Heidelberg ; often abbreviated as CJA Mittermaier ) was a German lawyer , university professor , publicist and politician . He is one of the most important jurists on criminal law of the 19th century.
Mittermaier was born on August 5, 1787 in Munich as the son of the pharmacist and owner of the "rose pharmacy" Joseph Georg Jakob Mittermaier (1750–1797). The mother, née Katharina Maria Orthmayr (1759–1828), was a sister of the navigator Heinrich Zimmermann , a helmsman of the circumnavigator Captain James Cook . Mittermaier was with Margarethe, geb. von Walther (* 1786), with whom he had six children. He was the father-in-law of the Baden governor Friedrich von Krafft-Ebing and the maternal grandfather of Richard von Krafft-Ebing .
After graduating from high school in 1803, Mittermaier studied law at the (today's) Wilhelmsgymnasium Munich at the University of Landshut , where he co-founded the Corps Bavaria , and then did his doctorate at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg .
After activities as a private teacher and private lecturer , he became Professor of Law in Landshut and Bavarian Councilor in 1811. He was elected rector three times. In 1819 he moved to the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn , in 1821 to Heidelberg. He went on several study trips and acted as the editor of several legal and political publications, among others, together with Karl Mathy and Friedrich Daniel Bassermann as co-founder of the Deutsche Zeitung and author of the Rotteck-Welcker State Lexicon .
From the beginning he was one of the central figures of moderate southwest German liberalism . From 1829 he was a member of the Baden Legislative Commission and from 1831 to 1840 and from 1846 to 1849 a member of the Second Chamber of the Baden Council of Estates , from 1833 to 1840 as its president. He was a participant in the Weinheim press festival in 1832 and the Heidelberg assembly in 1848.
Mittermaier was President of the Pre-Parliament in Frankfurt am Main and represented Baden-Baden in the Frankfurt National Assembly from May 18, 1848 to May 30, 1849 . He was a member of the Württemberger Hof and Augsburger Hof parliamentary groups and was involved as a delegate in the election of Friedrich Wilhelm IV as Emperor of the Germans.
Mittermaier received numerous international honorary doctorates and was a member of many scientific societies in Europe and the United States ( American Academy of Arts and Sciences , 1853). On May 31, 1863 he received the Prussian order Pour le Mérite for sciences and arts . The city of Heidelberg granted Carl Mittermaier honorary citizenship in 1836 .
The building that Mittermaier bought in Heidelberg in 1822 and named after him, the Palais Mittermaier , today Karlstraße 8, at the time also the residence of Richard von Krafft-Ebing's parents , is one of the oldest surviving Baroque buildings in Heidelberg's old town.
- Erich J. Hahn (Ed.): Correspondence between Karl Josef Anton Mittermaier and Rudolf von Gneist . (= Studies on European Legal History , 132.) Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 2000, ISBN 3-465-03076-1 .
- Lieselotte Jelowik (Ed.): Correspondence between Karl Josef Anton Mittermaier and Hermann Fitting . (= Studies on European Legal History , 133.) Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 2000, ISBN 3-465-03078-8 .
- Lieselotte Jelowik (Ed.): Letters from German and Swiss Germanists to Karl Josef Anton Mittermaier. (= Studies on European Legal History , 143.) Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 2001, ISBN 3-465-03152-0 .
- Dorothee Mußgnug (ed.): Letters from members of the Baden legislative commissions to Karl Josef Anton Mittermaier. (= Studies on European Legal History , 153.) Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 2002, ISBN 3-465-03204-7 .
- Lieselotte Jelowik (ed.): Letters from German criminal lawyers to Karl Josef Anton Mittermaier 1832–1866. (= Studies on European Legal History , 188.) Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 2005, ISBN 3-465-03416-3 .
- Dorothee Mußgnug (Ed.): Correspondence between Karl Josef Anton Mittermaier and Robert von Mohl . (= Studies on European Legal History , 179.) Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 2005, ISBN 3-465-03402-3 .
- Dorothee Mußgnug (Ed.): Letters from Theodor Goltdammer to Karl Josef Anton Mittermaier. (= Studies on European Legal History , 224.) Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-465-04046-0 .
- Heinrich Marquardsen : Mittermaier, Karl Josef Anton . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 22, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1885, pp. 25-33.
- K. and L. Mittermaier: Pictures from the life of KJA Mittermaier. For the five hundredth anniversary of Heidelberg University. G. Weiss, Heidelberg 1886.
- Ina Ebert, Andreas Fijal: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 17, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-428-00198-2 , p. 584 f. ( ). In:
- Karl Viernstein : Karl Joseph Anton Mittermaier as a student and teacher at the University of Landshut . Munich 1931.
- Regina Harzer: Mittermaier, Carl Joseph Anton . In: Michael Stolleis (ed.): Juristen. A biographical lexicon. From antiquity to the 20th century. Beck, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-406-39330-6 , p. 428 f.
- Jan Schröder : Karl Joseph Anton Mittermaier . In: Gerd Kleinheyer ; Jan Schröder (ed.): German and European lawyers from nine centuries. 4th edition, CF Müller, Heidelberg 1996 (UTB 578), ISBN 3-8252-0578-9 , p. 273 ff. (Bibliography and literature p. 276 f.).
- Luigi Nuzzo: Bibliography of the works of Karl Josef Anton Mittermaier. (= Studies on European Legal History , 172.) Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 2004, ISBN 3-465-03351-5 .
- Lars Hendrik Riemer: The network of "prison friends" (1830–1872). Karl Josef Anton Mittermaier's correspondence with European road enforcement experts. (= Studies on European Legal History , 192.) Klostermann, Frankfurt am Main 2005, ISBN 3-465-03405-8 (Dissertation University of Frankfurt LH Riemer 2004, Volume 1: XIV, 1070 pages, Volume 2: XXX, pages 1071-1908 , 24 cm).
- Dagmar Drüll: Heidelberger Gelehrtenlexikon 1803-1932 . (Ed.): Rectorate of the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität-Heidelberg. Springer Berlin Heidelberg Tokyo. 2012. 324 pp. ISBN 978-3-642-70761-2 .
- Works by and about Carl Joseph Anton Mittermaier in the German Digital Library
- Carl Mittermaier in Europeana .eu
- Carl Joseph Anton Mittermaier in the Internet Archive
- Max Leitschuh: The matriculations of the upper classes of the Wilhelmsgymnasium in Munich , 4 vol., Munich 1970–1976; Vol. 4, p. 24.
- Kösener corps lists from 1960, 104, 7
- For freedom and democracy. Baden parliament history 1818–1933. A chronicle of the democratic movement since 1818 with biographies, historical film and sound recordings, election results, image documents and a comprehensive bibliography. (Multimedia CD-ROM, published by the Karlsruhe City Archives). Karlsruhe 1997, ISBN 3-9805956-0-9 .
- Heinrich Best , Wilhelm Weege: Biographical Handbook of the Members of the Frankfurt National Assembly 1848/49. Droste, Düsseldorf 1998 ISBN 3-7700-0919-3 , p. 240 f.
- The Order Pour le Mérite. For sciences and arts. The members of the Order Volume I (1842–1881). Gebr. Mann, Berlin 1975, p. 240.
|SURNAME||Mittermaier, Carl Joseph Anton|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Mittermaier, CJA|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German lawyer, university professor, publicist and politician|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 5, 1787|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Munich|
|DATE OF DEATH||August 28, 1867|
|Place of death||Heidelberg|